Topic

# Lyapunov exponent

About: Lyapunov exponent is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 17089 publications have been published within this topic receiving 373258 citations. The topic is also known as: Lyapunov characteristic exponent.

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors present the first algorithms that allow the estimation of non-negative Lyapunov exponents from an experimental time series, which provide a qualitative and quantitative characterization of dynamical behavior.

Abstract: We present the first algorithms that allow the estimation of non-negative Lyapunov exponents from an experimental time series. Lyapunov exponents, which provide a qualitative and quantitative characterization of dynamical behavior, are related to the exponentially fast divergence or convergence of nearby orbits in phase space. A system with one or more positive Lyapunov exponents is defined to be chaotic. Our method is rooted conceptually in a previously developed technique that could only be applied to analytically defined model systems: we monitor the long-term growth rate of small volume elements in an attractor. The method is tested on model systems with known Lyapunov spectra, and applied to data for the Belousov-Zhabotinskii reaction and Couette-Taylor flow.

8,128 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the correlation exponent v is introduced as a characteristic measure of strange attractors which allows one to distinguish between deterministic chaos and random noise, and algorithms for extracting v from the time series of a single variable are proposed.

Abstract: We study the correlation exponent v introduced recently as a characteristic measure of strange attractors which allows one to distinguish between deterministic chaos and random noise. The exponent v is closely related to the fractal dimension and the information dimension, but its computation is considerably easier. Its usefulness in characterizing experimental data which stem from very high dimensional systems is stressed. Algorithms for extracting v from the time series of a single variable are proposed. The relations between the various measures of strange attractors and between them and the Lyapunov exponents are discussed. It is shown that the conjecture of Kaplan and Yorke for the dimension gives an upper bound for v. Various examples of finite and infinite dimensional systems are treated, both numerically and analytically.

5,239 citations

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10 Sep 1993

TL;DR: In this article, the authors give bounds on the number of degrees of freedom and the dimension of attractors of some physical systems, including inertial manifolds and slow manifolds.

Abstract: Contents: General results and concepts on invariant sets and attractors.- Elements of functional analysis.- Attractors of the dissipative evolution equation of the first order in time: reaction-diffusion equations.- Fluid mechanics and pattern formation equations.- Attractors of dissipative wave equations.- Lyapunov exponents and dimensions of attractors.- Explicit bounds on the number of degrees of freedom and the dimension of attractors of some physical systems.- Non-well-posed problems, unstable manifolds. lyapunov functions, and lower bounds on dimensions.- The cone and squeezing properties.- Inertial manifolds.- New chapters: Inertial manifolds and slow manifolds the nonselfadjoint case.

5,038 citations

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01 Jan 1997TL;DR: Using nonlinear methods when determinism is weak, as well as selected nonlinear phenomena, is suggested to be a viable alternative to linear methods.

Abstract: Part I. Basic Concepts: 1. Introduction: why nonlinear methods? 2. Linear tools and general considerations 3. Phase space methods 4. Determinism and predictability 5. Instability: Lyapunov exponents 6. Self-similarity: dimensions 7. Using nonlinear methods when determinism is weak 8. Selected nonlinear phenomena Part II. Advanced Topics: 9. Advanced embedding methods 10. Chaotic data and noise 11. More about invariant quantities 12. Modeling and forecasting 13. Chaos control 14. Other selected topics Appendix 1. Efficient neighbour searching Appendix 2. Program listings Appendix 3. Description of the experimental data sets.

4,019 citations

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TL;DR: It is shown that the regularity properties of the Lyapunov function and those of the settling-time function are related and converse Lyap Unov results can only assure the existence of continuous Lyap unov functions.

Abstract: Finite-time stability is defined for equilibria of continuous but non-Lipschitzian autonomous systems. Continuity, Lipschitz continuity, and Holder continuity of the settling-time function are studied and illustrated with several examples. Lyapunov and converse Lyapunov results involving scalar differential inequalities are given for finite-time stability. It is shown that the regularity properties of the Lyapunov function and those of the settling-time function are related. Consequently, converse Lyapunov results can only assure the existence of continuous Lyapunov functions. Finally, the sensitivity of finite-time-stable systems to perturbations is investigated.

3,894 citations