Topic

# HERA

About: HERA is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 5519 publications have been published within this topic receiving 88625 citations.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: In this article, a combination of the inclusive deep inelastic cross sections measured by the H1 and ZEUS Collaborations in neutral and charged current unpolarised e(+/-)p scattering at HERA during the period 1994-2000 is presented.

Abstract: A combination is presented of the inclusive deep inelastic cross sections measured by the H1 and ZEUS Collaborations in neutral and charged current unpolarised e(+/-)p scattering at HERA during the period 1994-2000. The data span six orders of magnitude in negative four-momentum-transfer squared, Q(2), and in Bjorken x. The combination method used takes the correlations of systematic uncertainties into account, resulting in an improved accuracy. The combined data are the sole input in a NLO QCD analysis which determines a new set of parton distributions, HERAPDF1.0, with small experimental uncertainties. This set includes an estimate of the model and parametrisation uncertainties of the fit result.

599 citations

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University of Freiburg

^{1}, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare^{2}, University of Copenhagen^{3}, University of Edinburgh^{4}, CERN^{5}TL;DR: In this paper, a set of parton distribution functions (PDFs) based on the NNPDF2.3 set, which includes a photon PDF, and QED contributions to parton evolution, is presented.

Abstract: We present a set of parton distribution functions (PDFs), based on the NNPDF2.3 set, which includes a photon PDF, and QED contributions to parton evolution. We describe the implementation of the combined QCD+QED evolution in the NNPDF framework. We then provide a first determination of the full set of PDFs based on deep-inelastic scattering data and LHC data for W and Z/γ⁎ Drell–Yan production, using leading-order QED and NLO or NNLO QCD. We compare the ensuing NNPDF2.3QED PDF set to the older MRST2004QED set. We perform a preliminary investigation of the phenomenological implications of NNPDF2.3QED: specifically, photon-induced corrections to direct photon production at HERA, and high-mass dilepton and W pair production at the LHC.

550 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the signatures of leptoquarks with masses of order 100 GeV and couplings to quark-lepton pairs as large as gauge couplings were systematically studied.

Abstract: Low-energy experiments permit the existence of leptoquarks with masses of order 100 GeV and couplings to quark-lepton pairs as large as gauge couplings We study systematically the signatures of all possible scalar and vector leptoquarks in electron (positron)-proton collisions Clear evidence for leptoquarks would be narrow peaks in the x -distributions of inclusive neutral and charged current processes At HERA one will be able to explore the mass range up to 300 GeV through direct production, and even somewhat beyond the CM energy of 314 GeV through virtual effects Conversely, leptoquarks with masses of 200 GeV can be discovered for couplings as small as 10 −3 α em

546 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the DESY HERA data on diffractive deep inelastic scattering using a saturation model was successfully described and compared with the original DESYHERA data.

Abstract: We successfully describe the DESY HERA data on diffractive deep inelastic scattering using a saturation model which has been applied in our earlier analysis of the inclusive $\mathrm{ep}$-scattering data. No further parameters are needed. Saturation already turned out to be essential in describing the transition from large to small values of ${Q}^{2}$ in inclusive scattering. It is even more important for diffractive processes and naturally leads to a constant ratio of the diffractive versus inclusive cross sections. We present an extensive discussion of our results as well as detailed comparison with data.

543 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors construct a Monte Carlo model of such multiparton interactions and study their effects on a wide range of physical observables, concluding that multiple interactions could have very significant effects upon the photoproduction final state and that this would for example make extractions of the gluon density in the photon rather difficult.

Abstract: The high energy photoproduction of jets is being observed at theep collider, HERA. It may be that the HERA centre-of-mass energy is sufficiently large that the production of more than one pair of jets perep collision becomes possible, owing to the large number density of the probed gluons. We construct a Monte Carlo model of such multiparton interactions and study their effects on a wide range of physical observables. The conclusion is that multiple interactions could have very significant effects upon the photoproduction final state and that this would for example make extractions of the gluon density in the photon rather difficult. Total rates for the production of many (i.e.≥3) jets could provide direct evidence for the presence of multiple interactions, although parton showering and hadronization significantly affect low transverse energy jets.

530 citations