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Hardware-in-the-loop simulation

About: Hardware-in-the-loop simulation is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 4420 publications have been published within this topic receiving 36511 citations. The topic is also known as: HIL & HiL.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors employ the dynamic programming (DP) to locate the optimal actions for the engine in PHEVs, and propose a recalibration method to improve the performance of the rule-based energy management through the results calculated by DP algorithm.

471 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Methods to overcome the challenges of real-time simulation of wind systems, characterized by their complexity and high-frequency switching are discussed.
Abstract: Wind power generation studies of slow phenomena using a detailed model can be difficult to perform with a conventional offline simulation program. Due to the computational power and high-speed input and output, a real-time simulator is capable of conducting repetitive simulations of wind profiles in a short time with detailed models of critical components and allows testing of prototype controllers through hardware-in-the-loop (HIL). This paper discusses methods to overcome the challenges of real-time simulation of wind systems, characterized by their complexity and high-frequency switching. A hybrid flow-battery supercapacitor energy storage system (ESS), coupled in a wind turbine generator to smooth wind power, is studied by real-time HIL simulation. The prototype controller is embedded in one real-time simulator, while the rest of the system is implemented in another independent simulator. The simulation results of the detailed wind system model show that the hybrid ESS has a lower battery cost, higher battery longevity, and improved overall efficiency over its reference ESS.

434 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The article concludes by presenting applications in which different state of the art simulation programs are linked for run-time data exchange, and allows the use of the simulation program best suited for the particular problem to model building heat transfer, HVAC system dynamics and control algorithms, and to compute a solution to the coupled problem using co-simulation.
Abstract: This article describes the implementation of the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB). The BCVTB is a software environment that allows connecting different simulation programs to exchange data during the time integration, and that allows conducting hardware in the loop simulation. The software architecture is a modular design based on Ptolemy II, a software environment for design and analysis of heterogeneous systems. Ptolemy II provides a graphical model building environment, synchronizes the exchanged data and visualizes the system evolution during run-time. The BCVTB provides additions to Ptolemy II that allow the run-time coupling of different simulation programs for data exchange, including EnergyPlus, MATLAB, Simulink and the Modelica modelling and simulation environment Dymola. The additions also allow executing system commands, such as a script that executes a Radiance simulation. In this article, the software architecture is presented and the mathematical model used to implement the co-simulation is discussed. The simulation program interface that the BCVTB provides is explained. The article concludes by presenting applications in which different state of the art simulation programs are linked for run-time data exchange. This link allows the use of the simulation program that is best suited for the particular problem to model building heat transfer, HVAC system dynamics and control algorithms, and to compute a solution to the coupled problem using co-simulation.

408 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
29 Jun 2015
TL;DR: This task force paper summarizes the state-of-the-art real-time digital simulation concepts and technologies that are used for the analysis, design, and testing of the electric power system and its apparatus.
Abstract: This task force paper summarizes the state-of-the-art real-time digital simulation concepts and technologies that are used for the analysis, design, and testing of the electric power system and its apparatus. This paper highlights the main building blocks of the real-time simulator, i.e., hardware, software, input-output systems, modeling, and solution techniques, interfacing capabilities to external hardware and various applications. It covers the most commonly used real-time digital simulators in both industry and academia. A comprehensive list of the real-time simulators is provided in a tabular review. The objective of this paper is to summarize salient features of various real-time simulators, so that the reader can benefit from understanding the relevant technologies and their applications, which will be presented in a separate paper.

357 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An overview of the various kinds of real-time and HIL simulation for relatively slow processes, like those in basic industries or heating systems, is discussed and the required models are described.

331 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202372
2022186
2021187
2020255
2019289
2018279