Topic

# Hele-Shaw flow

About: Hele-Shaw flow is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 5451 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 151320 citation(s).

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TL;DR: The vorticity-stream function formulation of the two-dimensional incompressible NavierStokes equations is used to study the effectiveness of the coupled strongly implicit multigrid (CSI-MG) method in the determination of high-Re fine-mesh flow solutions.

Abstract: The vorticity-stream function formulation of the two-dimensional incompressible NavierStokes equations is used to study the effectiveness of the coupled strongly implicit multigrid (CSI-MG) method in the determination of high-Re fine-mesh flow solutions. The driven flow in a square cavity is used as the model problem. Solutions are obtained for configurations with Reynolds number as high as 10.000 and meshes consisting of as many as 257 x 257 points. For Re = 1000, the (129 x 129) grid solution required 1.5 minutes of CPU time on the AMDAHL 470 V/6 computer. Because of the appearance of one or more secondary vortices in the flow field, uniform mesh refinement was preferred to the use of one-dimensional gridclustering coordinate transformations. The past decade has witnessed a great deal of progress in the area of computational fluid dynamics. Developments in computer technology hardware as well as in advanced numerical algorithms have enabled attempts to be made towards analysis and numerical solution of highly complex flow problems. For some of these applications, the use of simple iterative techniques to solve the Navier-Stokes equations leads to a rather slow convergence rate for the solutions. The solution convergence rate can be seriously affected if the coupling among the various governing differential equations is not properly honored either in the interior of the solution domain or at its boundaries. The rate of convergence is also generally strongly dependent on such problem parameters as the Reynolds number, the mesh size, and the total number of computational points. This has led several researchers to examine carefully the recently emerging multigrid (MG) technique as a useful means for enhancing the convergence rate of iterative numerical methods for solving discretized equations at a number of computational grid points so large as to be considered impractical previously.

3,728 citations

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18 Jul 2014

3,424 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a method is introduced that is able to extract dynamic information from flow fields that are either generated by a (direct) numerical simulation or visualized/measured in a physical experiment.

Abstract: The description of coherent features of fluid flow is essential to our understanding of fluid-dynamical and transport processes. A method is introduced that is able to extract dynamic information from flow fields that are either generated by a (direct) numerical simulation or visualized/measured in a physical experiment. The extracted dynamic modes, which can be interpreted as a generalization of global stability modes, can be used to describe the underlying physical mechanisms captured in the data sequence or to project large-scale problems onto a dynamical system of significantly fewer degrees of freedom. The concentration on subdomains of the flow field where relevant dynamics is expected allows the dissection of a complex flow into regions of localized instability phenomena and further illustrates the flexibility of the method, as does the description of the dynamics within a spatial framework. Demonstrations of the method are presented consisting of a plane channel flow, flow over a two-dimensional cavity, wake flow behind a flexible membrane and a jet passing between two cylinders.

2,909 citations

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Brown University

^{1}TL;DR: In this paper, the forces on a small rigid sphere in a nonuniform flow are considered from first prinicples in order to resolve the errors in Tchen's equation and the subsequent modified versions that have since appeared.

Abstract: The forces on a small rigid sphere in a nonuniform flow are considered from first prinicples in order to resolve the errors in Tchen’s equation and the subsequent modified versions that have since appeared. Forces from the undisturbed flow and the disturbance flow created by the presence of the sphere are treated separately. Proper account is taken of the effect of spatial variations of the undisturbed flow on both forces. In particular the appropriate Faxen correction for unsteady Stokes flow is derived and included as part of the consistent approximation for the equation of motion.

2,875 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, it was shown that a flow is possible in which equally spaced fingers advance steadily at very slow speeds, such that behind the tips of the advancing fingers the widths of the two columns of fluid are equal.

Abstract: When a viscous fluid filling the voids in a porous medium is driven forwards by the pressure of another driving fluid, the interface between them is liable to be unstable if the driving fluid is the less viscous of the two. This condition occurs in oil fields. To describe the normal modes of small disturbances from a plane interface and their rate of growth, it is necessary to know, or to assume one knows, the conditions which must be satisfied at the interface. The simplest assumption, that the fluids remain completely separated along a definite interface, leads to formulae which are analogous to known expressions developed by scientists working in the oil industry, and also analogous to expressions representing the instability of accelerated interfaces between fluids of different densities. In the latter case the instability develops into round-ended fingers of less dense fluid penetrating into the more dense one. Experiments in which a viscous fluid confined between closely spaced parallel sheets of glass, a Hele-Shaw cell, is driven out by a less viscous one reveal a similar state. The motion in a Hele-Shaw cell is mathematically analogous to two-dimensional flow in a porous medium.
Analysis which assumes continuity of pressure through the interface shows that a flow is possible in which equally spaced fingers advance steadily. The ratio λ = (width of finger)/(spacing of fingers) appears as the parameter in a singly infinite set of such motions, all of which appear equally possible. Experiments in which various fluids were forced into a narrow Hele-Shaw cell showed that single fingers can be produced, and that unless the flow is very slow λ = (width of finger)/(width of channel) is close to , so that behind the tips of the advancing fingers the widths of the two columns of fluid are equal. When λ = 1/2 the calculated form of the fingers is very close to that which is registered photographically in the Hele-Shaw cell, but at very slow speeds where the measured value of λ increased from 1/2 to the limit 1.0 as the speed decreased to zero, there were considerable differences. Assuming that these might be due to surface tension, experiments were made in which a fluid of small viscosity, air or water, displaced a much more viscous oil. It is to be expected in that case that λ would be a function of μU/T only, where μ is the viscosity, U the speed of advance and T the interfacial tension. This was verified using air as the less viscous fluid penetrating two oils of viscosities 0.30 and 4.5 poises.

2,493 citations