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Hydrostatic stress

About: Hydrostatic stress is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 1568 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 37773 citation(s).


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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The effects of void nucleation occurring during the deformation history on forming limit curves are considered for both in-plane and punch stretching employing a constitutive model of a porous plastic solid. Both plastic strain controlled and stress controlled nucleation processes are simulated by a two parameter void nucleation criterion. For in-plane stretching, plastic strain controlled nucleation can have, in certain circumstances, a significantly destabilizing effect on the forming limit curve. However, within the framework of plane stress theory which neglects the enhance­ ment of the hydrostatic stress due to necking, a stress controlled nucleation process is not found to be significantly destabilizing. In punch stretching a ductile rupture criterion, which limits the maximum volume fraction of voids, as well as the ap­ pearance of a well defined thickness trough, is adopted as a localized necking criterion. Only plastic strain controlled void nucleation is considered here in out-ofplane stretching. The resulting forming limit curves have the same shape as those obtained previously with void nucleation neglected.

1,125 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The yield behaviour of two aluminium alloy foams (Alporas and Duocel) has been investigated for a range of axisymmetric compressive stress states. The initial yield surface has been measured, and the evolution of the yield surface has been explored for uniaxial and hydrostatic stress paths. It is found that the hydrostatic yield strength is of similar magnitude to the uniaxial yield strength. The yield surfaces are of quadratic shape in the stress space of mean stress versus effective stress, and evolve without corner formation. Two phenomenological isotropic constitutive models for the plastic behaviour are proposed. The first is based on a geometrically self-similar yield surface while the second is more complex and allows for a change in shape of the yield surface due to differential hardening along the hydrostatic and deviatoric axes. Good agreement is observed between the experimentally measured stress versus strain responses and the predictions of the models.

927 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
James R. Rice1
Abstract: It is shown that if the displacement field and stress intensity factor are known as functions of crack length for any symmetrical load system acting on a linear elastic body in plane strain, then the stress intensity factor for any other symmetrical load system whatsoever on the same body may be directly determined. The result is closely related to Bueckner's (1970) weight function, through which the stress intensity factor is expressed as a sum of work-like products between applied forces and values of the weight function at their points of application. An example of the method is given wherein the solution for a crack in a remotely uniform stress field is used to generate the expression for the stress intensity factor due to an arbitrary traction distribution on the faces of a crack. A corresponding theory is developed in an appendix for three-dimensional crack problems, although this appears to be directly useful chiefly for problems in which there is axial symmetry.

873 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: C entral to the J-based fracture mechanics approach is the concept of J-dominance whereby J alone sets the stress level as well as the size scale of the zone of high stresses and strains. In Part I the idea of a J Q annulus was developed. Within the annulus, the plane strain plastic near-tip fields are members of a family of solutions parameterized by Q when distances are normalized by J σ 0 , where σ0is the yield stress, J and Q have distinct roles: J sets the size scale over which large stresses and strains develop while Q scales the near-tip stress distribution and the stress triaxiality achieved ahead of the crack. Specifically, negative (positive) Q values mean that the hydrostatic stress is reduced (increased) by Qσ0 from the Q = 0 plane strain reference state. Therefore Q provides a quantitative measure of crack-tip constraint, a term widely used in the literature concerning geometry and size effects on a material's resistance to fracture. These developments are discussed further in this paper. It is shown that the J Q approach considerably extends the range of applicability of fracture mechanics for shallow-crack geometries loaded in tension and bending, and deep-crack geometries loaded in tension. The J Q theory provides a framework to organize toughness data as a function of constraint and to utilize such data in engineering applications. Two methods for estimating Q at fully yielded conditions and an interpolation scheme are discussed. The effects of crack size and specimen type on fracture toughness are addressed.

759 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Alan Needleman1
Abstract: A COHESIVE zone type interface model, taking full account of finite geometry changes, is used to study the decohesion of a viscoplastic block from a rigid substrate. Dimensional considerations introduce a characteristic length into the formulation. The specific boundary value problem analysed is one of plane strain tension with a superposed hydrostatic stress. For a perfect interface, if the maximum traction that the viscoplastic block can support is greater than the interfacial strength, decohesion takes place in a primarily tensile mode. If this maximum traction is lower than the interfacial strength, a shear dominated decohesion initiates at the block edge. Imperfections in the form of a non-bonded portion of the interface are considered. The effects of imposed stress triaxiality, size scale, loading rate and interfacial properties on the course of defect dominated decohesion are illustrated. The characterization of decohesion initiation and propagation in terms of rice's (J. appl. Mech. 35, 379, 1968) J-integral is investigated for a variety of interface descriptions and values of the superposed hydrostatic stress.

531 citations

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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20221
202134
202047
201948
201839
201744