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Living anionic polymerization

About: Living anionic polymerization is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1628 publications have been published within this topic receiving 40649 citations.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: 1. Multifunctional Initiators.
Abstract: 1. Multifunctional Initiators. 3749 2. Multifunctional Linking Agents 3751 3. Use of Difunctional Monomers 3754 B. Star−Block Copolymers 3754 C. Functionalized Stars 3755 1. Functionalized Initiators 3755 2. Functionalized Terminating Agents 3756 D. Asymmetric Stars 3757 1. Molecular Weight Asymmetry 3757 2. Functional Group Asymmetry 3760 3. Topological Asymmetry 3761 E. Miktoarm Star Polymers 3761 1. Chlorosilane Method 3761 2. Divinylbenzene Method 3766 3. Diphenylethylene Derivative Method 3766 4. Synthesis of Miktoarm Stars by Other Methods 3770

1,196 citations

Reference BookDOI
15 Mar 1996
TL;DR: Anionic and living polymerization: Living polymerization - definitions, consequences and criteria general aspects of anionic polymerization are discussed in this paper, where anionic synthesis of polymers with well-defined structures is discussed.
Abstract: Part 1 Structure and bonding in carbanionic compounds: structure of carbanions and organometallic compounds stabilities of carbanionic species ion pairs, free ions and stereochemistry in carbanionic chemistry. Part 2 Introduction to anionic and living polymerization: living polymerization - definitions, consequences and criteria general aspects of anionic polymerization. Part 3 Kinetics and mechanism in anionic polymerization: initiation reactions in anionic polymerization - kinetics of addition of organolithium compounds to vinyl monomer propagation reactions - kinetics and mechanism for styrenes and dienes in hydrocarbon solvents with lithium as counterion termination and chain transfer reactions stereochemistry of polymerization copolymerization. Part 4 Anionic synthesis of polymers with well-defined structures: functionalized polymers and macromonomers block copolymers star polymers graft copolymers. Part 5 Commercial applications of anionically prepared polymers: commercial applications of anionically polymerized products - an overview polydiene rubbers styrene-diene rubbers styrenic thermoplastic elastomers applications of styrenic thermoplastic rubbers in plastics modifications, adhesives and footwear clear impact-resistant polystyrene nonfunctional telechelic prepolymers. Part 6 Polar monomers: anionic polymerization of methyl methacrylate and related polar monomers block polymers prepared via anionic ring-opening polymerization.

1,000 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of living and controlled/living methodologies for the synthesis of polymers with different macromolecular architectures is presented in this paper, along with a few representative examples.
Abstract: The discovery of living anionic polymerization by Szwarc 50 years ago opened the way to the synthesis of model polymers. This ground-breaking discovery inspired many researchers to develop controlled/living routes for a plethora of monomers including those not compatible with anionic polymerization. These methods and their combinations serve as an arsenal for the synthesis of well-defined polymeric materials with predetermined properties and a rich variety of applications. A few representative examples of living and controlled/living methodologies for the synthesis of polymers with different macromolecular architectures are presented in this review.

571 citations

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