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Liquid crystal

About: Liquid crystal is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 100576 publications have been published within this topic receiving 1449858 citations.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the synthesis, characterization, and proposed mechanism of formation of a new family of silicatelaluminosilicate mesoporous molecular sieves designated as M41S is described.
Abstract: The synthesis, characterization, and proposed mechanism of formation of a new family of silicatelaluminosilicate mesoporous molecular sieves designated as M41S is described. MCM-41, one member of this family, exhibits a hexagonal arrangement of uniform mesopores whose dimensions may be engineered in the range of - 15 A to greater than 100 A. Other members of this family, including a material exhibiting cubic symmetry, have ken synthesized. The larger pore M41S materials typically have surface areas above 700 m2/g and hydrocarbon sorption capacities of 0.7 cc/g and greater. A templating mechanism (liquid crystal templating-LCT) in which surfactant liquid crystal structures serve as organic templates is proposed for the formation of these materials. In support of this templating mechanism, it was demonstrated that the structure and pore dimensions of MCM-41 materials are intimately linked to the properties of the surfactant, including surfactant chain length and solution chemistry. The presence of variable pore size MCM-41, cubic material, and other phases indicates that M41S is an extensive family of materials.

10,349 citations

Book
01 Feb 1974
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors define an order parameter statistical theories of the nematic order phenomonological description of the nematic-isotopic mixtures and describe the properties of these mixtures.
Abstract: Part 1 Liquid crystals - main types and properties: introduction - what is a liquid crystal? the building blocks nematics and cholesterics smectics columnar phases more on long-, quasi-long and short-range order remarkable features of liquid crystals. Part 2 Long- and short-range order in nematics: definition of an order parameter statistical theories of the nematic order phenomonological description of the nematic-isotopic mixtures. Part 3 Static distortion in a nematic single crystal: principles of the continuum theory magnetic field effects electric field effects in an insulating nematic fluctuations in the alignment hydrostatics of nematics. Part 4 Defects and textures in nematics: observations disclination lines point disclinations walls under magnetic fields umbilics surface disclinations. Part 5 Dynamical properties of nematics: the equations of "nematodynamics" experiments measuring the Leslie co-efficients convective instabilities under electric fields molecular motions. Part 6 Cholesterics: optical properties of an ideal helix agents influencing the pitch dynamical properties textures and defects in cholesterics. Part 7 Smectics: symmetry of the main smectic phases continuum description of smectics A and C remarks on phase and precritical phenomena.

9,683 citations

Book
26 Nov 1998
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a comprehensive overview of the properties and properties of complex fluids and their properties in terms of physics, chemistry, physics theory, and physics of complex fluid properties.
Abstract: Part I: Fundamentals 1. Introduction to Complex Fluids 1.3 Rheological Measurements and Properties 1.4 Kinematics and Stress 1.5 Flow, Slip, and Yield 1.6 Structural Probes of Complex Fluids 1.7 Computational Methods 1.8 The Stress Tensor 1.9 Summary 2. Basic Forces 2.1 Intoduction 2.3 Van der Waals Interactions 2.4 Electrostatic Interactions 2.5 Hydrogen-Bonding, Hydrophobic, and Other Interactions 2.6 Summary Part II: Polymers, Glassy Liquids, and Polymer Gels 3. Polymers 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Equilibrium Properties 3.3 Intrinsic Viscosity and Overlap Concentration 3.4 Elementary Molecular Theories 3.5 Linear Viscoelasticity and Time-Temperature Superposition 3.6 The Rheology of Dilute Polymer Solutions 3.7 The Rheology of Entangled Polymers 3.8 Summary 4. Glassy Liquids 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Phenomenology of the Glass Transition 4.3 Free-Volume Theories 4.4 Entropy Theories 4.5 Nonlinear Relaxation and Aging 4.6 Mode-Coupling Theory and Colloidal Hard-Sphere Glasses 4.7 Analog Models 4.8 Rheology of Glassy Liquids 4.9 Summary 5. Polymer Gels 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Gelation Theoies 5.3 Rheology of Chemical Gels and Near-Gels 5.4 Rheology of Physical Gels 5.5 Summary Part III: Suspensions 6. Particulate Suspensions 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Hard, and Slightly Deformable Spheres 6.3 Nonspherical Particles 6.4 Electrically Charged Particles 6.5 Particles in Viscoelastic Liquids: "Filled Melts" 6.6 Summary 7. Particulate Gels 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Particle Interactions in Suspensions 7.3 Rheology of Particulate Gels 7.4 Summary 8. Electro- and Magneto-Responsive Suspensions 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Electrorheological Fluids 8.3 Magnetorheological Fluids 8.4 Ferrofluids 8.5 Summary 9. Foams, Emulsions, and Blends 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Emulsion Preparation 9.3 Rheology of Emulsions and Immiscible Blends 9.4 Structure and Coarsening of Foams 9.5 Rheology of Foams 9.6 Summary Part IV: Liquid Crystals and Self-Assembling Fluids 10. Liquid Crystals 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Nematics 10.3 Cholesterics: Chiral Nemantics 10.4 Smectics 10.5 Summary 11. Liquid Crystalline Polymers 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Molecular Characteristics of Liquid Crystalline Polymers 11.3 Flow Properties of Nematic LCP's 11.4 Molecular Dynamics of Polymeric Nematics 11.5 Molecular Theory for the Rheology of Polymeric Nematics 11.6 Summary 12. Surfactant Solutions 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Methods of Predicting Microstructures 12.3 Disordered Micellar Solutions 12.4 Surfactant Liquid Crystals 12.5 Summary 13. Block Copolymers 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Thermodynamics of Block Copolymers 13.3 Rheology and Shear-Aligning of Block Copolymers 13.4 Summary Appendix: Momentum-Balance Equations in the Absence of Inertia

3,840 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Ferroelectric smectic C (FSC) liquid crystals are used in a simple new geometry that allows the spontaneous formation of either of two surface-stabilized smective C monodomains of opposite ferroelectric polarization as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Ferroelectric smectic C (FSC) liquid crystals are used in a simple new geometry that allows the spontaneous formation of either of two surface‐stabilized smectic C monodomains of opposite ferroelectric polarization. These domains are separated by well‐defined walls which may be manipulated with an applied electric field. The resulting electro‐optic effects exhibit a unique combination of properties: microsecond dynamics, threshold behavior, symmetric bistability, and a large electro‐optic response.

2,312 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 2014
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe the story of the recent developments and the future perspectives in physics of liquid crystals, especially focusing on the contributions by Japanese research groups for the last decade, and present new subjects unmentioned in the book.
Abstract: Over the 100 years since its discovery, liquid crystals have been the intriguing subject for both academia and industries. The textbook of de Gennes The Physics of Liquid Crystals published in 1974 is still the bible for many LC researchers, but new subjects unmentioned in the book have also risen for these years. This chapter describes the story of the recent developments and the future perspectives in physics of liquid crystals, especially focusing on the contributions by Japanese research groups for the last decade.

2,005 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023964
20222,060
20211,507
20202,079
20192,668
20182,799