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Heterostructure-emitter bipolar transistor

About: Heterostructure-emitter bipolar transistor is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 7386 publications have been published within this topic receiving 87558 citations. The topic is also known as: heterojunction-emitter bipolar transistor & HEBT.

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17 Apr 2007
TL;DR: In this paper, a structure with a transistor is disclosed comprising a substrate, a gas barrier layer on the substrate, and a transistor on the barrier layer, where the transistor can include an oxide semiconductor layer.
Abstract: A structure with a transistor is disclosed comprising a substrate, a gas barrier layer on the substrate, and a transistor on the gas barrier layer. The transistor can include an oxide semiconductor layer. The oxide semiconductor layers can comprise In—Ga—Zn—O. A display, such as a liquid crystal display, can have such a structure.

1,010 citations

01 Oct 1989
TL;DR: In this paper, a revised version explains the ins and outs of SPICE, plus gives new data on modeling advanced devices such as MESFETs, IBEs, and SCR-thyristors.
Abstract: From the Publisher: With all the clarity and hands-on practicality of the best-selling first edition,this revised version explains the ins and outs of SPICE,plus gives new data on modeling advanced devices such as MESFETs,ISFETs,and thyristors. And because it's the only book that describes the models themselves,it helps readers gain maximum value from SPICE,rather than just telling them how to run the program. This guide is also distinctive in covering both MOS and FET models. Step by step,it takes the reader through the modeling process,providing complete information on a variety of semiconductor devices for designing specific circuit applications. These include: Pn junction and Schottky diodes; bipolar junction transistor (BJT); junction field effect transistor (JFET); metal oxide semiconductor transistor (MOST); metal semiconductor field effect transistor (MESFET); ion sensitive field effect transistor (ISFET); semiconductor controlled rectifier (SCR-thyristor).

869 citations

15 Dec 2000
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a detailed discussion of the application of Bipolar Transistors in a CMOS process and their application in a variety of applications, including the following: 1. Semiconductors.
Abstract: (NOTE: Each chapter concludes with "Summary" and "Exercises.") 1. Device Physics. Semiconductors. Generation and Recombination. Extrinsic Semiconductors. Diffusion and Drift. PN Junctions. Depletion Regions. PH Diodes. Schottky Diodes. Zener Diodes. Ohmic Contacts. Bipolar Junction Transistors. Beta. I-V Characteristics. MOS Transistors. Threshold Voltage. I-V Characteristics. JFET Transistors. 2. Semiconductor Fabrication. Silicon Manufacture. Crystal Growth. Wafer Manufacturing. The Crystal Structure of Silicon. Photolithography. Photoresists. Photomasks and Reticles. Patterning. Oxide Growth and Removal. Oxide Growth and Deposition. Oxide Removal. Other Effects of Oxide Growth and Removal. Local Oxidation of Silicon (LOCOS). Diffusion and Ion Implantation. Diffusion. Other Effects of Diffusion. Ion Implantation. Silicon Deposition. Epitaxy. Polysilicon Deposition. Metallization. Deposition and Removal of Aluminum. Refractory Barrier Metal. Silicidation. Interlevel Oxide, Interlevel Nitride, and Protective Overcoat. Assembly. Mount and Bond. Packaging. 3. Representative Processes. Standard Bipolar. Essential Features. Fabrication Sequence. Available Devices. Process Extensions. Polysilicon-Gate CMOS. Essential Features. Fabrication Sequence. Available Devices. Process Extensions. Analog BiCMOS. Essential Features. Fabrication Sequence. Available Devices. Process Extensions. 4. Failure Mechanisms. Electrical Overstress. Electrostatic Discharge (ESD). Electromigration. The Antenna Effect. Contamination. Dry Corrosion. Mobile Ion Contamination. Surface Effects. Hot Carrier Injection. Parasitic Channels and Charge Spreading. Parasitics. Substrate Debiasing. Minority-Carrier Injection. 5. Resistors. Resistivity and Sheet Resistance. Resistor Layout. Resistor Variability. Process Variation. Temperature Variation. Nonlinearity. Contact Resistance. Resistor Parasitics. Comparison of Available Resistors. Base Resistors. Emitter Resistors. Base Pinch Resistors. High-Sheet Resistors. Epi Pinch Resistors. Metal Resistors. Poly Resistors. NSD and PSD Resistors. N-Well Resistors. Thin-Film Resistors. Adjusting Resistor Values. Tweaking Resistors. Trimming Resistors. 6. Capacitors. Capacitance. Capacitor Variability. Process Variation. Voltage Modulation and Temperature Variation. Capacitor Parasitics. Comparison of Available Capacitors. Base-Emitter Junction Capacitors. MOS Capacitors. Poly-Poly Capacitors. Miscellaneous Styles of Capacitors. 7. Matching of Resistors and Capacitors. Measuring Mismatch. Causes of Mismatch. Random Statistical Fluctuations. Process Biases. Pattern Shift. Variations in Polysilicon Etch Rate. Diffusion Interactions. Stress Gradients and Package Shifts. Temperature Gradients and Thermoelectrics. Electrostatic Interactions. Rules for Device Matching. Rules for Resistor Matching. Rules for Capacitor Matching. 8. Bipolar Transistors. Topics in Bipolar Transistor Operation. Beta Rolloff. Avalanche Breakdown. Thermal Runaway and Secondary Breakdown. Saturation in NPN Transistors. Saturation in Lateral PNP Transistors. Parasitics of Bipolar Transistors. Standard Bipolar Small-Signal Transistors. The Standard Bipolar NPN Transistor. The Standard Bipolar Substrate PNP Transistor. The Standard Bipolar Lateral PNP Transistor. High-Voltage Bipolar Transistors. Alternative Small-Signal Bipolar Transistors. Extensions to Standard Bipolar. Bipolar Transistors in a CMOS Process. Advanced-Technology Bipolar Transistors. 9. Applications of Bipolar Transistors. Power Bipolar Transistors. Failure Mechanisms of NPN Power Transistors. Layout of Power NPN Transistors. Saturation Detection and Limiting. Matching Bipolar Transistors. Random Variations. Emitter Degeneration. NBL Shadow. Thermal Gradients. Stress Gradients. Rules for Bipolar Transistor Matching. Rules for Matching NPN Transistors. Rules for Matching Lateral PNP Transistors. 10. Diodes. Diodes in Standard Bipolar. Diode-Connected Transistors. Zener Diodes. Schottky Diodes. Diodes in CMOS and BiCMOS Processes. Matching Diodes. Matching PN Junction Diodes. Matching Zener Diodes. Matching Schottky Diodes. 11. MOS Transistors. Topics in MOS Transistor Operation. Modeling the MOS Transistor. Parasitics of MOS Transistors. Self-Aligned Poly-Gate CMOS Transistors. Coding the MOS Transistor. N-Well and P-Well Processes. Channel Stops. Threshold Adjust Implants. Scaling the Transistor. Variant Structures. Backgate Contacts. 12. Applications of MOS Transistors. Extended-Voltage Transistors. LDD and DDD Transistors. Extended-Drain Transistors. Multiple Gate Oxides. Power MOS Transistors. Conventional MOS Power Transistors. DMOS Transistors. The JFET Transistor. Modeling the JFET. JFET Layout. MOS Transistor Matching. Geometric Effects. Diffusion and Etch Effects. Thermal and Stress Effects. Common-Centroid Layout of MOS Transistors. Rules for MOS Transistor Matching. 13. Special Topics. Merged Devices. Flawed Device Mergers. Successful Device Mergers. Low-Risk Merged Devices. Medium-Risk Merged Devices. Devising New Merged Devices. Guard Rings. Standard Bipolar Electron Guard Rings. Standard Bipolar Hole Guard Rings. Guard Rings in CMOS and BiCMOS Designs. Single-Level Interconnection. Mock Layouts and Stick Diagrams. Techniques for Crossing Leads. Types of Tunnels. Constructing the Padring. Scribe Streets and Alignment Markers. Bondpads, Trimpads, and Testpads. ESD Structures. Selecting ESD Structures. 14. Assembling the Die. Die Planning. Cell Area Estimation. Die Area Estimation. Gross Profit Margin. Floorplanning. Top-Level Interconnection. Principles of Channel Routing. Special Routing Techniques. Electromigration. Minimizing Stress Effects. Appendix A: Table of Acronyms Used in the Text. Appendix B: The Miller Indices of a Cubic Crystal. Appendix C: Sample Layout Rules. Appendix D: Mathematical Derivations. Appendix E: Sources for Layout Editor Software. Index.

751 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) with extremely high-speed microwave capabilities is reported, which is based on a field effect transistor (FE transistor).
Abstract: Studies of field-effect control of the high mobility electrons in MBE-grown selectively doped GaAs/n-AlxGa1-x As heterojunctions are described. Successful fabrication of a new field-effect transistor, called a high electron mobility transistor (HEMT), with extremely high-speed microwave capabilities is reported.

741 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
W. Shockley1
01 Nov 1952
TL;DR: In this article, the authors proposed a new form of transistor called unipolar field effect transistor, which is of the "field effect" type in which the conductivity of a layer of semiconductor is modulated by a transverse electric field.
Abstract: The theory for a new form of transistor is presented. This transistor is of the "field-effect" type in which the conductivity of a layer of semiconductor is modulated by a transverse electric field. Since the amplifying action involves currents carried pre-dominantly by one kind of carrier, the name "unipolar" is proposed to distinguish these transistors from point-contact and junction types, which are "bipolar" in this sense. Regarded as an analog for a vacuum-tube triode, the unipolar field-effect transistor may have a m? of 10 or more, high output resistance, and a frequency response higher than bipolar transistors of comparable dimensions.

645 citations

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