About: Hyperon is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 3351 publications have been published within this topic receiving 47706 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The question of parity conservation in β decays and in hyperon and meson decays is examined in this paper, where possible experiments are suggested which might test parity conservation of these interactions.
Abstract: The question of parity conservation in β decays and in hyperon and meson decays is examined. Possible experiments are suggested which might test parity conservation in these interactions.
TL;DR: In this article, the chiral logarithmic corrections to the axial current for semileptonic hyperon decay and for the analysis of the strangeness content of the proton are computed as examples.
Abstract: Baryon chiral perturbation theory is developed using an effective lagrangian in which the baryons appear as heavy static fields. The chiral logarithmic corrections to the axial current for semileptonic hyperon decay and for the analysis of the strangeness content of the proton are computed as examples. The corrections are as big as the lowest order values, which implies that F and D cannot be reliably extracted from hyperon semileptonic decays.
01 Dec 1984
TL;DR: In a recent review as mentioned in this paper, the authors reflect some of the shifts of emphasis that are occurring among the fields of astrophysics, nuclear physics, and elementary particle physics and discuss the role of rotational degrees of freedom in heavy-ion collisions at low and moderate energies.
Abstract: The contents of this review reflect some of the shifts of emphasis that are occurring among the fields of astrophysics, nuclear physics, and elementary particle physics. Particle physics has made great advances in the unification of the fundamental forces of nature. Discussions and planning for a next big step in accelerator-colliders are presented. The technology of superconducting magnet systems as well as the fundamental physical principles of particle accelerators are discussed. Also presented are: high-resolution electronic particle detectors; nuclear physics changes such as pion interactions within nuclei; discussion of future relativistic heavy-ion colliders; the role of rotational degrees of freedom in heavy-ion collisions at low and moderate energies; hyperon beta decays; and the analysis of materials via nuclear reaction techniques. Neutrinos, their interactions and possible masses, have an important bearing on cosmology and the matter density of the universe in addition to their inherent interest in the microscopic world and this is also examined.
TL;DR: In this paper, the pseudoscalar exchange interaction splits the multiplets of SU (3) F × SU (2) S × U (6) conf in the spectrum, and the position of these multiplets differs in the baryon sectors with different strangeness.
Abstract: The spectra of the nucleons, Δ resonances and the strange hyperons are well described by the constituent quark model if in addition to the harmonic confinement potential the quarks are assumed to interact by exchange of the SU (3) F octet of pseudoscalar mesons, which are the Goldstone bosons associated with the hidden approximate chiral symmetry of QCD. In its SU (3) F invariant approximation the pseudoscalar exchange interaction splits the multiplets of SU (6) FS × U (6) conf in the spectrum to multiplets of SU (3) F × SU (2) S × U (6) conf . The position of these multiplets differs in the baryon sectors with different strangeness because of the mass splitting of the pseudoscalar octet and the different constituent masses of the u , d and s quarks that breaks SU (3) F flavor symmetry. A description of the whole spectrum, to an accuracy of − 4% or better, is achieved if one matrix element of the boson interaction for each oscillator shell is extracted from the empirical mass splittings. The ordering of the positive and negative parity states moreover agrees with the empirical one in all sectors of the spectrum. A discussion of the conceptual basis of the model and its various phenomenological ramifications is presented.
TL;DR: In this article, an alignment between the global angular momentum of a non-central collision and the spin of emitted particles is presented, revealing that the fluid produced in heavy ion collisions is the most vortical system so far observed.
Abstract: © 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved. The extreme energy densities generated by ultra-relativistic collisions between heavy atomic nuclei produce a state of matter that behaves surprisingly like a fluid, with exceptionally high temperature and low viscosity. Non-central collisions have angular momenta of the order of 1,000h, and the resulting fluid may have a strong vortical structure that must be understood to describe the fluid properly. The vortical structure is also of particular interest because the restoration of fundamental symmetries of quantum chromodynamics is expected to produce novel physical effects in the presence of strong vorticity. However, no experimental indications of fluid vorticity in heavy ion collisions have yet been found. Since vorticity represents a local rotational structure of the fluid, spin-orbit coupling can lead to preferential orientati on of particle spins along the direction of rotation. Here we present measurements of an alignment between the global angular momentum of a non-central collision and the spin of emitted particles (in this case the collision occurs between gold nuclei and produces Λ baryons), revealing that the fluid produced in heavy ion collisions is the most vortical system so far observed. (At high energies, this fluid is a quark-gluon plasma.) We find that Λ and hyperons show a positive polarization of the order of a few per cent, consistent with some hydrodynamic predictions. (A hyperon is a particle composed of three quarks, at least one of which is a strange quark; the remainder are up and down quarks, found in protons and neutrons.) A previous measurement that reported a null result, that is, zero polarization, at higher collision energies is seen to be consistent with the trend of our observations, though with larger statistical uncertainties. These data provide experimental access to the vortical structure of the nearly ideal liquid created in a heavy ion collision and should prove valuable in the development of hydrodynamic models that quantitatively connect observations to the theory of the strong force.