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Hemoglobin variants

About: Hemoglobin variants is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1083 publications have been published within this topic receiving 16302 citations.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Results suggest that clinical laboratories and sites responsible for point-of-care testing of gHb need to be aware of the interferences produced in assays by genetic variants and chemically modified derivatives, and should make available alternative, non-Hb-based methods for assessing long-term glycemic control in individuals with HbCC, HbSS, or HbSC disease.
Abstract: Background: Glycohemoglobin (gHb), measured as hemoglobin (Hb) A1c or as total gHb, provides a common means for assessing long-term glycemic control in individuals with diabetes mellitus. Genetic variants and chemically modified derivatives of Hb can profoundly affect the accuracy of these measurements, although effects vary considerably among commercially available methods. The prevalence of genetic variants such as HbS, HbC, and HbE, and chemically modified derivatives such as carbamyl-Hb among patient populations undergoing testing is not insignificant. Clinical laboratories and sites responsible for point-of-care testing of gHb need to be aware of the interferences produced in assays by these Hbs. Approach: We conducted a review of the literature describing the effects of variant Hbs on gHb assay methods commonly used in clinical laboratories. Content: This review summarizes the documented effects of both common and uncommon Hb variants and derivatives on the measurement of gHb. Where known, we discuss mechanisms of interference on specific assays and methodologies. We specifically address effects of commonly encountered Hbs, such as carbamyl-Hb, HbS, HbC, HbE, and HbF, on assays that use cation-exchange chromatography, immunoassays, or boronate affinity methods for measuring gHb. Summary: A variety of patient- and laboratory-related factors can adversely affect the measurement of gHb in patients harboring Hb variants or derivatives. Identification of the variant or derivative Hb before or during testing may allow accurate measurement of gHb by the selection of a method unaffected by the given variant or derivative. However, laboratories should make available alternative, non-Hb-based methods for assessing long-term glycemic control in individuals with HbCC, HbSS, or HbSC disease, or with other underlying disorders where the concentration of gHb does not accurately reflect long-term glycemic control.

519 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A relational database of hemoglobin variants and thalassemia mutations, called HbVar, is constructed, which can be accessed on the web at http://globin.cse.psu.edu, and should be useful for clinical diagnosis as well as in fundamental studies ofhemoglobin biochemistry, globin gene regulation, and human sequence variation at these loci.
Abstract: We have constructed a relational database of hemoglobin variants and thalassemia mutations, called HbVar, which can be accessed on the web at http://globin.cse.psu.edu. Extensive information is recorded for each variant and mutation, including a description of the variant and associated pathology, hematology, electrophoretic mobility, methods of isolation, stability information, ethnic occurrence, structure studies, functional studies, and references. The initial information was derived from books by Dr. Titus Huisman and colleagues [Huisman et al., 1996, 1997, 1998]. The current database is updated regularly with the addition of new data and corrections to previous data. Queries can be formulated based on fields in the database. Tables of common categories of variants, such as all those involving the alphal-globin gene (HBA1) or all those that result in high oxygen affinity, are maintained by automated queries on the database. Users can formulate more precise queries, such as identifying "all beta-globin variants associated with instability and found in Scottish populations." This new database should be useful for clinical diagnosis as well as in fundamental studies of hemoglobin biochemistry, globin gene regulation, and human sequence variation at these loci.

431 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The frequencies for a large number of mutations causing beta-thalassemia in at-risk populations have been extracted from the published literature and made available for the user to query upon in HbVar.
Abstract: HbVar (http://globin.cse.psu.edu/globin/hbvar/) is a relational database developed by a multi-center academic effort to provide up-to-date and high quality information on the genomic sequence changes leading to hemoglobin variants and all types of thalassemia and hemoglobinopathies. Extensive information is recorded for each variant and mutation, including sequence alterations, biochemical and hematological effects, associated pathology, ethnic occurrence and references. In addition to the regular updates to entries, we report two significant advances: (i) The frequencies for a large number of mutations causing β-thalassemia in at-risk populations have been extracted from the published literature and made available for the user to query upon. (ii) HbVar has been linked with the GALA (Genome Alignment and Annotation database, available at http://globin.cse.psu.edu/gala/) so that users can combine information on hemoglobin variants and thalassemia mutations with a wide spectrum of genomic data. It also expands the capacity to view and analyze the data, using tools within GALA and the University of California at Santa Cruz (UCSC) Genome Browser.

375 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: These updates significantly enriched the database content and querying potential, enhanced the database profile and data quality and broadened the inter-relation of HbVar with other databases, which should increase the already high impact of this resource to the globin and genetic database community.
Abstract: HbVar (http://globin.bx.psu.edu/hbvar) is one of the oldest and most appreciated locus-specific databases launched in 2001 by a multi-center academic effort to provide timely information on the genomic alterations leading to hemoglobin variants and all types of thalassemia and hemoglobinopathies. Database records include extensive phenotypic descriptions, biochemical and hematological effects, associated pathology and ethnic occurrence, accompanied by mutation frequencies and references. Here, we report updates to >600 HbVar entries, inclusion of population-specific data for 28 populations and 27 ethnic groups for α-, and β-thalassemias and additional querying options in the HbVar query page. HbVar content was also inter-connected with two other established genetic databases, namely FINDbase (http://www.findbase.org) and Leiden Open-Access Variation database (http://www.lovd.nl), which allows comparative data querying and analysis. HbVar data content has contributed to the realization of two collaborative projects to identify genomic variants that lie on different globin paralogs. Most importantly, HbVar data content has contributed to demonstrate the microattribution concept in practice. These updates significantly enriched the database content and querying potential, enhanced the database profile and data quality and broadened the inter-relation of HbVar with other databases, which should increase the already high impact of this resource to the globin and genetic database community.

375 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: High-performance liquid chromatography was used to separate tryptic peptides of the normal a, β, γ, and δ chains of human hemoglobins A, F, and A 2 and of the abnormal chains of 25 hemoglobin variants.

286 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202322
202250
202134
202027
201941
201826