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Langmuir

About: Langmuir is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 22770 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 783643 citation(s).


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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The kinetics and mechanism of methylene blue adsorption on commercial activated carbon (CAC) and indigenously prepared activated carbons from bamboo dust, coconut shell, groundnut shell, rice husk, and straw, have been studied. The effects of various experimental parameters have been investigated using a batch adsorption technique to obtain information on treating effluents from the dye industry. The extent of dye removal increased with decrease in the initial concentration of the dye and particle size of the adsorbent and also increased with increase in contact time, amount of adsorbent used and the initial pH of the solution. Adsorption data were modeled using the Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms and first order kinetic equations. The kinetics of adsorption were found to be first order with regard to intra-particle diffusion rate. The adsorption capacities of indigenous activated carbons have been compared with that of the commercial activated carbon. The results indicate that such carbons could be employed as low cost alternatives to commercial activated carbon in wastewater treatment for the removal of colour and dyes.

1,626 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Based on the adsorption capacity, it was shown that banana peel was more effective than orange peel and intraparticle diffusion of dyes within the particle was identified to be rate limiting.
Abstract: Low-cost banana and orange peels were prepared as adsorbents for the adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions. Dye concentration and pH were varied. The adsorption capacities for both peels decreased in the order methyl orange (MO) > methylene blue (MB) > Rhodamine B (RB) > Congo red (CR) > methyl violet (MV) > amido black 10B (AB). The isotherm data could be well described by the Freundlich and Langmuir equations in the concentration range of 10-120 mg/l. An alkaline pH was favorable for the adsorption of dyes. Based on the adsorption capacity, it was shown that banana peel was more effective than orange peel. Kinetic parameters of adsorption such as the Langergren rate constant and the intraparticle diffusion rate constant were determined. For the present adsorption process intraparticle diffusion of dyes within the particle was identified to be rate limiting. Both peel wastes were shown to be promising materials for adsorption removal of dyes from aqueous solutions.

1,403 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results show that natural zeolites hold great potential to remove cationic heavy metal species from industrial wastewater.
Abstract: In this study, the adsorption behavior of natural (clinoptilolite) zeolites with respect to Co 2+ ,C u 2+ ,Z n 2+ ,a nd Mn 2+ has been studied in order to consider its application to purity metal finishing wastewaters. The batch method has been employed, using metal concentrations in solution ranging from 100 to 400 mg/l. The percentage adsorption and distribution coefficients ( Kd) were determined for the adsorption system as a function of sorbate concentration. In the ion exchange evaluation part of the study, it is determined that in every concentration range, adsorption ratios of clinoptilolite metal cations match to Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin–Kaganer–Radushkevich (DKR) adsorption isotherm data, adding to that every cation exchange capacity metals has been calculated. It was found that the adsorption phenomena depend on charge density and hydrated ion diameter. According to the equilibrium studies, the selectivity sequence can be given as Co 2+ > Cu 2+ > Zn 2+ > Mn 2+ . These results show that natural zeolites hold great potential to remove cationic heavy metal species from industrial wastewater.

1,339 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The adsorption of Congo Red by coir pith carbon was carried out by varying the parameters such as agitation time, dye concentration, adsorbent dose, pH and temperature. Equilibrium adsorption data followed both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. Adsorption followed second-order rate kinetics. The adsorption capacity was found to be 6.7 mg dye per g of the adsorbent. Acidic pH was favourable for the adsorption of Congo Red. Desorption studies suggest that chemisorption might be the major mode of adsorption.

1,261 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Adsorption isotherms in solutions with ionic strengths of 0.01 at 25°C were measured over the arsenite and arsenate concentration range 10−7−10−3 M and the pH range 4–10. At low concentrations, these isotherms obeyed equations of the Langmuir type. At higher concentrations the adsorption isotherms were linear, indicating the existence of more than one type of surface site on the amorphous iron hydroxide adsorbent. Removal of arsenite and arsenate by amorphous iron hydroxide throughout the concentration range were determined as a function of pH. By careful selection of the relative concentration of arsenic and amorphous iron hydroxide and pH, removals on the order of 92% can be achieved.

1,115 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202257
20211,415
20201,338
20191,285
20181,220
20171,383