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HU Protein

About: HU Protein is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 182 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 10424 citation(s). more


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1128/JB.181.20.6361-6370.1999
Talukder Ali Azam, Akira Iwata, Akiko Nishimura1, Susumu Ueda  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: The genome DNA of Escherichia coli is associated with about 10 DNA-binding structural proteins, altogether forming the nucleoid. The nucleoid proteins play some functional roles, besides their structural roles, in the global regulation of such essential DNA functions as replication, recombination, and transcription. Using a quantitative Western blot method, we have performed for the first time a systematic determination of the intracellular concentrations of 12 species of the nucleoid protein in E. coli W3110, including CbpA (curved DNA-binding protein A), CbpB (curved DNA-binding protein B, also known as Rob [right origin binding protein]), DnaA (DNA-binding protein A), Dps (DNA-binding protein from starved cells), Fis (factor for inversion stimulation), Hfq (host factor for phage Qβ), H-NS (histone-like nucleoid structuring protein), HU (heat-unstable nucleoid protein), IciA (inhibitor of chromosome initiation A), IHF (integration host factor), Lrp (leucine-responsive regulatory protein), and StpA (suppressor of td mutant phenotype A). Intracellular protein levels reach a maximum at the growing phase for nine proteins, CbpB (Rob), DnaA, Fis, Hfq, H-NS, HU, IciA, Lrp, and StpA, which may play regulatory roles in DNA replication and/or transcription of the growth-related genes. In descending order, the level of accumulation, calculated in monomers, in growing E. coli cells is Fis, Hfq, HU, StpA, H-NS, IHF*, CbpB (Rob), Dps*, Lrp, DnaA, IciA, and CbpA* (stars represent the stationary-phase proteins). The order of abundance, in descending order, in the early stationary phase is Dps*, IHF*, HU, Hfq, H-NS, StpA, CbpB (Rob), DnaA, Lrp, IciA, CbpA, and Fis, while that in the late stationary phase is Dps*, IHF*, Hfq, HU, CbpA*, StpA, H-NS, CbpB (Rob), DnaA, Lrp, IciA, and Fis. Thus, the major protein components of the nucleoid change from Fis and HU in the growing phase to Dps in the stationary phase. The curved DNA-binding protein, CbpA, appears only in the late stationary phase. These changes in the composition of nucleoid-associated proteins in the stationary phase are accompanied by compaction of the genome DNA and silencing of the genome functions. more

Topics: Nucleoid organization (62%), Bacterial nucleoid (62%), DnaA (58%) more

847 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/0092-8674(79)90152-1
01 Jun 1979-Cell
Abstract: The incubation of the E coli DNA binding protein HU with relaxed circular SV40 DNA in the presence of pure nicking-closing enzyme introduces up to 18 negative superhelical turns in the DNA molecules as measured by agarose gel electrophoresis. The maximal density of supercoiling is obtained at a HU-DNA mass ratio of 1. Reconstituted DNA-HU complexes prefixed with glutaraldehyde appear as condensed circular structures having an average of 14 "beads" per circular SV40 DNA molecule, with a "bead" diameter of 180 +/- 23 A. The circular SV40 DNA is condensed by a ratio of 2.0-2.5 relative to naked DNA. This is similar to the ratio (2.4) measured for chromatin formed by reassociation of relaxed SV40 DNA with the four core histones. more

Topics: DNA supercoil (66%), DNA clamp (61%), DNA (57%) more

426 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1101/GAD.7.8.1521
Abstract: The mammalian high mobility group proteins HMG1 and HMG2 are abundant, chromatin-associated proteins whose cellular function is not known. In this study we show that these proteins can substitute for the prokaryotic DNA-bending protein HU in promoting the assembly of the Hin invertasome, an intermediate structure in Hin-mediated site-specific DNA inversion. Formation of this complex requires the assembly of the Hin recombinase, the Fis protein, and three cis-acting DNA sites, necessitating the looping of intervening DNA segments. Invertasome assembly is strongly stimulated by HU or HMG proteins when one of these segments is shorter than 104 bp. By use of ligase-mediated circularization assays, we demonstrate that HMG1 and HMG2 can bend DNA extremely efficiently, forming circles as small as 66 bp, and even 59-bp circles at high HMG protein concentrations. In both invertasome assembly and circularization assays, substrates active in the presence of HMG1 contain one less helical turn of DNA compared with substrates active in the presence of HU protein. Analysis of different domains of HMG1 generated by partial proteolytic digestion indicate that DNA-binding domain B is sufficient for both bending and invertasome assembly. We suggest that an important biological function of HMG1 and HMG2 is to facilitate cooperative interactions between cis-acting proteins by promoting DNA flexibility. A general role for HMG1 and HMG2 in chromatin structure is also suggested by their ability to wrap DNA duplexes into highly compact forms. more

Topics: Invertasome (75%), Hmg protein (59%), Hin recombinase (59%) more

315 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/310376A0
Isao Tanaka1, Isao Tanaka2, Krzysztof Appelt1, Jan Dijk1  +4 moreInstitutions (4)
02 Aug 1984-Nature
Abstract: The 3-A structure of DNA-binding protein II, which exhibits histone-like properties in bacteria, has been determined. The molecule is dimeric and appears to bind to the phosphate backbone of DNA through two symmetry-related arms. A mechanism by which the protein induces DNA supercoiling is proposed. more

Topics: DNA supercoil (62%), DNA (56%), Protein primary structure (54%) more

307 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/0022-2836(86)90405-5
Abstract: Nuclease digestion studies of DNA bound to the histone-like protein HU show that cuts in each strand of the DNA double helix are made with a periodicity of 8.5 base-pairs. By contrast, similar digestions of DNA in eukaryotic nucleosomes show a repeat of 10.4 base-pairs. This and other results (including circular dichroism studies) are consistent with the proposal that the pitch of the DNA double helix in the HU complex is reduced from a repeat length of 10.5 to 8.5 base-pairs per helical turn. Simultaneously, the DNA in the HU-DNA complex containing two dimers of HU per 60 base-pairs has its linking number decreased by 1.0 turn per 290 base-pairs. From these changes it is calculated that HU imposes a DNA writhe of 1.0 per three to four monomers of HU. The results suggest a model in which DNA is coiled in left-handed toroidal supercoils on the HU complex, having a stoichiometry resembling that of the half-nucleosome of eukaryotic chromatin. An important distinction is that HU complexes can restrain the same number of DNA superhelical turns as eukaryotic nucleosomes, yet the DNA retains more negative torsional tension, just as is observed in prokaryotic chromosomes in vivo . Another distinction is that HU-DNA complexes are less stable, having a dissociation half-life of 0.6 min in 50 m m -NaCl. This last property may explain prior difficulties in detecting prokaryotic nucleosome-like structures. more

Topics: HU Protein (66%), DNA supercoil (62%), DNA clamp (61%) more

297 Citations

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Josette Rouviere-Yaniv

14 papers, 1.5K citations

Yasunobu Kano

9 papers, 214 citations

Constantinos E. Vorgias

7 papers, 135 citations

Tatiana V. Rakitina

7 papers, 41 citations

D.A. Korzhenevskiy

6 papers, 65 citations

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