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JWH-081

About: JWH-081 is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 180 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Six cannabimimetic indoles have been identified as adulterants in herbal or chemical products being sold illegally in Japan, with four of the compounds being new as adulterants to our knowledge The identifications were based on analyses using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy The first two compounds were identified as phenylacetyl indoles JWH-251 (2-(2-methylphenyl)-1-(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)ethanone; 1) and its demethyl-methoxylated analog JWH-250 (2-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)ethanone; 2) Compound 2 was identical to that found as an adulterant in the UK and in Germany in 2009 The third compound was naphthoylindole JWH-081 (1-(4-methoxynaphthalenyl)-(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methanone; 3), and the fourth was JWH-073 (1-naphthalenyl(1-butyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methanone; 4), which had been identified as an adulterant in our previous study Two additional compounds were JWH-015 (1-naphthalenyl(2-methyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methanone; 5) and JWH-200 (1-naphthalenyl(1-(2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl)-1H-indol-3-yl)methanone; 6) Compounds 1–4 and 6 were reported to be synthetic cannabinoids with selective affinity for cannabinoid CB1 receptors, while compound 5 was reported to be a selective CB2 receptor agonist causing immunosuppressive effects without psychotropic affects One product contained both CB1 and CB2 receptor agonists in our collection Quantitative analyses of the six cannabimimetic compounds in 20 products revealed that there was large variation in concentrations of the detected compounds among products; for herbal cutting products, the total amounts of these cannabinoids ranged from 26 to 100 mg

123 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This is the first report to identify cannabimimetic compound (1) as a designer drug and to show its binding affinity to cannabinoid receptors.
Abstract: A new cannabimimetic phenylacetylindole (cannabipiperidiethanone, 1) has been found as an adulterant in a herbal product which contains two other known synthetic cannabinoids, JWH-122 and JWH-081, and which is distributed illegally in Japan. The identification was based on analyses using GC-MS, LC-MS, high-resolution MS and NMR. Accurate mass spectrum measurement showed the protonated molecular ion peak of 1 at m/z 377.2233 [M+H]+ and the molecular formula of 1 was C24H29N2O2. Both mass and NMR spectrometric data revealed that 1 was 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-{1-[(1-methylpiperidin-2-yl)methyl]-1H-indol-3-yl}ethanone. Compound 1 has a mixed structure of known cannabimimetic compounds: JWH-250 and AM-2233. Namely, the moiety of phenylacetyl indole and N-methylpiperidin-2-yl-methyl correspond to the structure of JWH-250 and AM-2233, respectively. However, no synthetic, chemical or biological information about 1 has been reported. A binding assay of compound 1 to cannabinoid receptors revealed that 1 has affinity for the CB1 and CB2 (IC50=591, 968 nM, respectively) receptors, and shows 2.3- and 9.4-fold lower affinities than those of JWH-250. This is the first report to identify cannabimimetic compound (1) as a designer drug and to show its binding affinity to cannabinoid receptors.

57 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20112