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Identity (philosophy)

About: Identity (philosophy) is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 13230 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 117391 citation(s). The topic is also known as: identity relation & itself.
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Saul A. Kripke1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 1980-
Abstract: I hope that some people see some connection between the two topics in the title. If not, anyway, such connections will be developed in the course of these talks. Furthermore, because of the use of tools involving reference and necessity in analytic philosophy today, our views on these topics really have wide-ranging implications for other problems in philosophy that traditionally might be thought far-removed, like arguments over the mind-body problem or the so-called ‘identity thesis’. Materialism, in this form, often now gets involved in very intricate ways in questions about what is necessary or contingent in identity of properties — questions like that. So, it is really very important to philosophers who may want to work in many domains to get clear about these concepts. Maybe I will say something about the mind-body problem in the course of these talks. I want to talk also at some point (I don’t know if I can get it in) about substances and natural kinds.

5,978 citations

01 Jan 1968-
Abstract: Since its publication in 1968, "Difference and Repetition," an exposition of the critique of identity, has come to be considered a contemporary classic in philosophy and one of Deleuze's most important works. The text follows the development of two central concepts, those of pure difference and complex repetition. It shows how the two concepts are related, difference implying divergence and decentring, repetition being associated with displacement and disguising. The work moves deftly between Hegel, Kierkegaard, Freud, Althusser and Nietzsche to establish a fundamental critique of Western metaphysics, and has been a central text in initiating the shift in French thought - away from Hegel and Marx, towards Nietzsche and Freud.

3,359 citations

01 Jan 1973-
Abstract: * Preface to the First Edition * Preface to the Second Edition * Textual References * Introduction * Sense and Tone * Quantifiers * The Hierarchy of Levels * Proper Names * Sense and Reference *Appendix: Note on an Attempted Refutation of Frege * Some Theses of Frege's on Sense and Reference * The Reference of Incomplete Expressions * The Incompleteness of Concepts and Functions * Indirect Reference * Assertion * Thoughts * Truth-value and Reference *Appendix: Note on Many-valued Logics * Can Truth be Defined? * Abstract Objects * Quantification * Identity * Original Sinn * The Evolution of Frege's Thought * Frege's Place in the History of Philosophy * Bibliography * Index

1,410 citations

Book ChapterDOI
Abstract: In this discussion I shall make some general remarks about how I now understand the conception of justice that I have called ‘justice as fairness’ (presented in my book A Theory of Justice).1 I do this because it may seem that this conception depends on philosophical claims I should like to avoid, for example, claims to universal truth, or claims about the essential nature and identity of persons. My aim is to explain why it does not. I shall first discuss what I regard as the task of political philosophy at the present time and then briefly survey how the basic intuitive ideas drawn upon in justice as fairness are combined into a political conception of justice for a constitutional democracy. Doing this will bring out how and why this conception of justice avoids certain philosophical and metaphysical claims. Briefly, the idea is that in a constitutional democracy the public conception of justice should be, so far as possible, independent of controversial philosophical and religious doctrines. Thus, to formulate such a conception, we apply the principle of toleration to philosophy itself: the public conception of justice is to be political, not metaphysical. Hence the title.

1,060 citations

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