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Local government

About: Local government is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 29203 publications have been published within this topic receiving 334779 citations. The topic is also known as: local authority.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: G. Stoker and D. King as mentioned in this paper have published two books: Rethinking Local Democracy and Privatisation of Urban Services in Europe, 1996 and 1997, respectively.
Abstract: Science in the Department of Government, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G1 1XQ, UK, email: G.stokerK strathclyde.ac.uk His main research interests are in local government, urban politics, and cross-national policy transfer. Between 1992 and 1997 he was Director of the ESRC Local Governance Research Programme. He has authored or edited over a dozen books. His two most recent publications are: Rethinking Local Democracy, 1996 (edited with D. King) and The Privatisation of Urban Services in Europe, 1997 (edited with D. Lorrain). Governance as theory: five propositions

2,868 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Li et al. as discussed by the authors proposed a special type of institutionalized decentralization that the authors call "federalism, Chinese style" which fosters competition, not only in product markets, but also among local governments for labor and foreign capital.
Abstract: China's remarkable economic success rests on a foundation of political reform providing a considerable degree of credible commitment to markets. This reform reflects a special type of institutionalized decentralization that the authors call “federalism, Chinese style.” This form of decentralization has three consequences. First, it fosters competition, not only in product markets, but also among local governments for labor and foreign capital. This competition, in turn, encourages local government experimentation and learning with new forms of enterprises, regulation, and economic relationships. Second, it provides incentives for local governments to promote local economic prosperity. Finally, it provides a significant amount of protection to local governments and their enterprises from political intrusion by the central government.

1,204 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: This paper found evidence that a large portion of the effect of homeownership on these investments may come from lower mobility rates for homeowners, and that areas with more homeowners have lower government spending, but spend a larger share of their government budget on education and highways.
Abstract: Individuals invest in their local environments by volunteering, getting involved in local government, becoming informed about their political leaders, joining non-professional organizations and even gardening. Homeownership may encourage these investments because homeownership gives individuals an incentive to improve their community and because homeownership creates barriers to mobility. Using the U.S. General Social Survey document that homeowners are more likely to invest in social capital, and a simple instrumental variables strategy suggests that the relationship may be causal. While our results are not conclusive, we find evidence that a large portion of the effect of homeownership on these investments may come from lower mobility rates for homeowners. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel homeownership and citizenship controlling for individual fixed effects. Finally, across cities and counties, areas with more homeowners have lower government spending, but spend a larger share of their government budget on education and highways.

1,200 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Jean C. Oi1
TL;DR: The authors analyzes the incentives that have led to the development of local state corporatism and rapid rural industrialization, and describes the ways in which local governments coordinate economic activity and reallocate revenues from industrial production.
Abstract: In the 1980s fiscal reform in China provided localities with strong incentives and a heightened capacity to pursue industrial growth. As a result, local governments have responded vigorously to economic reform, managing rural collective-owned enterprises as diversified corporations, with local officials performing the role of a board of directors. This article analyzes the incentives that have led to the development of this form of local state corporatism and rapid rural industrialization, and it describes the ways in which local governments coordinate economic activity and reallocate revenues from industrial production. These developments are important for two reasons: they show that local government involvement in the economy does not necessarily decline with the expansion of market coordination; and they offer a successful model of reform that serves as a counterpoint to privatization proposals.

1,141 citations

05 Nov 2008
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the role of planning in supporting the Government's wider social, environmental, and economic objectives and for sustainable communities, and present a survey of the key roles played by planning.
Abstract: Planning shapes the places where people live and work and the country we live in. It plays a key role in supporting the Government's wider social, environmental and economic objectives and for sustainable communities. Copyright in the typographical arrangement rests with the Crown. This publication, excluding logos, may be reproduced free of charge in any format or medium for research, private study or for internal circulation within an organisation. This is subject to it being reproduced accurately and not used in a misleading context. The material must be acknowledged as Crown copyright and the title of the publication specified.

1,016 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20251
20242
2023892
20222,186
2021950
20201,204