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Topic

Magnetic shape-memory alloy

About: Magnetic shape-memory alloy is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 6160 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 132576 citation(s). The topic is also known as: FSMA & ferromagnetic shape memory alloy.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The magnetic properties of Fe‐Si‐B‐M (M: additives) alloys prepared by annealing amorphous alloys made by the single roller method over their crystallization temperature have been investigated for development of new Fe‐based soft magnetic alloys. Excellent soft magnetic properties were obtained by adding the two elements Cu and Nb to Fe‐Si‐B alloys. It was found that these new alloys, called ‘‘FINEMET,’’ have an ultrafine grain structure composed of bcc Fe solid solution. They are suitable for many kinds of magnetic components such as saturable reactors, choke coils, and transformers, because they have superior soft magnetic properties and a high saturation flux density, and because different types of B‐H hysteresis loops are obtained by magnetic field annealing.

2,759 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Strains of nearly 0.2% have been induced along [001] in unstressed crystals of Ni2MnGa with magnetic fields of 8 kOe applied at 265 K. These stains are associated with the superelastic motion of twin boundaries in the martensitic phase that is stable below about 274 K.

2,308 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
T. R. McGuire1, R. Potter1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The anisotropic magnetoresistance effect in 3d transition metals and alloys is reviewed. This effect, found in ferromagnets, depends on the orientation of the magnetization with respect to the electric current direction in the material. At room temperature, the anisotropic resistance in alloys of Ni-Fe and Ni-Co can be greater than 5%. The theoretical basis takes into account spin orbit coupling and d band splitting. Other properties such as permeability, magnetostriction, and Hall voltage have no simple relationship to magnetoresistance. Anisotropic magnetoresistance has an important use as a magnetic field detector for digital recording and magnetic bubbles. Such detectors because of their small size are fabricated using thin film technology. Film studies show that thickness, grain size, and deposition parameters play a significant role in determining the percentage change in magnetoresistance. In general, the change is smaller in films than bulk materials. Several tables and graphs that list bulk and film data are presented.

1,449 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Ryosuke Kainuma1, Y. Imano1, Wataru Ito1, Yuji Sutou1  +7 moreInstitutions (2)
23 Feb 2006-Nature
TL;DR: The magnetic-field-induced shape recovery of a compressively deformed NiCoMnIn alloy is reported, attributing this deformation behaviour to a reverse transformation from the antiferromagnetic (or paramagnetic) martensitic to the ferromagnetic parent phase in the Ni45Co5Mn36.7In13.3 single crystal.
Abstract: Large magnetic-field-induced strains1 have been observed in Heusler alloys with a body-centred cubic ordered structure and have been explained by the rearrangement of martensite structural variants due to an external magnetic field1,2,3. These materials have attracted considerable attention as potential magnetic actuator materials. Here we report the magnetic-field-induced shape recovery of a compressively deformed NiCoMnIn alloy. Stresses of over 100 MPa are generated in the material on the application of a magnetic field of 70 kOe; such stress levels are approximately 50 times larger than that generated in a previous ferromagnetic shape-memory alloy4. We observed 3 per cent deformation and almost full recovery of the original shape of the alloy. We attribute this deformation behaviour to a reverse transformation from the antiferromagnetic (or paramagnetic) martensitic to the ferromagnetic parent phase at 298 K in the Ni45Co5Mn36.7In13.3 single crystal.

1,442 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
19 Jun 2003-Nature
TL;DR: It is shown that magnetic exchange coupling induced at the interface between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic systems can provide an extra source of anisotropy, leading to magnetization stability.
Abstract: Interest in magnetic nanoparticles has increased in the past few years by virtue of their potential for applications in fields such as ultrahigh-density recording and medicine. Most applications rely on the magnetic order of the nanoparticles being stable with time. However, with decreasing particle size the magnetic anisotropy energy per particle responsible for holding the magnetic moment along certain directions becomes comparable to the thermal energy. When this happens, the thermal fluctuations induce random flipping of the magnetic moment with time, and the nanoparticles lose their stable magnetic order and become superparamagnetic. Thus, the demand for further miniaturization comes into conflict with the superparamagnetism caused by the reduction of the anisotropy energy per particle: this constitutes the so-called 'superparamagnetic limit' in recording media. Here we show that magnetic exchange coupling induced at the interface between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic systems can provide an extra source of anisotropy, leading to magnetization stability. We demonstrate this principle for ferromagnetic cobalt nanoparticles of about 4 nm in diameter that are embedded in either a paramagnetic or an antiferromagnetic matrix. Whereas the cobalt cores lose their magnetic moment at 10 K in the first system, they remain ferromagnetic up to about 290 K in the second. This behaviour is ascribed to the specific way ferromagnetic nanoparticles couple to an antiferromagnetic matrix.

1,386 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202210
202142
202047
201943
201882
2017208