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Impact assessment

About: Impact assessment is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 8431 publications have been published within this topic receiving 179310 citations.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a review of adaptation of human communities to global changes, especially climate change, in the context of adaptive capacity and vulnerability is presented, focusing on scholarship that contributes to practical implementation of adaptations at the community scale.
Abstract: This paper reviews the concept of adaptation of human communities to global changes, especially climate change, in the context of adaptive capacity and vulnerability. It focuses on scholarship that contributes to practical implementation of adaptations at the community scale. In numerous social science fields, adaptations are considered as responses to risks associated with the interaction of environmental hazards and human vulnerability or adaptive capacity. In the climate change field, adaptation analyses have been undertaken for several distinct purposes. Impact assessments assume adaptations to estimate damages to longer term climate scenarios with and without adjustments. Evaluations of specified adaptation options aim to identify preferred measures. Vulnerability indices seek to provide relative vulnerability scores for countries, regions or communities. The main purpose of participatory vulnerability assessments is to identify adaptation strategies that are feasible and practical in communities. The distinctive features of adaptation analyses with this purpose are outlined, and common elements of this approach are described. Practical adaptation initiatives tend to focus on risks that are already problematic, climate is considered together with other environmental and social stresses, and adaptations are mostly integrated or mainstreamed into other resource management, disaster preparedness and sustainable development programs. r 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

4,612 citations

Book
01 Jan 1979
TL;DR: Programs, Policies and Evaluation Tailoring Evaluations Identifying Issues and Formulating Questions Assessing the Need for a Program Expressing and Assessing Program Theory Monitoring Program Process and Performance Strategies for Impact Assessment Randomized Designs for Impact assessment Quasi-Experimental Impact Assessments Assessment of Full-Coverage Programs Measuring Efficiency.
Abstract: Programs, Policies and Evaluation Tailoring Evaluations Identifying Issues and Formulating Questions Assessing the Need for a Program Expressing and Assessing Program Theory Monitoring Program Process and Performance Strategies for Impact Assessment Randomized Designs for Impact Assessment Quasi-Experimental Impact Assessments Assessment of Full-Coverage Programs Measuring Efficiency The Social Context of Evaluation

3,272 citations

Book
18 Jan 1996
TL;DR: This book discusses the development of public policy levels, methods, and units in the post-modern era, as well as some of the aspects of policy formation and change that have changed over the years.
Abstract: This book surveys a wealth of British, American, and Canadian studies of public policy making, and proposes a model of the policy process which identifies relevant forces at work in the policy process and aids in the understanding of policy change and development.

1,901 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors provide a cohesive categorisation of the most common sustainability assessment tools within the broader objective of lifting the understanding of tools from the environmentally-focused realm to that of the wider concept of sustainability.

1,306 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The presented method is useful for environmental decision-support in the production of water-intensive products as well as for environmentally responsible value-chain management.
Abstract: A method for assessing the environmental impacts of freshwater consumption was developed. This method considers damages to three areas of protection: human health, ecosystem quality, and resources. The method can be used within most existing life-cycle impact assessment (LCIA) methods. The relative importance of water consumption was analyzed by integrating the method into the Eco-indicator-99 LCIA method. The relative impact of water consumption in LCIA was analyzed with a case study on worldwide cotton production. The importance of regionalized characterization factors for water use was also examined in the case study. In arid regions, water consumption may dominate the aggregated life-cycle impacts of cotton-textile production. Therefore, the consideration of water consumption is crucial in life-cycle assessment (LCA) studies that include water-intensive products, such as agricultural goods. A regionalized assessment is necessary, since the impacts of water use vary greatly as a function of location. T...

1,156 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202361
2022102
2021299
2020318
2019344
2018411