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Lactic acid

About: Lactic acid is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 25222 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 499135 citation(s). The topic is also known as: milk acid & 2-Hydroxypropanoic acid. more


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0021-9258(18)51379-X
S.B. Barker1, William H. Summerson1Institutions (1)
Topics: Lactic acid (50%)

3,382 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/0300-9084(88)90206-4
Todd R. Klaenhammer1Institutions (1)
01 Mar 1988-Biochimie
Abstract: Lactic acid bacteria produce a variety of antagonistic factors that include metabolic end products, antibiotic-like substances and bactericidal proteins, termed bacteriocins. The range of inhibitory activity by bacteriocins of lactic acid bacteria can be either narrow, inhibiting only those strains that are closely related to the producer organism, or wide, inhibiting a diverse group of Gram-positive microorganisms. The following review will discuss biochemical and genetic aspects of bacteriocins that have been identified and characterized from lactic acid bacteria. more

Topics: Bacteriocin (62%), Lactic acid (56%), Bacteria (53%)

1,703 Citations

Open accessJournal Article
Ian F. Tannock1, Daniela RotinInstitutions (1)
15 Aug 1989-Cancer Research
Abstract: Measurement of pH in tissue has shown that the microenvironment in tumors is generally more acidic than in normal tissues. Major mechanisms which lead to tumor acidity probably include the production of lactic acid and hydrolysis of ATP in hypoxic regions of tumors. Further reduction in pH may be achieved in some tumors by administration of glucose (+/- insulin) and by drugs such as hydralazine which modify the relative blood flow to tumors and normal tissues. Cells have evolved mechanisms for regulating their intracellular pH. The amiloride-sensitive Na+/H+ antiport and the DIDS-sensitive Na+-dependent HCO3-/Cl- exchanger appear to be the major mechanisms for regulating pHi under conditions of acid loading, although additional mechanisms may contribute to acid extrusion. Mitogen-induced initiation of proliferation in some cells is preceded by cytoplasmic alkalinization, usually triggered by stimulation of Na+/H+ exchange; proliferation of other cells can be induced without prior alkalinization. Mutant cells which lack Na+/H+ exchange activity have reduced or absent ability to generate solid tumors; a plausible explanation is the failure of such mutant cells to withstand acidic conditions that are generated during tumor growth. Studies in tissue culture have demonstrated that the combination of hypoxia and acid pHe is toxic to mammalian cells, whereas short exposures to either factor alone are not very toxic. This interaction may contribute to cell death and necrosis in solid tumors. Acidic pH may influence the outcome of tumor therapy. There are rather small effects of pHe on the response of cells to ionizing radiation but acute exposure to acid pHe causes a marked increase in response to hyperthermia; this effect is decreased in cells that are adapted to low pHe. Acidity may have varying effects on the response of cells to conventional anticancer drugs. Ionophores such as nigericin or CCCP cause acid loading of cells in culture and are toxic only at low pHc; this toxicity is enhanced by agents such as amiloride or DIDS which impair mechanisms involved in regulation of pHi. It is suggested that acid conditions in tumors might allow the development of new and relatively specific types of therapy which are directed against mechanisms which regulate pHi under acid conditions. more

Topics: Intracellular pH (62%), Antiporter (53%), DIDS (51%) more

1,609 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.TIFS.2003.09.004
Frédéric Leroy1, Luc De Vuyst1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The production of fermented foods is based on the use of starter cultures, for instance lactic acid bacteria that initiate rapid acidification of the raw material. Recently, new starter cultures of lactic acid bacteria with an industrially important functionality are being developed. The latter can contribute to the microbial safety or offer one or more organoleptic, technological, nutritional, or health advantages. Examples are lactic acid bacteria that produce antimicrobial substances, sugar polymers, sweeteners, aromatic compounds, vitamins, or useful enzymes, or that have probiotic properties. more

Topics: Fermentation starter (61%), Lactic acid (57%), Fermentation in food processing (51%) more

1,399 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0168-1605(01)00717-6
Abstract: Antibacterial activities of six chitosans and six chitosan oligomers with different molecular weights (Mws) were examined against four gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Salmonella typhimurium, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus) and seven gram-positive bacteria (Listeria monocytogenes, Bacillus megaterium, B. cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Lactobacillus plantarum, L. brevis, and L. bulgaricus). Chitosans showed higher antibacterial activities than chitosan oligomers and markedly inhibited growth of most bacteria tested although inhibitory effects differed with Mws of chitosan and the particular bacterium. Chitosan generally showed stronger bactericidal effects with gram-positive bacteria than gram-negative bacteria in the presence of 0.1% chitosan. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of chitosans ranged from 0.05% to >0.1% depending on the bacteria and Mws of chitosan. As a chitosan solvent, 1% acetic acid was effective in inhibiting the growth of most of the bacteria tested except for lactic acid bacteria that were more effectively suppressed with 1% lactic or formic acids. Antibacterial activity of chitosan was inversely affected by pH (pH 4.5-5.9 range tested), with higher activity at lower pH value. more

Topics: Gram-positive bacteria (52%), Chitosan (51%), Antibacterial activity (51%) more

1,248 Citations

No. of papers in the topic in previous years

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Marco Gobbetti

66 papers, 5.7K citations

Kenji Sonomoto

41 papers, 1.9K citations

Luc De Vuyst

30 papers, 3.1K citations

Qunhui Wang

20 papers, 352 citations

Carlo Giuseppe Rizzello

16 papers, 1K citations

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