scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Topic

Lipase

About: Lipase is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 23952 publications have been published within this topic receiving 582772 citations. The topic is also known as: lipase.


Papers
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A novel method for determining serum triglycerides, in which an enzymatic hydrolysis replaces the more commonly used saponification procedure, which is simple, rapid, and requires only 50 µl or less of sample.
Abstract: We describe a novel method for determining serum triglycerides, in which an enzymatic hydrolysis replaces the more commonly used saponification procedure. Under the conditions of the assay, the enzymatic hydrolysis can be completed in less than 10 min by the combined action of a microbial lipase and a protease. We have been able to demonstrate complete hydrolysis of triglycerides by thin-layer chromatography of the reaction products, by recovery of glycerol from sera of known triglycerides content, and by comparison of triglyceride assays on a number of sera assayed by our method vs. the AutoAnalyzer procedure. The hydrolysis is directly coupled to the enzymatic determination of glycerol, and is followed through absorbance changes at 340 nm. The assay is simple, rapid, and requires only 50 µl or less of sample. Because the enzymes used do not release glycerol from other compounds in serum, the hydrolysis can be considered specific for triglycerides.

3,113 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this direct colorimetric procedure, serum triglycerides are hydrolyzed by lipase, and the released glycerol is assayed in a reaction catalyzed by glycersol kinase and L-alpha-glycerol-phosphate oxidase in a system that generates hydrogen peroxide.
Abstract: In this direct colorimetric procedure, serum triglycerides are hydrolyzed by lipase, and the released glycerol is assayed in a reaction catalyzed by glycerol kinase and L-alpha-glycerol-phosphate oxidase in a system that generates hydrogen peroxide. The hydrogen peroxide is monitored in the presence of horseradish peroxidase with 3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxybenzenesulfonic acid/4-aminophenazone as the chromogenic system. The high absorbance of this chromogen system at 510 nm affords useful results with a sample/reagent volume ratio as low as 1:150, and a blank sample measurement is not needed. A single, stable working reagent is used; the reaction is complete in 15 min at room temperature. The standard curve is linear for triglyceride concentrations as great as 13.6 mmol/L. Average analytical recovery of triglycerides in human sera is 100.1%, and within-run and between-run precision studies showed CVs of less than or equal to 1.6 and less than or equal to 3.0%, respectively. The method is suitable for automation.

2,758 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters), which is derived from triglycerides by transesterification with methanol, has attracted considerable attention during the past decade as a renewable, biodegradable, and nontoxic fuel.

2,185 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This sensitive chromogen system not only permits use of unusually small sample volumes, it also facilitates a linear response to serum triglyceride concentrations up to at least 10 g/L while displaying good Ringbom (measure of accuracy) characteristics.
Abstract: We describe an enzymatic method for rapid, precise measurement of serum triglycerides with use of sample:reagent ratios as large as 1:200. Hydrolysis of triglycerides is catalyzed by lipase to produce glycerol and free fatty acids. The glycerol generated is then phosphorylated by adenosine 5'-triphosphate in the presence of glycerol kinase. Oxidation of the resulting glycerol 3-phosphate to produce hydrogen peroxide is catalyzed by L-alpha-glycerophosphate oxidase. An intense red chromogen is produced by the peroxidase-catalyzed coupling of 4-aminoantipyrene and sodium 2-hydroxy-3,5-dichlorobenzenesulfonate with hydrogen peroxide. This sensitive chromogen system not only permits use of unusually small sample volumes, it also facilitates a linear response to serum triglyceride concentrations up to at least 10 g/L while displaying good Ringbom (measure of accuracy) characteristics.

1,278 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
22 Feb 1990-Nature
TL;DR: The X-ray structure of the Mucor miehei triglyceride lipase is reported and the atomic model obtained reveals a Ser .. His .. Asp trypsin-like catalytic triad with an active serine buried under a short helical fragment of a long surface loop.
Abstract: True lipases attach triacylglycerols and act at an oil-water interface; they constitute a ubiquitous group of enzymes catalysing a wide variety of reactions, many with industrial potential. But so far the three-dimensional structure has not been reported for any lipase. Here we report the X-ray structure of the Mucor miehei triglyceride lipase and describe the atomic model obtained at 3.1 A resolution and refined to 1.9 A resolution. It reveals a Ser..His..Asp trypsin-like catalytic triad with an active serine buried under a short helical fragment of a long surface loop.

1,149 citations


Network Information
Related Topics (5)
Fatty acid
74.5K papers, 2.2M citations
88% related
Enzyme
32.8K papers, 1.1M citations
88% related
Amino acid
124.9K papers, 4M citations
86% related
Fermentation
68.8K papers, 1.2M citations
83% related
Polyunsaturated fatty acid
35.4K papers, 1.2M citations
82% related
Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023555
20221,232
2021604
2020678
2019672
2018800