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Indian palm squirrel

About: Indian palm squirrel is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 32 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 181 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Funambulus palmarum.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Results indicate that the pineal gland may be implicated in mediating the humdity information to control the male gonadal function in the Indian palm squirrel, Funambulus pennanti.
Abstract: The effect of two different conditions of humidity (80 +/- 5% and 40 +/- 5%) under stimulatory photoperiod (14L/10D) and high temperature (38 +/- 2 degrees C) was studied on the testes and accessory sex organs of the Indian palm squirrel, Funambulus pennanti, during the sexually active phase. High humidity (80 +/- 5%) reduced significantly the testes weight of the sham-operated animals as compared to the controls under natural environmental conditions but had no effect on that of pinealectomized animals. Moderate humidity (40 +/- 5%) did not affect the testes of sham-operated as well as pinealectomized animals, as compared to the respective controls. The seminal and prostatic weights showed no significant difference in high or moderate humidity conditions. However, the epididymal weight of the animals exposed to high humidity was significantly reduced in sham-operated animals only. Thus, these results indicate that the pineal gland may be implicated in mediating the humidity information to control the male gonadal function in the Indian palm squirrel, Funambulus pennanti.

29 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results support the earlier concept and show for the first time that MEL can be transported from the mother to the young either prenatally through the placenta or postnatally via the milk in order to influence neonatal growth and sexual maturation.
Abstract: To date, the phenomenon of maternal transfer of hormones to the young is an enigma. The present study explains for the first time the maternal transfer of melatonin (MEL) to the young, affecting neona

25 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is suggested that response in the present study is not a pharmacological effect of drugs but temporal synergism of neural acitivities affected the seasonality of reproduction as only 12-hour-relation of 5-HTP and L-DOPA maintained breeding activity during post reproductive phase of annual gonad cycle in Palm Squirrel.
Abstract: Daily injections of L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA, dopamine precursor) given 12 hour after 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP, serotonin precursor) eliminated annual testicular regression in seasonally breeding sub-tropical Palm Squirrel that undergoes seasonal changes in responsiveness to day-length and humidity. Other temporal relations (L-DOPA given 0, 4, 8, 16 and 20 hours after 5-HTP administration) decreased/delayed the rate of regression and maintained the reproductive system at intermediate level. 12-hour-relation maintained full breeding condition (maximum gonad and accessory sex organs) unlike control, which exhibited complete atrophy of primary and accessory sex organs.

19 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is concluded that specific phase relation (12-hr) between circadian serotonergic and dopaminergic oscillations may induce breeding condition in regressing gonad of Indian Palm Squirrel during post-reproductive phase of annual gonadal cycle.
Abstract: Specific temporal relationship (12-hr) of serotonin and dopamine activity was induced by precursor drugs (5-HTP and L-DOPA) in Indian Palm SquirrelFunambulus pennanti during testicular regression phase. This treatment established breeding condition unlike control, which experienced complete atrophy of testes and accessory sex organs.

14 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Results indicate that induced suppression of gonadal function in a fashion similar to seasonal regression leading to non-breeding condition is the consequence of specific phase relationship (8 hr) between serotonergic and dopaminergic activities and not due to Serotonin or dopamine alone.
Abstract: Daily injections of 5-HTP (5-hydroxytryptophan, serotonin precursor) and L-DOPA (L-Dihydroxyphenylalanine, dopamine precursor) given 8 hour apart inhibited normal testicular growth in seasonally breeding Indian Palm Squirrel,Funambuluspennanti leading to complete gonadal atrophy, which was maintained till the end of the study. HCG administration induced higher degree of gonadal development but, when the two treatments (HCG + 8 hr relationship of 5-HTP and L-DOPA) were given simultaneously no significant difference was observed compared to control.

13 citations

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