About: ISM band is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 2142 publications have been published within this topic receiving 24703 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: A novel fully integrated passive transponder IC with 4.5- or 9.25-m reading distance at 500-mW ERP or 4-W EIRP base-station transmit power, operating in the 868/915-MHz ISM band with an antenna gain less than -0.5 dB.
Abstract: This paper presents a novel fully integrated passive transponder IC with 4.5- or 9.25-m reading distance at 500-mW ERP or 4-W EIRP base-station transmit power, respectively, operating in the 868/915-MHz ISM band with an antenna gain less than -0.5 dB. Apart from the printed antenna, there are no external components. The IC is implemented in a 0.5-/spl mu/m digital two-poly two-metal digital CMOS technology with EEPROM and Schottky diodes. The IC's power supply is taken from the energy of the received RF electromagnetic field with help of a Schottky diode voltage multiplier. The IC includes dc power supply generation, phase shift keying backscatter modulator, pulse width modulation demodulator, EEPROM, and logic circuitry including some finite state machines handling the protocol used for wireless write and read access to the IC's EEPROM and for the anticollision procedure. The IC outperforms other reported radio-frequency identification ICs by a factor of three in terms of required receive power level for a given base-station transmit power and tag antenna gain.
••01 Dec 2015
TL;DR: This work studies the coverage of the recently developed LoRa LPWAN technology via real-life measurements and presents a channel attenuation model derived from the measurement data that can be used to estimate the path loss in 868 MHz ISM band in an area similar to Oulu, Finland.
Abstract: In addition to long battery life and low cost, coverage is one of the most critical performance metrics for the low power wide area networks (LPWAN). In this work we study the coverage of the recently developed LoRa LPWAN technology via real-life measurements. The experiments were conducted in the city of Oulu, Finland, using the commercially available equipment. The measurements were executed for cases when a node located on ground (attached on the roof rack of a car) or on water (attached to the radio mast of a boat) reporting their data to a base station. For a node operating in the 868 MHz ISM band using 14 dBm transmit power and the maximum spreading factor, we have observed the maximum communication range of over 15 km on ground and close to 30 km on water. Besides the actual measurements, in the paper we also present a channel attenuation model derived from the measurement data. The model can be used to estimate the path loss in 868 MHz ISM band in an area similar to Oulu, Finland.
TL;DR: An automated impedance matching (IM) system is proposed to increase the efficiency by matching the resonance frequency of the resonator pair to that of the power source, improving the power transfer efficiency.
Abstract: Recently, a highly efficient midrange wireless transfer technology using electromagnetic resonance coupling has been proposed and has received much attention due to its practical range and efficiency. The resonance frequency of the resonators changes as the gap between the resonators changes. However, when this technology is applied in the megahertz range, the usable frequency is bounded by the industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) band. Therefore, to achieve maximum power transmission efficiency, the resonance frequency has to be fixed within the ISM band. In this paper, an automated impedance matching (IM) system is proposed to increase the efficiency by matching the resonance frequency of the resonator pair to that of the power source. The simulations and experiments verify that the IM circuits can change the resonance frequency to 13.56 MHz (in the ISM band) for different air gaps, improving the power transfer efficiency. Experiments also verified that automated IM can be easily achieved just by observing and minimizing the reflected wave at the transmitting side of the system.
TL;DR: The scope of this work is to give an overview of the security threats and challenges that cognitive radios and cognitive radio networks face, along with the current state-of-the-art to detect the corresponding attacks.
Abstract: With the rapid proliferation of new technologies and services in the wireless domain, spectrum scarcity has become a major concern. The allocation of the Industrial, Medical and Scientific (ISM) band has enabled the explosion of new technologies (e.g. Wi-Fi) due to its licence-exempt characteristic. The widespread adoption of Wi-Fi technology, combined with the rapid penetration of smart phones running popular user services (e.g. social online networks) has overcrowded substantially the ISM band. On the other hand, according to a number of recent reports, several parts of the static allocated licensed bands are under-utilized. This has brought up the idea of the opportunistic use of these bands through the, so-called, cognitive radios and cognitive radio networks. Cognitive radios have enabled the opportunity to transmit in several licensed bands without causing harmful interference to licensed users. Along with the realization of cognitive radios, new security threats have been raised. Adversaries can exploit several vulnerabilities of this new technology and cause severe performance degradation. Security threats are mainly related to two fundamental characteristics of cognitive radios: cognitive capability, and reconfigurability. Threats related to the cognitive capability include attacks launched by adversaries that mimic primary transmitters, and transmission of false observations related to spectrum sensing. Reconfiguration can be exploited by attackers through the use of malicious code installed in cognitive radios. Furthermore, as cognitive radio networks are wireless in nature, they face all classic threats present in the conventional wireless networks. The scope of this work is to give an overview of the security threats and challenges that cognitive radios and cognitive radio networks face, along with the current state-of-the-art to detect the corresponding attacks. In addition, future challenges are addressed.
TL;DR: In this article, a dual-frequency printed dipole rectenna has been developed for the wireless power transmission at 2.45-and 5.8-GHz (industrial-scientific-medical bands).
Abstract: A dual-frequency printed dipole rectenna has been developed for the wireless power transmission at 2.45- and 5.8-GHz (industrial-scientific-medical bands). For operating at dual band, a new uniplanar printed dipole antenna is developed using a coupling method. A GaAs Schottky barrier diode analysis is performed, and a proper device requirement is discussed to have high RF-to-dc conversion efficiencies at both frequencies. A novel coplanar stripline (CPS) low-pass filter integrated with two additional open-ended T-strip CPS bandstop filters effectively block higher order harmonics generated from the diode. The measured conversion efficiencies achieved at free space are 84.4 and 82.7% at 2.45 and 5.8 GHz, respectively.
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