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Hilbert space

About: Hilbert space is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 29705 publications have been published within this topic receiving 637043 citations.

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01 Jan 1966
TL;DR: The monograph by T Kato as discussed by the authors is an excellent reference work in the theory of linear operators in Banach and Hilbert spaces and is a thoroughly worthwhile reference work both for graduate students in functional analysis as well as for researchers in perturbation, spectral, and scattering theory.
Abstract: "The monograph by T Kato is an excellent textbook in the theory of linear operators in Banach and Hilbert spaces It is a thoroughly worthwhile reference work both for graduate students in functional analysis as well as for researchers in perturbation, spectral, and scattering theory In chapters 1, 3, 5 operators in finite-dimensional vector spaces, Banach spaces and Hilbert spaces are introduced Stability and perturbation theory are studied in finite-dimensional spaces (chapter 2) and in Banach spaces (chapter 4) Sesquilinear forms in Hilbert spaces are considered in detail (chapter 6), analytic and asymptotic perturbation theory is described (chapter 7 and 8) The fundamentals of semigroup theory are given in chapter 9 The supplementary notes appearing in the second edition of the book gave mainly additional information concerning scattering theory described in chapter 10 The first edition is now 30 years old The revised edition is 20 years old Nevertheless it is a standard textbook for the theory of linear operators It is user-friendly in the sense that any sought after definitions, theorems or proofs may be easily located In the last two decades much progress has been made in understanding some of the topics dealt with in the book, for instance in semigroup and scattering theory However the book has such a high didactical and scientific standard that I can recomment it for any mathematician or physicist interested in this field Zentralblatt MATH, 836

19,846 citations

07 Jan 2013
TL;DR: In this article, Leray-Schauder and Harnack this article considered the Dirichlet Problem for Poisson's Equation and showed that it is a special case of Divergence Form Operators.
Abstract: Chapter 1. Introduction Part I: Linear Equations Chapter 2. Laplace's Equation 2.1 The Mean Value Inequalities 2.2 Maximum and Minimum Principle 2.3 The Harnack Inequality 2.4 Green's Representation 2.5 The Poisson Integral 2.6 Convergence Theorems 2.7 Interior Estimates of Derivatives 2.8 The Dirichlet Problem the Method of Subharmonic Functions 2.9 Capacity Problems Chapter 3. The Classical Maximum Principle 3.1 The Weak Maximum Principle 3.2 The Strong Maximum Principle 3.3 Apriori Bounds 3.4 Gradient Estimates for Poisson's Equation 3.5 A Harnack Inequality 3.6 Operators in Divergence Form Notes Problems Chapter 4. Poisson's Equation and Newtonian Potential 4.1 Holder Continuity 4.2 The Dirichlet Problem for Poisson's Equation 4.3 Holder Estimates for the Second Derivatives 4.4 Estimates at the Boundary 4.5 Holder Estimates for the First Derivatives Notes Problems Chapter 5. Banach and Hilbert Spaces 5.1 The Contraction Mapping 5.2 The Method of Cintinuity 5.3 The Fredholm Alternative 5.4 Dual Spaces and Adjoints 5.5 Hilbert Spaces 5.6 The Projection Theorem 5.7 The Riesz Representation Theorem 5.8 The Lax-Milgram Theorem 5.9 The Fredholm Alternative in Hilbert Spaces 5.10 Weak Compactness Notes Problems Chapter 6. Classical Solutions the Schauder Approach 6.1 The Schauder Interior Estimates 6.2 Boundary and Global Estimates 6.3 The Dirichlet Problem 6.4 Interior and Boundary Regularity 6.5 An Alternative Approach 6.6 Non-Uniformly Elliptic Equations 6.7 Other Boundary Conditions the Obliue Derivative Problem 6.8 Appendix 1: Interpolation Inequalities 6.9 Appendix 2: Extension Lemmas Notes Problems Chapter 7. Sobolev Spaces 7.1 L^p spaces 7.2 Regularization and Approximation by Smooth Functions 7.3 Weak Derivatives 7.4 The Chain Rule 7.5 The W^(k,p) Spaces 7.6 DensityTheorems 7.7 Imbedding Theorems 7.8 Potential Estimates and Imbedding Theorems 7.9 The Morrey and John-Nirenberg Estimes 7.10 Compactness Results 7.11 Difference Quotients 7.12 Extension and Interpolation Notes Problems Chapter 8 Generalized Solutions and Regularity 8.1 The Weak Maximum Principle 8.2 Solvability of the Dirichlet Problem 8.3 Diferentiability of Weak Solutions 8.4 Global Regularity 8.5 Global Boundedness of Weak Solutions 8.6 Local Properties of Weak Solutions 8.7 The Strong Maximum Principle 8.8 The Harnack Inequality 8.9 Holder Continuity 8.10 Local Estimates at the Boundary 8.11 Holder Estimates for the First Derivatives 8.12 The Eigenvalue Problem Notes Problems Chapter 9. Strong Solutions 9.1 Maximum Princiles for Strong Solutions 9.2 L^p Estimates: Preliminary Analysis 9.3 The Marcinkiewicz Interpolation Theorem 9.4 The Calderon-Zygmund Inequality 9.5 L^p Estimates 9.6 The Dirichlet Problem 9.7 A Local Maximum Principle 9.8 Holder and Harnack Estimates 9.9 Local Estimates at the Boundary Notes Problems Part II: Quasilinear Equations Chapter 10. Maximum and Comparison Principles 10.1 The Comparison Principle 10.2 Maximum Principles 10.3 A Counterexample 10.4 Comparison Principles for Divergence Form Operators 10.5 Maximum Principles for Divergence Form Operators Notes Problems Chapter 11. Topological Fixed Point Theorems and Their Application 11.1 The Schauder Fixes Point Theorem 11.2 The Leray-Schauder Theorem: a Special Case 11.3 An Application 11.4 The Leray-Schauder Fixed Point Theorem 11.5 Variational Problems Notes Chapter 12. Equations in Two Variables 12.1 Quasiconformal Mappings 12.2 holder Gradient Estimates for Linear Equations 12.3 The Dirichlet Problem for Uniformly Elliptic Equations 12.4 Non-Uniformly Elliptic Equations Notes Problems Chapter 13. Holder Estimates for

18,443 citations

07 Sep 2011
TL;DR: In this article, the theory of conjugate convex functions is introduced, and the Hahn-Banach Theorem and the closed graph theorem are discussed, as well as the variations of boundary value problems in one dimension.
Abstract: Preface.- 1. The Hahn-Banach Theorems. Introduction to the Theory of Conjugate Convex Functions.- 2. The Uniform Boundedness Principle and the Closed Graph Theorem. Unbounded Operators. Adjoint. Characterization of Surjective Operators.- 3. Weak Topologies. Reflexive Spaces. Separable Spaces. Uniform Convexity.- 4. L^p Spaces.- 5. Hilbert Spaces.- 6. Compact Operators. Spectral Decomposition of Self-Adjoint Compact Operators.- 7. The Hille-Yosida Theorem.- 8. Sobolev Spaces and the Variational Formulation of Boundary Value Problems in One Dimension.- 9. Sobolev Spaces and the Variational Formulation of Elliptic Boundary Value Problems in N Dimensions.- 10. Evolution Problems: The Heat Equation and the Wave Equation.- 11. Some Complements.- Problems.- Solutions of Some Exercises and Problems.- Bibliography.- Index.

4,691 citations

01 Jan 1996
TL;DR: The Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics as discussed by the authors is a seminal work in theoretical physics that introduced the theory of Hermitean operators and Hilbert spaces and provided a mathematical framework for quantum mechanics.
Abstract: Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics was a revolutionary book that caused a sea change in theoretical physics. Here, John von Neumann, one of the leading mathematicians of the twentieth century, shows that great insights in quantum physics can be obtained by exploring the mathematical structure of quantum mechanics. He begins by presenting the theory of Hermitean operators and Hilbert spaces. These provide the framework for transformation theory, which von Neumann regards as the definitive form of quantum mechanics. Using this theory, he attacks with mathematical rigor some of the general problems of quantum theory, such as quantum statistical mechanics as well as measurement processes. Regarded as a tour de force at the time of publication, this book is still indispensable for those interested in the fundamental issues of quantum mechanics.

4,043 citations

01 Jan 1974
TL;DR: In this paper, the Moore of the Moore-Penrose Inverse is described as a generalized inverse of a linear operator between Hilbert spaces, and a spectral theory for rectangular matrices is proposed.
Abstract: * Glossary of notation * Introduction * Preliminaries * Existence and Construction of Generalized Inverses * Linear Systems and Characterization of Generalized Inverses * Minimal Properties of Generalized Inverses * Spectral Generalized Inverses * Generalized Inverses of Partitioned Matrices * A Spectral Theory for Rectangular Matrices * Computational Aspects of Generalized Inverses * Miscellaneous Applications * Generalized Inverses of Linear Operators between Hilbert Spaces * Appendix A: The Moore of the Moore-Penrose Inverse * Bibliography * Subject Index * Author Index

3,937 citations

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