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About: Kevlar is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 1794 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 30193 citation(s). The topic is also known as: poly-paraphenylene terephthalamide.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This study reports the ballistic penetration performance of a composite material composed of woven Kevlar® fabric impregnated with a colloidal shear thickening fluid (silica particles (450 nm) dispersed in ethylene glycol). The impregnated Kevlar fabric yields a flexible, yet penetration resistant composite material. Fragment simulation projectile (FSP) ballistic penetration measurements at ∼244 m/s have been performed to demonstrate the efficacy of the novel composite material. The results demonstrate a significant enhancement in ballistic penetration resistance due to the addition of shear thickening fluid to the fabric, without any loss in material flexibility. Furthermore, under these ballistic test conditions, the impregnated fabric targets perform equivalently to neat fabric targets of equal areal density, while offering significantly less thickness and more material flexibility. The enhancement in ballistic performance is shown to be associated with the shear thickening response, and possible mechanisms of fabric-fluid interaction during ballistic impact are identified.

720 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This study evaluates the performance of continuous carbon, Kevlar and glass fibre reinforced composites manufactured using the fused deposition modelling (FDM) additive manufacturing technique. The fibre reinforced nylon composites were fabricated using a Markforged Mark One 3D printing system. The mechanical performance of the composites was evaluated both in tension and flexure. The influence of fibre orientation, fibre type and volume fraction on mechanical properties were also investigated. The results were compared with that of both non-reinforced nylon control specimens, and known material property values from literature. It was demonstrated that of the fibres investigated, those fabricated using carbon fibre yielded the largest increase in mechanical strength per fibre volume. Its tensile strength values were up to 6.3 times higher than those obtained with the non-reinforced nylon polymer. As the carbon and glass fibre volume fraction increased so too did the level of air inclusion in the composite matrix, which impacted on mechanical performance. As a result, a maximum efficiency in tensile strength was observed in glass specimen as fibre content approached 22.5%, with higher fibre contents (up to 33%), yielding only minor increases in strength.

328 citations

01 Feb 1993-
Abstract: Chemical and Physical Properties of Kevlar Fiber. Structure and Morphology of Kevlar Fiber. Fabrics of Kevlar Aramid Fiber. Product Applications. Comparison of High Performance Fibers. Index.

314 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Three dimensional (3D) printing is a technique conventionally used to manufacture prototypes. Commercial desktop 3D printers have become available which produce functional 3D printed parts. The MarkOne by Mark Forged manufactures printed structures reinforced with continuous Carbon, Fiberglass or Kevlar fibers. The aim of this study is to evaluate the elastic properties of the fiber reinforced 3D printed structures and predict elastic properties using an Average Stiffness (VAS) method. Samples evaluated in this study were produced by varying the volume fraction of fibers within the 3D printed structures (4.04, 8.08 and 10.1% respectively). The experimentally determined elastic modulus was found to be 1767.2, 6920.0 and 9001.2 MPa for fiber volume fractions of 4.04, 8.08 and 10.1% respectively. The predicted elastic moduli were found to be 4155.7, 7380.0 and 8992.1 MPa. The model results differed from experiments by 57.5, 6.2 and 0.1% for the 4.04, 8.08 and 10.1% fiber volume fractions. The predictive model allows for the elastic properties of fiber reinforced 3D printed parts. The model presented will allow for designers to predict the elastic properties of fiber reinforced 3D printed parts to be used for functional components which require specific mechanical properties.

275 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Han Gi Chae1, Satish Kumar1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This paper traces the historical development of high temperature resistant rigid-rod polymers. Synthesis, fiber processing, structure, properties, and applications of poly(p-phenylene benzobisoxazole) (PBO) fibers have been discussed. After nearly 20 years of development in the United States and Japan, PBO fiber was commercialized with the trade name Zylon® in 1998. Properties of this fiber have been compared with the properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), thermotropic polyester (Vectran®), extended chain polyethylene (Spectra®), p-aramid (Kevlar®), m-aramid (Nomex®), aramid copolymer (Technora®), polyimide (PBI), steel, and the experimental high compressive strength rigid-rod polymeric fiber (PIPD, M5). PBO is currently the highest tensile modulus, highest tensile strength, and most thermally stable commercial polymeric fiber. However, PBO has low axial compressive strength and poor resistance to ultraviolet and visible radiation. The fiber also looses tensile strength in hot and humid environment. In the coming decades, further improvements in tensile strength (10–20 GPa range), compressive strength, and radiation resistance are expected in polymeric fibers. Incorporation of carbon nanotubes is expected to result in the development of next generation high performance polymeric fibers. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 100: 791–802, 2006

266 citations

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