About: Magnetorheological elastomer is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 883 publications have been published within this topic receiving 17277 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Magnetorheological (MR) fluids, foams and elastomers comprise a class of smart materials whose rheological properties may be controlled by the application of an external magnetic field.
TL;DR: In this paper, a quasi-static, one-dimensional model is developed that examines the mechanical and magnetic properties of magnetorheological materials, and the model attempts to account for magnetic nonlinearities and saturation by establishing a mechanism by which magnetic flux density is distributed within the composite material.
Abstract: Magnetorheological materials are a class of smart materials whose rheological properties may be rapidly varied by application of a magnetic field These materials typically consist of micron-sized ferrous particles dispersed in a fluid or an elastomer A quasi-static, one-dimensional model is developed that examines the mechanical and magnetic properties of magnetorheological materials This model attempts to account for magnetic non-linearities and saturation by establishing a mechanism by which magnetic flux density is distributed within the composite material Experimental evidence of the viscoelastic behaviour and magnetic properties of magnetorheological fluids and elastomers suggests that the assumptions made in the model development are reasonable It is shown that the model is semi-empirical in that it must be fit to the experimental data by adjusting a parameter that accounts for unmodelled magnetic interactions
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a state-of-the-art review on the recent progress of magnetorheological elastomer technology, with special emphasis on the research and development of MR elastomers and their applications.
Abstract: During the last few decades, magnetorheological (MR) elastomers have attracted a significant amount of attention for their enormous potential in engineering applications. Because they are a solid counterpart to MR fluids, MR elastomers exhibit a unique field-dependent material property when exposed to a magnetic field, and they overcome major issues faced in magnetorheological fluids, e.g. the deposition of iron particles, sealing problems and environmental contamination. Such advantages offer great potential for designing intelligent devices to be used in various engineering fields, especially in fields that involve vibration reduction and isolation. This paper presents a state of the art review on the recent progress of MR elastomer technology, with special emphasis on the research and development of MR elastomer devices and their applications. To keep the integrity of the knowledge, this review includes a brief introduction of MR elastomer materials and follows with a discussion of critical issues involved in designing magnetorheological elastomer devices, i.e. operation modes, coil placements and principle fundamentals. A comprehensive review has been presented on the research and development of MR elastomer devices, including vibration absorbers, vibration isolators, base isolators, sensing devices, and so on. A summary of the research on the modeling mechanical behavior for both the material and the devices is presented. Finally, the challenges and the potential facing magnetorheological elastomer technology are discussed, and suggestions have been made based on the authors’ knowledge and experience.
TL;DR: In this paper, a quasi-static dipole model is presented to examine the magnetoviscoelastic effect of these elastomer composites and the model is semi-empirical in that it may be fit to experimental data over a broad range of applied magnetic fields.
Abstract: The mechanical response of elastomer composites to applied magnetic fields is examined. These elastomer composites consist of carbonyl iron particles embedded within a molded elastomer matrix. The composite is subjected to a strong magnetic field during curing, which causes the iron particles to form columnar structures that are parallel to the applied field. This special composite geometry is known to enhance the mechanical response to the application of post-cured magnetic fields. Experimental data is presented that shows that up to a 0.6 MPa change in mechanical shear modulus (which represents 30-40% change in modulus for the materials tested) is possible in response to an applied magnetic field for a composite containing 30% (V/V) iron particles. A simple quasi-static dipole model is presented to examine the magnetoviscoelastic effect of these elastomer composites. The model is semi-empirical in that it may be fit to experimental data over a broad range of applied fields by adjusting a parameter that ...
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors used finite element analysis to show that the shear modulus of typical elastomers is about 50% of the zero-field modulus at saturation and the optimum particle volume fraction for the largest fractional change in modulus is predicted to be 27%.
Abstract: Magnetorheological elastomers consist of natural or synthetic rubber filled with micron-sized magnetizable particles. During curing of the elastomer, an applied magnetic field aligns the particles into chains. The shear modulus of the resulting cured material is sensitive to magnetic fields of several kOe magnitude. Such sensitivity to magnetic field makes these materials attractive for applications in automotive mounting components. At large fields (magnetic induction B>1 T), the Fe particles are completely magnetized or saturated. Calculations using finite element analysis show that for typical elastomers the increase in shear modulus due to interparticle magnetic forces at saturation is about 50% of the zero-field modulus. The optimum particle volume fraction for the largest fractional change in modulus at saturation is predicted to be 27%. Calculations of the zero-field shear modulus perpendicular to the chain axis indicate that it does not exceed the modulus of a filled elastomer with randomly disper...
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