scispace - formally typeset
Topic

Irradiation

About: Irradiation is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 30892 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 379826 citation(s). The topic is also known as: radiation exposure & radiation irradiation.

...read more

Papers
  More

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0969-806X(98)00134-0
Esbaide Adem1, Miguel Avalos-Borja1, D. Carrillo1, M. Vazquez1  +3 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Recycling of polymeric materials is usually accompanied by degradation and deleterious properties. Irradiation crosslinking of recycling low density polyethylene by electron beam and gamma rays could be the solution to improve their properties. This paper presents a comparison on the effects of gamma and electron irradiation on virgin and recycled polyethylene. Their mechanical, thermal and chemical properties were analyzed. VPE samples shown higher crosslinking percentages than RPE samples in all range of doses studied, unirradiated RPE samples had higher values on their tensile properties than VPE. Percentage crystallinity was similar in all range of doses studied.

...read more

Topics: Electron beam processing (56%), Low-density polyethylene (54%), Polyethylene (54%) ...read more

1,534 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.85.2945
R. Snavely1, R. Snavely2, M. H. Key1, S. P. Hatchett1  +17 moreInstitutions (5)
Abstract: An intense collimated beam of high-energy protons is emitted normal to the rear surface of thin solid targets irradiated at 1 PW power and peak intensity 3x10(20) W cm(-2). Up to 48 J ( 12%) of the laser energy is transferred to 2x10(13) protons of energy >10 MeV. The energy spectrum exhibits a sharp high-energy cutoff as high as 58 MeV on the axis of the beam which decreases in energy with increasing off axis angle. Proton induced nuclear processes have been observed and used to characterize the beam.

...read more

Topics: Proton (53%), Beam (structure) (53%), Laser (51%) ...read more

1,390 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.4.000595
Armon McPherson1, George N. Gibson1, H. Jara1, U. Johann1  +4 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Measurements of the vacuum-ultraviolet (<80-nm) radiation produced by intense ultraviolet (248-nm) irradiation (1015–1016 W/cm2) of rare gases have revealed the copious presence of both harmonic radiation and fluorescence from excited levels. The highest harmonic observed was the seventeenth (14.6 nm) in Ne, the shortest wavelength ever produced by that means. Strong fluorescence was seen from ions of Ar, Kr, and Xe, with the shortest wavelengths observed being below 12 nm. Furthermore, radiation from inner-shell excited configurations in Xe, specifically the 4d95s5p → 4d105s manifold of Xe7+ at ~17.7 nm, was detected. These experimental findings, in alliance with other studies concerning multielectron processes, give evidence for a role of electron correlations in a direct nonlinear process of inner-shell excitation.

...read more

Topics: Irradiation (52%), Krypton (52%), Ultraviolet (51%)

1,253 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0969-8043(96)00238-2
H.S. Murrieta1, Eduardo Muñoz1, Esbaide Adem1, Guillermina Burillo1  +2 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Results obtained for electron-irradiated oat, corn and wheat kernels are discussed. The applied irradiation doses were up to 160 kGy. For doses up to approx. 50 kGy the numer of free radicals produced by the irradiation is linear with the absorbed dose; moreover, the decay at room temperature in the dark or in the presence of light is quite similar. These facts point to the possible use of these kernels as dosimeters. An analysis of the free radical decay as a function of time and temperature shows the contribution of at least three types of radicals, whose half-lifes, radiochemical yields and activation energies are given.

...read more

Topics: Irradiation (50%)

1,034 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JP064341W
Abstract: Visible radiation at resonant frequencies is transduced to thermal energy by surface plasmons on gold nanoparticles. Temperature in ≤10-microliter aqueous suspensions of 20-nanometer gold particles irradiated by a continuous wave Ar+ ion laser at 514 nm increased to a maximum equilibrium value. This value increased in proportion to incident laser power and in proportion to nanoparticle content at low concentration. Heat input to the system by nanoparticle transduction of resonant irradiation equaled heat flux outward by conduction and radiation at thermal equilibrium. The efficiency of transducing incident resonant light to heat by microvolume suspensions of gold nanoparticles was determined by applying an energy balance to obtain a microscale heat-transfer time constant from the transient temperature profile. Measured values of transduction efficiency were increased from 3.4% to 9.9% by modulating the incident continuous wave irradiation.

...read more

Topics: Thermal conduction (55%), Heat transfer (54%), Heat flux (53%) ...read more

955 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202240
2021865
20201,001
20191,083
20181,007
2017975

Top Attributes

Show by:

Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

D.K. Avasthi

171 papers, 2.9K citations

D. Kanjilal

140 papers, 1.4K citations

Fouran Singh

135 papers, 1.8K citations

William J. Weber

78 papers, 1.9K citations

Ravi Kumar

65 papers, 1K citations

Network Information
Related Topics (5)
Oxygen

48.1K papers, 1.1M citations

81% related
Argon

23.2K papers, 369.3K citations

80% related
Transmission electron microscopy

32.3K papers, 683.5K citations

79% related
Scanning electron microscope

74.7K papers, 1.3M citations

79% related
Electromagnetic shielding

53.2K papers, 388.8K citations

79% related