About: Hexane is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 3759 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 57996 citation(s). The topic is also known as: CH3-[CH2]4-CH3 & hexyl hydride.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Fe2(BDP)3 (BDP2– = 1,4-benzenedipyrazolate), a highly stable framework with triangular channels that effect the separation of hexane isomers according to the degree of branching is reported, showing preliminary promise for enhancing a separations process central to gasoline production.
Abstract: Metal-organic frameworks can offer pore geometries that are not available in zeolites or other porous media, facilitating distinct types of shape-based molecular separations. Here, we report Fe2(BDP)3 (BDP(2-) = 1,4-benzenedipyrazolate), a highly stable framework with triangular channels that effect the separation of hexane isomers according to the degree of branching. Consistent with the varying abilities of the isomers to wedge along the triangular corners of the structure, adsorption isotherms and calculated isosteric heats indicate an adsorption selectivity order of n-hexane > 2-methylpentane > 3-methylpentane > 2,3-dimethylbutane ≈ 2,2-dimethylbutane. A breakthrough experiment performed at 160°C with an equimolar mixture of all five molecules confirms that the dibranched isomers elute first from a bed packed with Fe2(BDP)3, followed by the monobranched isomers and finally linear n-hexane. Configurational-bias Monte Carlo simulations confirm the origins of the molecular separation.
01 Aug 2004-Food Research International
TL;DR: In this article, the application of 20 kHz high-intensity ultrasound during extraction of oil from two varieties of soybeans (TN 96-58 and N 98-4573) using hexane, isopropanol and a 3:2 hexane-isopropol mixture was evaluated.
Abstract: The application of 20 kHz high-intensity ultrasound during extraction of oil from two varieties of soybeans (TN 96-58 and N 98-4573) using hexane, isopropanol and a 3:2 hexane–isopropanol mixture was evaluated. In a simplified extraction procedure, ground soybeans were added to solvents and ultrasonicated between 0 and 3 h at ultrasonic intensity levels ranging from 16.4 to 47.6 W/cm 2 . Oil was recovered after distillation and yield and composition determined. Using hexane as a solvent, yield generally increased as both application time and intensity of ultrasound increased. Solvent type influenced the efficiency of the extraction, i.e., the highest yield was obtained using ultrasound in combination with the mixed solvent. Gas chromatography analysis of ultrasonicated soybean oil did not show significant changes in fatty acid composition. Results were attributed to mechanical effects due to ultrasonically induced cavitation increasing permeability of plant tissues. A comparison of scanning electron microscopy images of raw and ultrasonicated soybeans indicated development of microfractures and disruption of cell walls in ground soybean flakes. Our study suggests that high-intensity ultrasound may reduce time required to extract edible oils from plant sources and hence improve throughput in commercial oil production processes.
TL;DR: A comprehensive review of the literature about use of solvents for extraction of oilseeds is presented in this article, where mention has been made of over 70 solvent types, including ethanol, isopropanol, methylene chloride, aqueous acetone and hexane/acetone/water mixtures.
Abstract: A comprehensive review of the literature about use of solvents for extraction of oilseeds is presented. Mention has been found of over 70 solvents. Currently, hexane is the major solvent in use, but recent price increases and safety, environmental and health concerns, have generated interest in alternatives. Solvents vary considerably in chemical and physical properties which affect their performance in oil extraction. The choice of solvent depends upon the primary end product desired (oil or meal). Recent research on alternative solvents has focused on ethanol, isopropanol, methylene chloride, aqueous acetone, and hexane/acetone/water mixtures.
TL;DR: This study provides a new prospect to simply introduce multiple molecules on the adhesive PDA-based mesh to achieve various functional oil/water separation materials.
Abstract: An oil/water separation mesh with high separation efficiency and intrusion pressure of water has been successfully developed by combining mussel-inspired chemistry and Michael addition reaction. The substrate of the stainless steel mesh was first coated with the adhesive polydopamine (PDA) film by simple immersion in an aqueous solution of dopamine at pH of 8.5. Then n-dodecyl mercaptan (NDM) was conjugated with PDA film through Michael addition reaction at ambient temperature. The as-prepared mesh showed highly hydrophobicity with the water contact angle of 144° and superoleophilicity with the oil contact angle of 0°. It can be used to separate a series of oil/water mixtures like gasoline, diesel, etc. The separation efficiency remains high after 30 times use (99.95% for hexane/water mixture). More importantly, the relatively high intrusion pressure (2.2 kPa) gives the opportunity to separation of large amount of oil and water mixtures. This study provides a new prospect to simply introduce multiple mole...
01 Oct 1999-Journal of Catalysis
TL;DR: In this article, the authors used unidirectional 12-membered ring (MR) zeolites with different pore diameters and other pore topologies, including one with connected 12×10 MR pores and two tridirectal 12 MR zeolite.
Abstract: The hydroisomerization of n -heptane to dibranched and tribranched products for producing high octane gasoline has been studied using unidirectional 12 Membered Ring (MR) zeolites with different pore diameters, and zeolites with other pore topologies including one with connected 12×10 MR pores and two tridirectional 12 MR zeolites. Besides the pore topology, the crystallite size of the zeolite was seen to be of paramount importance for improving activity and selectivity. In a second part of the work, a Light Straight Run naphtha including n -pentane and n -hexane and another feed containing n -pentane, n -hexane, and n -heptane have been successfully isomerized using a nanocrystalline Beta (BEA) zeolite. This can be a favourable alternative to the commercial zeolite catalyst based on mordenite (MOR), especially when n -heptane is present in the feed.
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