Topic

# Laplace transform

About: Laplace transform is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 17104 publications have been published within this topic receiving 284357 citations.

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01 May 1980

TL;DR: In this article, a spectral perturbation of spectral families and applications to self-adjoint eigenvalue problems are discussed, as well as the Trotter-Kato theorem and related topics.

Abstract: Distributions and Sobolev spaces.- Operators in Banach spaces.- Examples of boundary value problems.- Semigroups and laplace transform.- Homogenization of second order equations.- Homogenization in elasticity and electromagnetism.- Fluid flow in porous media.- Vibration of mixtures of solids and fluids.- Examples of perturbations for elliptic problems.- The Trotter-Kato theorem and related topics.- Spectral perturbation. Case of isolated eigenvalues.- Perturbation of spectral families and applications to selfadjoint eigenvalue problems.- Stiff problems in constant and varialbe domains.- Averaging and two-scale methods.- Generalities and potential method.- Functional methods.- Scattering problems depending on a parameter.

3,337 citations

01 Jan 2015

TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a new definition of fractional derivative with a smooth kernel, which takes on two different representations for the temporal and spatial variable, for which it is more convenient to work with the Fourier transform.

Abstract: In the paper, we present a new definition of fractional deriva tive with a smooth kernel which takes on two different representations for the temporal and spatial variable. The first works on the time variables; thus it is suitable to use th e Laplace transform. The second definition is related to the spatial va riables, by a non-local fractional derivative, for which it is more convenient to work with the Fourier transform. The interest for this new approach with a regular kernel was born from the prospect that there is a class of non-local systems, which have the ability to descri be the material heterogeneities and the fluctuations of diff erent scales, which cannot be well described by classical local theories or by fractional models with singular kernel.

1,972 citations

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TL;DR: It is found possible to define delay time and rise time in such a way that these quantities can be computed very simply from the Laplace system function of the network.

Abstract: When the transient response of a linear network to an applied unit step function consists of a monotonic rise to a final constant value, it is found possible to define delay time and rise time in such a way that these quantities can be computed very simply from the Laplace system function of the network. The usefulness of the new definitions is illustrated by applications to low pass, multi‐stage wideband amplifiers for which a number of general theorems are proved. In addition, an investigation of a certain class of two‐terminal interstage networks is made in an endeavor to find the network giving the highest possible gain—rise time quotient consistent with a monotonic transient response to a step function.

1,693 citations

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01 Jan 2006TL;DR: Fractional calculus (integral and differential operations of noninteger order) is not often used to model biological systems, which is surprising because the methods of fractional calculus, when defined as a Laplace or Fourier convolution product, are suitable for solving many problems in biomedical research.

Abstract: Fractional calculus (integral and differential operations of noninteger order) is not often used to model biological systems. Although the basic mathematical ideas were developed long ago by the mathematicians Leibniz (1695), Liouville (1834), Riemann (1892), and others and brought to the attention of the engineering world by Oliver Heaviside in the 1890s, it was not until 1974 that the first book on the topic was published by Oldham and Spanier. Recent monographs and symposia proceedings have highlighted the application of fractional calculus in physics, continuum mechanics, signal processing, and electromagnetics, but with few examples of applications in bioengineering. This is surprising because the methods of fractional calculus, when defined as a Laplace or Fourier convolution product, are suitable for solving many problems in biomedical research. For example, early studies by Cole (1933) and Hodgkin (1946) of the electrical properties of nerve cell membranes and the propagation of electrical signals are well characterized by differential equations of fractional order. The solution involves a generalization of the exponential function to the Mittag-Leffler function, which provides a better fit to the observed cell membrane data. A parallel application of fractional derivatives to viscoelastic materials establishes, in a natural way, hereditary integrals and the power law (Nutting/Scott Blair) stress-strain relationship for modeling biomaterials. In this review, I will introduce the idea of fractional operations by following the original approach of Heaviside, demonstrate the basic operations of fractional calculus on well-behaved functions (step, ramp, pulse, sinusoid) of engineering interest, and give specific examples from electrochemistry, physics, bioengineering, and biophysics. The fractional derivative accurately describes natural phenomena that occur in such common engineering problems as heat transfer, electrode/electrolyte behavior, and sub-threshold nerve propagation. By expanding the range of mathematical operations to include fractional calculus, we can develop new and potentially useful functional relationships for modeling complex biological systems in a direct and rigorous manner.

1,609 citations