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Lead sulfide

About: Lead sulfide is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1464 publications have been published within this topic receiving 24756 citations.


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Journal ArticleDOI
03 Jun 2014-ACS Nano
TL;DR: In this article, it was shown that the energy levels of lead sulfide QDs, measured by ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, shift by up to 0.9 eV between different chemical ligand treatments.
Abstract: The electronic properties of colloidal quantum dots (QDs) are critically dependent on both QD size and surface chemistry. Modification of quantum confinement provides control of the QD bandgap, while ligand-induced surface dipoles present a hitherto underutilized means of control over the absolute energy levels of QDs within electronic devices. Here, we show that the energy levels of lead sulfide QDs, measured by ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, shift by up to 0.9 eV between different chemical ligand treatments. The directions of these energy shifts match the results of atomistic density functional theory simulations and scale with the ligand dipole moment. Trends in the performance of photovoltaic devices employing ligand-modified QD films are consistent with the measured energy level shifts. These results identify surface-chemistry-mediated energy level shifts as a means of predictably controlling the electronic properties of colloidal QD films and as a versatile adjustable parameter in the perfo...

832 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
30 Jul 2010-Science
TL;DR: Two-dimensional oriented attachment of lead sulfide nanocrystals into ultrathin single-crystal sheets with dimensions on the micrometer scale is reported, found that this process is initiated by cosolvents, which alter nucleation and growth rates during the primary nanocrystal formation, and is finally driven by dense packing of oleic acid ligands on {100} facets of PbS.
Abstract: Controlling anisotropy is a key concept in the generation of complex functionality in advanced materials. For this concept, oriented attachment of nanocrystal building blocks, a self-assembly of particles into larger single-crystalline objects, is one of the most promising approaches in nanotechnology. We report here the two-dimensional oriented attachment of lead sulfide (PbS) nanocrystals into ultrathin single-crystal sheets with dimensions on the micrometer scale. We found that this process is initiated by cosolvents, which alter nucleation and growth rates during the primary nanocrystal formation, and is finally driven by dense packing of oleic acid ligands on {100} facets of PbS. The obtained nanosheets can be readily integrated in a photodetector device without further treatment.

753 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A high surface area pn-heterojunction between TiO2 and an organic p-type charge transport material (spiro-OMeTAD) was sensitized to visible light using lead sulfide (PbS) quantum dots as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: A high surface area pn-heterojunction between TiO2 and an organic p-type charge transport material (spiro-OMeTAD) was sensitized to visible light using lead sulfide (PbS) quantum dots. PbS quantum dots were formed in situ on a nanocrystalline TiO2 electrode using chemical bath deposition techniques.1 The organic hole conductor was applied from solution to form the sensitized heterojunction. The structure of the quantum dots was analyzed using HRTEM technique. Ultrafast laser photolysis experiments suggested the initial charge separation to proceed in the subpicosecond time range. Transient absorption laser spectroscopy revealed that interfacial charge recombination of the initially formed charge carriers is much faster than in comparable dye-sensitized systems.2,3 The sensitized heterojunction showed incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiencies (IPCE) of up to 45% and energy conversion efficiencies under simulated sunlight AM1.5 (10 mW/cm2) of 0.49%.

749 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The protocol is illustrated for the simultaneous detection of three DNA sequences related to the BCRA1 breast-cancer gene in a single sample in connection to magnetic beads bearing the corresponding oligonucleotide probes.
Abstract: Nucleic-acid hybridization assays based on the use of different inorganic-colloid (quantum dots) nanocrystal tracers for the simultaneous electrochemical measurements of multiple DNA targets are described. Three encoding nanoparticles (zinc sulfide, cadmium sulfide, and lead sulfide) are used to differentiate the signals of three DNA targets in connection to stripping-voltammetric measurements of the heavy metal dissolution products. These products yield well-defined and resolved stripping peaks at −1.12 V (Zn), −0.68 V (Cd), and −0.53 V (Pb) at the mercury-coated glassy-carbon electrode (vs Ag/AgCl reference). The position and size of these peaks reflect the identity and level of the corresponding DNA target. The multi-target detection capability is coupled to the amplification feature of stripping voltammetry (to yield femtomole detection limits) and with an efficient magnetic removal of nonhybridized nucleic acids to offer high sensitivity and selectivity. The protocol is illustrated for the simultaneo...

576 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a survey on nano-particles and nanocomposites and the importance of small particle sizes on their optical properties is presented, focusing on results from a laboratory concerning nanocom composites with extremely high or low refractive indices and dichroic nanocomposition and their application in bicolored liquid crystal displays.
Abstract: Upon transmission of visible light through composites comprising of a transparent polymer matrix with embedded particles, the intensity loss by scattering is substantially reduced for particle diameters below 50-100 nm (nanoparticles, nanosized particles). As a consequence, related materials (nanocomposites) have found particular interest in optical studies. The first part of this article deals with a historical survey on nano-particles and nanocomposites and the importance of small particle sizes on their optical properties. The second part focuses on results from our laboratory concerning nanocomposites with extremely high or low refractive indices and dichroic nanocomposites and their application in bicolored liquid crystal displays (LCD). The inorganic colloids required for these studies (lead sulfide, iron sulfides, gold, and silver) were prepared in situ in presence of a polymer or isolated as redispersable metal colloids modified at the surface with a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of an alkanethiol. The nanocomposites themselves were finally obtained by coprecipitation, spin coating, solvent casting or melt extrusion, with poly(ethylene oxide), gelatin, poly(vinyl alcohol) and polyethylene as matrix polymers.

522 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202349
202297
202152
202088
201978
201885