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Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

About: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 5430 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 113618 citation(s). The topic is also known as: LIBS.
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01 Jan 2006-
Abstract: Foreword. Preface. Acronyms, Constants, And Symbol.s 1. History. 1.1 Atomic optical emission spectrochemistry (OES). 1.2 Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). 1.3 LIBS History 1960-1980. 1.4 LIBS History 1980-1990. 1.5 LIBS History 1990-2000. 1.6 Active Areas of Investigation, 2000-2002. References. 2. Basics of the LIBS plasma. 2.1 LIBS plasma fundamentals. 2.2 laser-Induced Breakdown. 2.3 laser ablation. 2.4 double or multiple pulse libs. 2.5 summary. References. 3. Apparatus fundamentals. 3.1 Basic LIBS apparatus. 3.2 Lasers. 3.3 Optical systems. 3.4 Methods of spectral resolution. 3.5 Detectors. 3.6 Detection system calibration. 3.7 Timing considerations. 3.8 Methods of LIBS deployment. References. 4. Determining LIBS analytical figures-of-merit. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Basics of LIBS measurements. 4.3 precision. 4.4 Calibration. 4.5 Detection limit. References. 5. Qualitative LIBS Analysis. 5.1 Identifying elements. 5.2 Material identification. 5.3 Process control. References. 6. Quantitative LIBS Analysis. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Geometric Sampling Parameters. 6.3 Other sampling considerations. 6.4. Particle size. 6.5 use of internal standardization. 6.6 Chemical Matrix effects. 6.7. Example of libs measurement: Impurities in Lithium Solutions. 6.8 Reported figures of merit for LIBS measurements. 6.9 Conclusions. References. Chapter 7. REMOTE LIBS MEASUREMENTS. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Conventional open path LIBS. 7.3 Stand-off LIBS using Femtosecond pulses. 7.4 Fiber optic LIBS. References 8. Examples of recent LIBS fundamental research, instruments and novel applications. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 fundamentals. 8.3 calibration-free LIBS. 8.4 laser and spectrometer advances. 8.5 surface analysis. 8.6 Double pulse studies and applications. 8.7 Steel applications. 8.8 libs for biological applications. 8.9 nuclear reactor applications. 8.10 LIBS for space applications. References. 9. THE FUTURE OF LIBS. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Expanding the understanding and capability of the libs process. 9.3 Widening the universe of libs applications. 9.4 Factors that will speed the commercialization of Libs. 9.5 conclusion. References. APPENDIX A: Safety Considerations in LIBS. A.1. safety plans. A.2 Laser Safety. A.3 Generation of Aerosols. A.4 laser pulse induced ignition. APPENDIX B: LIBS Application Matrix. APPENDIX C: LIBS Detection Limits. C.1 detection limits from the literature. C.2 uniform detection limits. APPENDIX D: Major LIBS References. Index.

1,428 citations

01 Jan 2006-
Abstract: Preface R. Russo and A. W. Miziolek 1. History and fundamentals of LIBS D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski 2. Plasma morphology I. Schechter and V. Bulatov 3. From sample to signal in laser induced breakdown spectroscopy: a complex route to quantitative analysis E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, N. Omenetto, I. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith and J. D. Winefordner 4. Laser induced breakdown in gases: experiments and simulation C. G. Parigger 5. Analysis of aerosols by LIBS U. Panne and D. Hahn 6. Chemical imaging of surfaces using LIBS J. M. Vadillo and J. J. Laserna 7. Biomedical applications of LIBS H. H. Telle and O. Samek 8. LIBS for the analysis of pharmaceutical materials. S. Bechard and Y. Mouget 9. Cultural heritage applications of LIBS D. Anglos and J. C. Miller 10. Civilian and military environmental contamination studies using LIBS J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, V. N. Rai, R. Harmon, S. Beaton, P. French, F. C. DeLucia, Jr., B. Peterson, K. L. McNesby and A. W. Miziolek 11. Industrial applications of LIBS R. Noll, V. Sturm, M. Stepputat, A. Whitehouse, J. Young and P. Evans 12. Resonance-enhanced LIBS N. H. Cheung 13. Short-pulse LIBS: fundamentals and applications R. E. Russo 14. High-speed, high resolution LIBS using diode-pumped solid state lasers H. Bette and R. Noll 15. LIBS using sequential laser pulses J. Pender, B. Pearman, J. Scaffidi, S. R. Goode and S. M. Angel 16. Micro LIBS technique P. Fichet, J-L, Lacour, D. Menut, P. Mauchien, A. Rivoallan, C. Fabre, J. Dubessy and M-C. Boiron 17. New spectral detectors for LIBS M. Sabsabi and V. Detalle 18. Spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy: a description of an electrically-generated LIBS-like process for elemental analysis of airborne particulates and solid samples A. J. R. Hunter and L. G. Piper.

986 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
David W. Hahn1, Nicoló Omenetto1Institutions (1)
TL;DR: The current state-of-the-art of analytical LIBS is summarized, providing a contemporary snapshot of LIBS applications, and highlighting new directions in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, such as novel approaches, instrumental developments, and advanced use of chemometric tools are discussed.
Abstract: The first part of this two-part review focused on the fundamental and diagnostics aspects of laser-induced plasmas, only touching briefly upon concepts such as sensitivity and detection limits and largely omitting any discussion of the vast panorama of the practical applications of the technique. Clearly a true LIBS community has emerged, which promises to quicken the pace of LIBS developments, applications, and implementations. With this second part, a more applied flavor is taken, and its intended goal is summarizing the current state-of-the-art of analytical LIBS, providing a contemporary snapshot of LIBS applications, and highlighting new directions in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, such as novel approaches, instrumental developments, and advanced use of chemometric tools. More specifically, we discuss instrumental and analytical approaches (e.g., double- and multi-pulse LIBS to improve the sensitivity), calibration-free approaches, hyphenated approaches in which techniques such as Raman and fluorescence are coupled with LIBS to increase sensitivity and information power, resonantly enhanced LIBS approaches, signal processing and optimization (e.g., signal-to-noise analysis), and finally applications. An attempt is made to provide an updated view of the role played by LIBS in the various fields, with emphasis on applications considered to be unique. We finally try to assess where LIBS is going as an analytical field, where in our opinion it should go, and what should still be done for consolidating the technique as a mature method of chemical analysis.

961 citations

31 Mar 1996-
Abstract: Introduction.- Absorption and Emission of Light.- Widths and Profiles of Spectral Lines.- Spectroscopic Instrumentation.- Lasers as Spectroscopic Light Sources.- Doppler-Limited Absorption and Fluorescence Spectroscopy with Lasers.- Nonlinear Spectroscopy.- Laser Raman Spectroscopy.- Laser Spectroscopy in Molecular Beams.- Optical Pumping and Double-Resonance Techniques.- Time-Resolved Laser Spectroscopy.- Coherent Spectroscopy.- Laser Spectroscopy of Collision Processes.- New Developments in Laser Spectroscopy.- Applications of Laser Spectroscopy.- References.- Index.

860 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Francisco J. Fortes1, Javier Moros1, P. Lucena1, L.M. Cabalín1  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
TL;DR: Compared to the conventional flame emission spectroscopy, LIBS atomizes only the small portion of the sample by the focused laser pulse, which makes a tiny spark on the sample, and capturing the instant light is a major skill to collect sufficient intensity of the emitting species.
Abstract: ■ CONTENTS General Information: Books, Reviews, and Conferences 640 Fundamentals 641 Interaction of Laser Beam with Matter 641 Factors Affecting Laser Ablation and LaserInduced Plasma Formation 642 Influence of Target on the Laser-Induced Plasmas 642 Influence of Laser Parameters on the LaserInduced Plasmas 643 Laser Wavelength (λ) 643 Laser Pulse Duration (τ) 643 Laser Pulse Energy (E) 645 Influence of Ambient Gas on the Laser-Induced Plasmas 645 LIBS Methods 647 Double Pulse LIBS 647 Femtosecond LIBS 651 Resonant LIBS 652 Ranging Approaches 652 Applications 654 Surface Inspection, Depth Profiling, and LIBS Imaging 654 Cultural Heritage 654 Industrial Analysis 655 Environmental Monitoring 656 Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Analysis 658 Security and Forensics 659 Analysis of Liquids and Submerged Solids 660 Space Exploration and Isotopic Analysis 662 Space Exploration 662 Isotopic Analysis 662 Conclusions and Future Outlook 663 Author Information 664 Corresponding Author 664 Notes 664 Biographies 664 Acknowledgments 664 References 664

787 citations

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