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Linear regulator

About: Linear regulator is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 1271 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 14216 citation(s).
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21 Mar 2005-
Abstract: A high efficiency power converter comprises a boost converter for converting an input voltage to a first voltage on a first output, a buck converter for converting the input voltage to a second voltage on a second output, a linear regulator for converting the first voltage to a third voltage on the second output when the second voltage is lower than a first threshold, and a voltage detector for detecting the input voltage for preventing a reverse current flowing from the second output to the buck converter when the input voltage is lower than a second threshold.

572 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Peter Hazucha1, Tanay Karnik1, B.A. Bloechel1, C. Parsons1  +2 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: We demonstrate a fully integrated linear regulator for multisupply voltage microprocessors implemented in a 90 nm CMOS technology. Ultra-fast single-stage load regulation achieves a 0.54-ns response time at 94% current efficiency. For a 1.2-V input voltage and 0.9-V output voltage the regulator enables a 90 mV/sub P-P/ output droop for a 100-mA load step with only a small on-chip decoupling capacitor of 0.6 nF. By using a PMOS pull-up transistor in the output stage we achieved a small regulator area of 0.008 mm/sup 2/ and a minimum dropout voltage of 0.2 V for 100 mA of output current. The area for the 0.6-nF MOS capacitor is 0.090 mm/sup 2/.

471 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
23 Jul 2007-
Abstract: This paper presents a low-dropout regulator (LDO) for portable applications with an impedance-attenuated buffer for driving the pass device. Dynamically-biased shunt feedback is proposed in the buffer to lower its output resistance such that the pole at the gate of the pass device is pushed to high frequencies without dissipating large quiescent current. By employing the current-buffer compensation, only a single pole is realized within the regulation loop unity-gain bandwidth and over 65deg phase margin is achieved under the full range of the load current in the LDO. The LDO thus achieves stability without using any low-frequency zero. The maximum output-voltage variation can be minimized during load transients even if a small output capacitor is used. The LDO with the proposed impedance-attenuated buffer has been implemented in a 0.35-mum twin-well CMOS process. The proposed LDO dissipates 20-muA quiescent current at no-load condition and is able to deliver up to 200-mA load current. With a 1-muF output capacitor, the maximum transient output-voltage variation is within 3% of the output voltage with load step changes of 200 mA/100 ns.

314 citations

01 Jun 1997-
Abstract: Introduction: the basic ingredients of asymptotic output regulation the computation of the steady-state response highlights of output regulation for linear systems. Output regulation of nonlinear systems: the regulator equations the internal model necessary and sufficient conditions for local output regulation the special case of harmonic exogenus inputs approximate regulation. Existence conditions for regulator equations: linear regulator equations and transmission zeros the zero dynamics of a nonlinear system existence of solutions of the nonlinear regulator equations. Robust output regulation: structurally stable local regulation robust local regulation the special case of systems in triangular form a globally defined error-zeroing invariant manifold semiglobal robust regulation.

294 citations

Earl W. McCune1Institutions (1)
10 Aug 2000-
Abstract: The present invention, generally speaking, provides for high-efficiency power control of a high-efficiency (e.g., hard-limiting or switch-mode) power amplifier in such a manner as to achieve a desired modulation. In one embodiment, the spread between a maximum frequency of the desired modulation and the operating frequency of a switch-mode DC-DC converter is reduced by following the switch-mode converter with an active linear regulator. The linear regulator is designed so as to control the operating voltage of the power amplifier with sufficient bandwidth to faithfully reproduce the desired amplitude modulation wave-form. The linear regulator is further designed to reject variations on its input voltage even while the output voltage is changed in response to an applied control signal. This rejection will occur even though the variations on the input voltage are of commensurate or even lower frequency than that of the controlled output variation. Amplitude modulation may be achieved by directly or effectively varying the operating voltage on the power amplifier while simultaneously achieving high efficiency in the conversion of primary DC power to the amplitude modulated output signal. High efficiency is enhanced by allowing the switch-mode DC-to-DC converter to also vary its output voltage such that the voltage drop across the linear regulator is kept at a low and relatively constant level. Time-division multiple access (TDMA) bursting capability may be combined with efficient amplitude modulation, with control of these functions being combined. In addition, the variation of average output power level in accordance with commands from a communications system may also be combined within the same structure.

265 citations

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