Topic

# Homomorphic secret sharing

About: Homomorphic secret sharing is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2697 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 77523 citation(s).

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TL;DR: This work shows how GHZ states can be used to split quantum information into two parts so that both parts are necessary to reconstruct the original qubit.

Abstract: Secret sharing is a procedure for splitting a message into several parts so that no subset of parts is sufficient to read the message, but the entire set is. We show how this procedure can be implemented using Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states. In the quantum case the presence of an eavesdropper will introduce errors so that his presence can be detected. We also show how GHZ states can be used to split quantum information into two parts so that both parts are necessary to reconstruct the original qubit.

2,448 citations

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11 Aug 1991TL;DR: It is shown how to distribute a secret to n persons such that each person can verify that he has received correct information about the secret without talking with other persons.

Abstract: It is shown how to distribute a secret to n persons such that each person can verify that he has received correct information about the secret without talking with other persons. Any k of these persons can later find the secret (1 ? k ? n), whereas fewer than k persons get no (Shannon) information about the secret. The information rate of the scheme is 1/2 and the distribution as well as the verification requires approximately 2k modular multiplications pr. bit of the secret. It is also shown how a number of persons can choose a secret "in the well" and distribute it veritably among themselves.

2,255 citations

01 Jan 2009

TL;DR: This work designs a somewhat homomorphic "boostrappable" encryption scheme that works when the function f is the scheme's own decryption function, and shows how, through recursive self-embedding, bootstrappable encryption gives fully homomorphic encryption.

Abstract: We propose the first fully homomorphic encryption scheme, solving an old open problem. Such a scheme allows one to compute arbitrary functions over encrypted data without the decryption key—i.e., given encryptions E(m1), ..., E( mt) of m1, ..., m t, one can efficiently compute a compact ciphertext that encrypts f(m1, ..., m t) for any efficiently computable function f.
Fully homomorphic encryption has numerous applications. For example, it enables encrypted search engine queries—i.e., a search engine can give you a succinct encrypted answer to your (boolean) query without even knowing what your query was. It also enables searching on encrypted data; you can store your encrypted data on a remote server, and later have the server retrieve only files that (when decrypted) satisfy some boolean constraint, even though the server cannot decrypt the files on its own. More broadly, it improves the efficiency of secure multiparty computation.
In our solution, we begin by designing a somewhat homomorphic "boostrappable" encryption scheme that works when the function f is the scheme's own decryption function. We then show how, through recursive self-embedding, bootstrappable encryption gives fully homomorphic encryption.

2,194 citations

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01 Jun 1994

TL;DR: In this paper, a new type of cryptographic scheme, which can decode concealed images without any cryptographic computations, is proposed, which is called k-out-of-n secret sharing.

Abstract: In this paper we consider a new type of cryptographic scheme, which can decode concealed images without any cryptographic computations. The scheme is perfectly secure and very easy to implement. We extend it into a visual variant of the k out of n secret sharing problem, in which a dealer provides a transparency to each one of the n users; any k of them can see the image by stacking their transparencies, but any k-1 of them gain no information about it.

1,907 citations

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TL;DR: As the first part of a study of problems involving common randomness at distance locations, information-theoretic models of secret sharing (generating a common random key at two terminals, without letting an eavesdropper obtain information about this key) are considered.

Abstract: As the first part of a study of problems involving common randomness at distance locations, information-theoretic models of secret sharing (generating a common random key at two terminals, without letting an eavesdropper obtain information about this key) are considered. The concept of key-capacity is defined. Single-letter formulas of key-capacity are obtained for several models, and bounds to key-capacity are derived for other models. >

1,360 citations