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Inorganic compound

About: Inorganic compound is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 6894 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 138433 citation(s). The topic is also known as: inorganic chemical compound & inorganic chemicals.

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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A compilation is presented of all published measurements of electron inelastic mean free path lengths in solids for energies in the range 0–10 000 eV above the Fermi level. For analysis, the materials are grouped under one of the headings: element, inorganic compound, organic compound and adsorbed gas, with the path lengths each time expressed in nanometers, monolayers and milligrams per square metre. The path lengths are vary high at low energies, fall to 0.1–0.8 nm for energies in the range 30–100 eV and then rise again as the energy increases further. For elements and inorganic compounds the scatter about a ‘universal curve’ is least when the path lengths are expressed in monolayers, λm. Analysis of the inter-element and inter-compound effects shows that λm is related to atom size and the most accuratae relations are λm = 538E−2+0.41(aE)1/2 for elements and λm=2170E−2+0.72(aE)1/2 for inorganic compounds, where a is the monolayer thickness (nm) and E is the electron energy above the Fermi level in eV. For organic compounds λd=49E−2+0.11E1/2 mgm−2. Published general theoretical predictions for λ, valid above 150 eV, do not show as good correlations with the experimental data as the above relations.

4,300 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Rate constants have been compiled for reactions of various inorganic radicals produced by radiolysis or photolysis, as well as by other chemical means in aqueous solutions. Data are included for the reactions of ⋅CO2 −, ⋅CO3⋅−, O3, ⋅N3, ⋅NH2, ⋅NO2, NO3⋅, ⋅PO32−, PO4⋅2−, SO2⋅ −, ⋅SO3 −, SO4⋅−, ⋅SO5⋅−, ⋅SeO3⋅ −, ⋅(SCN)2⋅ −, ⋅CL2⋅−, ⋅Br2⋅ −, ⋅I2⋅ −, ⋅ClO2⋅, ⋅BrO2⋅, and miscellaneous related radicals, with inorganic and organic compounds.

2,439 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We report calculations of electron inelastic mean free paths (IMFPs) of 50–2000 eV electrons for a group of 14 organic compounds: 26-n-paraffin, adenine, β-carotene, bovine plasma albumin, deoxyribonucleic acid, diphenylhexatriene, guanine, kapton, polyacetylene, poly(butene-1-sulfone), polyethylene, polymethylmethacrylate, polystyrene and poly(2-vinylpyridine). The computed IMFPs for these compounds showed greater similarities in magnitude and in the dependences on electron energy than was found in our previous calculations for groups of elements and inorganic compounds (Papers II and III in this series). Comparison of the IMFPs for the organic compounds with values obtained from our predictive IMFP formula TPP-2 showed systematic differences of ∼40%. These differences are due to the extrapolation of TPP-2 from the regime of mainly high-density elements (from which it had been developed and tested) to the low-density materials such as the organic compounds. We analyzed the IMFP data for the groups of elements and organic compounds together and derived a modified empirical expression for one of the parameters in our predictive IMFP equation. The modified equation, denoted TPP-2M, is believed to be satisfactory for estimating IMFPs in elements, inorganic compounds and organic compounds.

2,207 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 1971
Abstract: This chapter discusses the experimental, theoretical, and empirical correlations between functional organic groups and the infrared spectrum. The application of infrared spectroscopy to the identification of inorganic compounds is less successful. In obtaining infrared spectra of inorganic solids, an experimental complication arises from possible chemical reaction between the inorganic compound and the infrared window material or support medium. The chapter presents many examples of spectra of inorganic compounds in the solid phase. The majority of these compounds are crystalline solids in which the crystallographic unit cell contains several polyatomic ions or molecules. Optical modes called lattice modes of vibration result from the motion of one polyatomic group relative to another within the unit cell. Lattice modes occur in the region 400–10 cm −1 and are characteristic of specific crystal geometry. They are used as fingerprints for an inorganic compound in much the same way as the internal modes of vibration of organic compounds are used in the region 4000–400 cm −1 .

1,547 citations

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