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Magnesium

About: Magnesium is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 58303 publications have been published within this topic receiving 757032 citations. The topic is also known as: Mg & element 12.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Magnesium is the lightest of all metals used as the basis for constructional alloys and it is this property which entices automobile manufacturers to replace denser materials, not only steels, cast irons and copper base alloys but even aluminium alloys by magnesium based alloys as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Magnesium is the lightest of all metals used as the basis for constructional alloys. It is this property which entices automobile manufacturers to replace denser materials, not only steels, cast irons and copper base alloys but even aluminium alloys by magnesium based alloys. The requirement to reduce the weight of car components as a result in part of the introduction of legislation limiting emission has triggered renewed interest in magnesium. The growth rate over the next 10 years has been forecast to be 7% per annum. A wider use of magnesium base alloys necessitates several parallel programs. These can be classified as alloy development, process development/improvement and design considerations. These will be discussed briefly and followed by some examples of the increasing uses of magnesium and future trends.

4,026 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a number of experiments have been conducted in order to study the equilibria between olivine and basaltic liquids and to try and understand the conditions under which OIVINE will crystallize.
Abstract: A number of experiments have been conducted in order to study the equilibria between olivine and basaltic liquids and to try and understand the conditions under which olivine will crystallize. These experiments were conducted with several basaltic compositions over a range of temperature (1150-1300 ° C) and oxygen fugacity (10-°.~s-10 -12 arm.) at one atmosphere total pressure. The phases in these experimental runs were analyzed with the electron microprobe and a number of empirical equations relating the composition of olivine and liquid were determined. The distribution coefficient o, (X~o/ (Xreo) K/~- i'~-Liq \ O1 t-XFeoJ (X~go) relating the partioning of iron and magnesium between olivine and liquid is equal to 0.30 and is independent of temperature. This means that the composition of olivine can be used to determine the magnesium to ferrous iron ratio of the liquid from which it crystallized and conversely to predict the olivine composition which would crystallize from a liquid having a particular magnesium to ferrous iron ratio. A model (saturation surface) is presented which can be used to estimate the effective solubility of olivine in basaltic melts as a fune¢ioa of temperature. This model is useful in predicting the temperature at which olivine and a liquid of a particular composition can coexist at equilibrium.

2,543 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the state of the art in coating and surface modification technologies, applied to magnesium-based substrates for improved corrosion and wear resistance, are discussed, including electrochemical plating, conversion coatings, anodizing, gas phase deposition processes, laser surface alloying/cladding and organic coatings.

2,240 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: There is a strong rationale that in this research model, high magnesium ion concentration could lead to bone cell activation, and metallic implants made of magnesium alloys degrade in vivo depending on the composition of the alloying elements.

2,078 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a detailed review of the corrosion mechanisms of magnesium alloys is presented, and the basis for the design of new alloys with improved corrosion properties is provided for improving the corrosion properties.
Abstract: The high strength to weight ratio of magnesium alloys makes them extremely attractive for applications in transport or aerospace technology. However, their corrosion behavior is a major issue and one reason why they are still not as popular as aluminum alloys. This papers reviews the corrosion mechanisms of magnesium and provides the basis for the design of new alloys with improved corrosion properties.

1,922 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20231,715
20223,552
20211,121
20201,767
20192,246
20182,483