Topic

# Logic level

About: Logic level is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 7316 publications have been published within this topic receiving 76517 citations. The topic is also known as: Active Low.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

More filters

••

ETH Zurich

^{1}TL;DR: This paper shows that complementary CMOS is the logic style of choice for the implementation of arbitrary combinational circuits if low voltage, low power, and small power-delay products are of concern.

Abstract: Recently reported logic style comparisons based on full-adder circuits claimed complementary pass-transistor logic (CPL) to be much more power-efficient than complementary CMOS. However, new comparisons performed on more efficient CMOS circuit realizations and a wider range of different logic cells, as well as the use of realistic circuit arrangements demonstrate CMOS to be superior to CPL in most cases with respect to speed, area, power dissipation, and power-delay products. An implemented 32-b adder using complementary CMOS has a power-delay product of less than half that of the CPL version. Robustness with respect to voltage scaling and transistor sizing, as well as generality and ease-of-use, are additional advantages of CMOS logic gates, especially when cell-based design and logic synthesis are targeted. This paper shows that complementary CMOS is the logic style of choice for the implementation of arbitrary combinational circuits if low voltage, low power, and small power-delay products are of concern.

911 citations

•

01 Jan 2002TL;DR: A set of logic gates and flip-flops needed for cryptographic functions and compared those to Static Complementary CMOS implementations to protect security devices such as smart cards against power attacks are built.

Abstract: To protect security devices such as smart cards against power attacks, we propose a dynamic and differential CMOS logic style. The logic operates with a power consumption independent of both the logic values and the sequence of the data. Consequently, it will not reveal the sensitive data in a device. We have built a set of logic gates and flip-flops needed for cryptographic functions and compared those to Static Complementary CMOS implementations.

589 citations

••

IBM

^{1}TL;DR: A differential CMOS Logic family that is well suited to automated logic minimization and placement and routing techniques, yet has comparable performance to conventional CMOS, will be described.

Abstract: A differential CMOS Logic family that is well suited to automated logic minimization and placement and routing techniques, yet has comparable performance to conventional CMOS, will be described. A CMOS circuit using 10,880 NMOS differential pairs has been developed using this approach.

539 citations

••

TL;DR: The IMPLY logic gate, a memristor-based logic circuit, is described and a methodology for designing this logic family is proposed, based on a general design flow suitable for all deterministic memristive logic families.

Abstract: Memristors are novel devices, useful as memory at all hierarchies. These devices can also behave as logic circuits. In this paper, the IMPLY logic gate, a memristor-based logic circuit, is described. In this memristive logic family, each memristor is used as an input, output, computational logic element, and latch in different stages of the computing process. The logical state is determined by the resistance of the memristor. This logic family can be integrated within a memristor-based crossbar, commonly used for memory. In this paper, a methodology for designing this logic family is proposed. The design methodology is based on a general design flow, suitable for all deterministic memristive logic families, and includes some additional design constraints to support the IMPLY logic family. An IMPLY 8-bit full adder based on this design methodology is presented as a case study.

526 citations