About: Liquid metal is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 6947 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 77785 citation(s). The topic is also known as: liquid alloy & liquid metal alloy.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The possibilities for manufacturing metal foams or other porous metallic structures are reviewed in this article, where various manufacturing processes are classified according to the state of matter in which the metal is processed, such as solid, liquid, gaseous or ionised.
Abstract: The possibilities for manufacturing metal foams or other porous metallic structures are reviewed. The various manufacturing processes are classified according to the state of matter in which the metal is processed — solid, liquid, gaseous or ionised. Liquid metal can be foamed directly by injecting gas or gas-releasing blowing agents, or by producing supersaturated metal–gas solutions. Indirect methods include investment casting, the use of space-holding filler materials or melting of powder compacts which contain a blowing agent. If inert gas is entrapped in powder compacts, a subsequent heat treatment can produce cellular metals even in the solid state. The same holds for various sintering methods, metal powder slurry foaming, or extrusion and sintering of polymer/powder mixtures. Finally, electro-deposition or metal vapour deposition also allow for the production of highly porous metallic structures. The various ways for characterising the properties of cellular metals are reviewed in second section of this paper. Non-destructive as well as destructive methods are described. Finally, the various application fields for cellular metals are discussed. They are divided into structural and functional applications and are treated according to their relevance for the different industrial sectors.
01 Jan 1988
TL;DR: A comprehensive survey of theories, empirical relations and experimental data on the physical properties of liquid metals can be found in this paper, where the authors give a comprehensive overview of liquid metal properties.
Abstract: Virtually all metals are produced by a process involving a liquid stage. The microstructure, and hence macroscopic properties of the final solid metal, are heavily influenced by the properties of the liquid metal. A proper understanding of liquid metal properties is also essential for the efficient management of refining and alloying processes. This book gives a comprehensive survey of theories, empirical relations and experimental data on the physical properties of liquid metals.
06 May 1966-Physical Review
TL;DR: In this article, the authors used the known solution of the Percus-Yevick equation for this model to give a simple closed form for $a(K)$ (the liquid structure factor) which depends only on the effective packing density of the fluid.
Abstract: Ion-ion repulsion in a liquid metal is regarded as the principal factor determining the ionic arrangement. This interaction is idealized in a hard-sphere model; the known solution of the Percus-Yevick equation for this model gives a simple closed form for $a(K)$ (the liquid structure factor) which depends only on the effective packing density of the fluid. This fact enables us to make an estimate for the resistivities of most liquid metals for which model potentials are available. Agreement with experiment is generally good, particularly when the potential is known to be accurate. The sensitivity of the resistivity to the depth of the model potential well is indicated.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe the rheological behavior of the liquid metal eutectic gallium-indium (EGaIn) as it is injected into microfluidic channels to form stable microstructures of liquid metal.
Abstract: This paper describes the rheological behavior of the liquid metal eutectic gallium-indium (EGaIn) as it is injected into microfluidic channels to form stable microstructures of liquid metal. EGaIn is well-suited for this application because of its rheological properties at room temperature: it behaves like an elastic material until it experiences a critical surface stress, at which point it yields and flows readily. These properties allow EGaIn to fill microchannels rapidly when sufficient pressure is applied to the inlet of the channels, yet maintain structural stability within the channels once ambient pressure is restored. Experiments conducted in microfluidic channels, and in a parallel-plate rheometer, suggest that EGaIn’s behavior is dictated by the properties of its surface (predominantly gallium oxide, as determined by Auger measurements); these two experiments both yield approximately the same number for the critical surface stress required to induce EGaIn to flow (~0.5 N/m). This analysis–which shows that the pressure that must be exceeded for EGaIn to flow through a microchannel is inversely proportional to the critical (i.e., smallest) dimension of the channel–is useful to guide future fabrication of microfluidic channels to mold EGaIn into functional microstructures.
01 Sep 2013-Advanced Materials
TL;DR: This paper describes a method to direct-write 3D liquid metal microcomponents at room temperature capable of printing wires, arrays of spheres, arches, and interconnects.
Abstract: This paper describes a method to direct-write 3D liquid metal microcomponents at room temperature. The thin oxide layer on the surface of the metal allows the formation of mechanically stable structures strong enough to stand against gravity and the large surface tension of the liquid. The method is capable of printing wires, arrays of spheres, arches, and interconnects.
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