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About: Lanthanum is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 11844 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 179341 citation(s). The topic is also known as: La & element 57.

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01 Jan 1984
Abstract: Origin of the elements, isotopes and atomic weights Chemical periodicity and the periodic table Hydrogen Lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, caesium and francium Beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium and radium Boron Aluminium, gallium, indium and thallium Carbon Silicon Germanium, tin and lead Nitrogen Phosphorus Arsenic, antimony and bismuth Oxygen Sulfur Selenium, tellurium and polonium The halogens: fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine and astatine The noble gases: helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon Coordination and organometallic compounds Scandium, yttrium, lanthanum and actinium Titanium, zirconium and hafnium Vanadium, niobium and tantalum Chromium, molybdenum and tungsten Manganese, technetium and rhenium Iron, ruthenium and osmium Cobalt, rhodium and iridium Nickel, palladium, and platinum Copper, silver and gold Zinc, cadmium and mercury The lanthanide elements The actinideand transactinide elements (Z=90-112).

6,476 citations

01 Jan 1976
Abstract: FIRST PRINCIPLES Some Preliminaries The Electronic Structure of Atoms Structure and Bonding in Molecules Ionic Solids The Chemistry of Selected Anions Coordination Chemistry Solvents, Solutions, Acids and Bases The Periodic Table and the Chemistry of the Elements THE MAIN GROUP ELEMENTS Hydrogen The Group IA(1) Elements: Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium and Cesium The Group IIA(2) Elements: Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium and Barium Boron The Group IIIB(13) Elements: Aluminum, Gallium, Indium and Thallium Carbon The Group IVB(14) Elements: Silicon, Germanium, Tin and Lead Nitrogen The Group VB(15) Elements: Phosphorus, Arsenic, Antimony and Bismuth Oxygen The Group VIB(16) Elements: Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium and Polonium The Halogens: Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromide and Astatine The Noble Gases Zinc, Cadmium and Mercury THE TRANSITION ELEMENTS Introduction to Transition Elements: Ligand Field Theory The Elements of the First Transition Series The Elements of the Second and Third Transition Series Scandium, Yttrium, Lanthanum and the Lanthanides The Actinide Elements SOME SPECIAL TOPICS Metal Carbonyls and Other Transition Metal Complexes with TT-Acceptor (TT-Acid) Ligands Organometallic Compounds Stoichiometric and Catalytic Reactions of Organometallic Compounds Bio-Inorganic Chemistry Index.

2,090 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The small particle size and the ordered surface nanostep structure of the NiO/NaTaO(3):La photocatalyst powder contributed to the highly efficient water splitting into H(2) and O(2).
Abstract: NiO-loaded NaTaO3 doped with lanthanum showed a high photocatalytic activity for water splitting into H2 and O2 in a stoichiometric amount under UV irradiation. The photocatalytic activity of NiO-loaded NaTaO3 doped with lanthanum was 9 times higher than that of nondoped NiO-loaded NaTaO3. The maximum apparent quantum yield of the NiO/NaTaO3:La photocatalyst was 56% at 270 nm. The factors affecting the highly efficient photocatalytic water splitting were examined by using various characterization techniques. Electron microscope observations revealed that the particle sizes of NaTaO3:La crystals (0.1−0.7 μm) were smaller than that of the nondoped NaTaO3 crystal (2−3 μm) and that the ordered surface nanostructure with many characteristic steps was created by the lanthanum doping. The small particle size with a high crystallinity was advantageous to an increase in the probability of the reaction of photogenerated electrons and holes with water molecules toward the recombination. Transmission electron microsc...

1,413 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Fullerenes with a single lanthanum atom trapped on the inside of the carbon cage were produced by laser vaporization of a lanthanum oxide/graphite composite rod in a flow of argon gas at 1200 °C. When sublimed with C_(60) and C_(70), they formed an air-stable film containing principally LaC_(60), LaC_(70), LaC_(74), and LaC_(82). When dissolved in toluene and exposed to air, LaC_(82) was found to be uniquely stable. Evidence was also obtained for coalescence reactions between these fullerenes at high temperatures to form larger cages with as many as three lanthanum atoms inside. Indications have also been obtained for the successful production of KC_(60), C_(59)B, and KC_(59)B where the boron has substituted for a carbon in the soccerball cage. The use of the @ symbol is advocated for specifying such complex fullerenes as (K@C_(59)B).

1,061 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A study of the core-electron X-ray photoelectron (X-p.e.) spectra of the f0 compounds La2O3, LaMO3(M = Fe and Co), CeO2, and BaCeO3 is described. Results on the chelate species [La(tmhd)3] and [Ce(tmhd)4](tmhd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethylheptane-3,5-dionato) are included for comparison. Special precautions have been taken to ensure an optimal degree of surface purity of the samples. Satellite structure has been observed for the 4p, in addition to the 3d and 4d, signals in both the lanthanum(III) and cerium(IV) compounds. These satellites arc discussed in terms of coexcitations of the charge-transfer type, principally O 2p→ metal 4f transitions. In the cerium(IV) oxides the satellites are apparently due to energy-gain (representing ‘ shake-down ’) rather than energy-loss (shake-up) processes.

762 citations

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