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Impact assessment

About: Impact assessment is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 8431 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 179310 citation(s). more


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.GLOENVCHA.2006.03.008
Barry Smit1, Johanna Wandel1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This paper reviews the concept of adaptation of human communities to global changes, especially climate change, in the context of adaptive capacity and vulnerability. It focuses on scholarship that contributes to practical implementation of adaptations at the community scale. In numerous social science fields, adaptations are considered as responses to risks associated with the interaction of environmental hazards and human vulnerability or adaptive capacity. In the climate change field, adaptation analyses have been undertaken for several distinct purposes. Impact assessments assume adaptations to estimate damages to longer term climate scenarios with and without adjustments. Evaluations of specified adaptation options aim to identify preferred measures. Vulnerability indices seek to provide relative vulnerability scores for countries, regions or communities. The main purpose of participatory vulnerability assessments is to identify adaptation strategies that are feasible and practical in communities. The distinctive features of adaptation analyses with this purpose are outlined, and common elements of this approach are described. Practical adaptation initiatives tend to focus on risks that are already problematic, climate is considered together with other environmental and social stresses, and adaptations are mostly integrated or mainstreamed into other resource management, disaster preparedness and sustainable development programs. r 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. more

Topics: Vulnerability assessment (63%), Vulnerability (60%), Adaptive capacity (57%) more

4,237 Citations

Open accessBook
01 Jan 1979-
Abstract: Programs, Policies and Evaluation Tailoring Evaluations Identifying Issues and Formulating Questions Assessing the Need for a Program Expressing and Assessing Program Theory Monitoring Program Process and Performance Strategies for Impact Assessment Randomized Designs for Impact Assessment Quasi-Experimental Impact Assessments Assessment of Full-Coverage Programs Measuring Efficiency The Social Context of Evaluation more

Topics: Program evaluation (63%), Monitoring program (62%), Impact assessment (60%) more

3,268 Citations

Open accessBook
18 Jan 1996-
Abstract: This book surveys a wealth of British, American, and Canadian studies of public policy making, and proposes a model of the policy process which identifies relevant forces at work in the policy process and aids in the understanding of policy change and development. more

Topics: Policy studies (73%), Public policy (69%), Policy analysis (67%) more

1,812 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ECOLECON.2006.07.023
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to provide a cohesive categorisation of the most common sustainability assessment tools within the broader objective of lifting the understanding of tools from the environmentally-focused realm to that of the wider concept of sustainability. The framework provided is based on four main categories: indicators/indices, regional material and energy flows, life cycle approach and tools for integrated assessment. Furthermore, there is the overarching category of monetary valuation tools that can be used as a part of many of the tools listed in the subcategories above. The paper also shows that many of the tools for sustainability assessment still fail to fulfil the demands of the complex environmental, social and economic systems as proposed by the promoters of sustainability science. (Less) more

Topics: Sustainability organizations (69%), Sustainability science (63%), Sustainability (59%) more

1,188 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ES802423E
Abstract: A method for assessing the environmental impacts of freshwater consumption was developed. This method considers damages to three areas of protection: human health, ecosystem quality, and resources. The method can be used within most existing life-cycle impact assessment (LCIA) methods. The relative importance of water consumption was analyzed by integrating the method into the Eco-indicator-99 LCIA method. The relative impact of water consumption in LCIA was analyzed with a case study on worldwide cotton production. The importance of regionalized characterization factors for water use was also examined in the case study. In arid regions, water consumption may dominate the aggregated life-cycle impacts of cotton-textile production. Therefore, the consideration of water consumption is crucial in life-cycle assessment (LCA) studies that include water-intensive products, such as agricultural goods. A regionalized assessment is necessary, since the impacts of water use vary greatly as a function of location. T... more

Topics: Impact assessment (52%), Water use (51%), Water supply (51%)

1,027 Citations

No. of papers in the topic in previous years

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Katharina Helming

24 papers, 1K citations

Colin Kirkpatrick

21 papers, 476 citations

Angus Morrison-Saunders

20 papers, 1.3K citations

Serenella Sala

20 papers, 896 citations

Thomas B. Fischer

18 papers, 308 citations

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