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Mangifera

About: Mangifera is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 2747 publications have been published within this topic receiving 35502 citations. The topic is also known as: the mango genus.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Mangiferin, detected at high concentrations in young leaves, in bark, and in old leaves (Itamaraka = 94 g/kg), shows an exceptionally strong antioxidant capacity.
Abstract: The contents of secondary plant substances in solvent extracts of various byproducts (barks, kernels, peels, and old and young leaves) in a range of Brazilian mango cultivars were identified and quantitated. The results show that the profiles of secondary plant substances such as xanthone C-glycosides, gallotannins, and benzophenones in different byproducts vary greatly but are fairly consistent across cultivars. The free radical scavenging activity of the solvent extracts was evaluated using a high-performance liquid chromatography-based hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase assay and revealed dose-dependent antioxidant capacity in all extracts. Four (mangiferin, penta-O-galloyl-glucoside gallic acid, and methyl gallate) of the major phenolic compounds detected were also evaluated in additional in vitro bioassay systems such as oxygen radical absorbance capacity, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, and ferric reducing ability of plasma. Mangiferin in particular, detected at high concentrations in young leaves (Coite ...

370 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is indicated this herb should be studied more extensively to confirm these results and reveal other potential therapeutic effects, and clinical trials using mango for a variety of conditions should also be conducted.
Abstract: Mangifera indica, commonly used herb in ayurvedic medicine. Although review articles on this plant are already published, but this review article is presented to compile all the updated information on its phytochemical and pharmacological activities, which were performed widely by different methods. Studies indicate mango possesses antidiabetic, anti-oxidant, anti-viral, cardiotonic, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory properties. Various effects like antibacterial, anti fungal, anthelmintic, anti parasitic, anti tumor, anti HIV, antibone resorption, antispasmodic, antipyretic, antidiarrhoeal, antiallergic, immunomodulation, hypolipidemic, anti microbial, hepatoprotective, gastroprotective have also been studied. These studies are very encouraging and indicate this herb should be studied more extensively to confirm these results and reveal other potential therapeutic effects. Clinical trials using mango for a variety of conditions should also be conducted.

321 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the volatile components of 20 mango cultivars were investigated by means of simultaneous distillation-extraction, GC, and GC-MS, and three hundred and seventy-two compounds were identified, of which 180 were found for the first time in mango fruit.
Abstract: The volatile components of 20 mango cultivars were investigated by means of simultaneous distillation-extraction, GC, and GC-MS. Three hundred and seventy-two compounds were identified, of which 180 were found for the first time in mango fruit. The total concentration of volatiles was approximately 18-123 mg/kg of fresh fruit. Terpene hydrocarbons were the major volatiles of all cultivars, the dominant terpenes being delta-3-carene (cvs. Haden, Manga amarilla, Macho, Manga blanca, San Diego, Manzano, Smith, Florida, Keitt, and Kent), limonene (cvs. Delicioso, Super Haden, Ordonez, Filipino, and La Paz), both terpenes (cv. Delicia), terpinolene (cvs. Obispo, Corazon, and Huevo de toro), and alpha-phellandrene (cv. Minin). Other qualitative and quantitative differences among the cultivars could be demonstrated.

319 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the profile of flavonol-O -glycosides and xanthone-C -Glycosides was characterized in pulps from Haden, Tommy Atkins, Palmer, and Uba mango varieties by LC-ESI-MS analysis.
Abstract: Phenolic compounds and antioxidant activities of four mango varieties cultivated in Brazil were analyzed. The profile of flavonol- O -glycosides and xanthone- C -glycosides was characterized in pulps from Haden, Tommy Atkins, Palmer, and Uba cultivars and in the agro-industrial residues from Uba variety by LC–ESI–MS analysis. The first three varieties were collected from conventional production, whereas Uba was obtained from organic production. The total phenolic content of the peels and seed kernel extracts was analyzed utilizing Folin-Ciocalteu’s reagent. The aqueous-methanolic extracts of pulp, peel and seed kernels were analyzed for antioxidant activity (AA) by free radical-scavenging and reducing power. A total of 12 flavonoids and xanthones were identified in the pulps, peels and seed kernels, with larger amounts of these compounds being present in the organically grown Uba variety. The Uba mango pulp presented higher AA and the peel and seed kernel extracts showed higher AA than did a commercial standard.

315 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Modern biotechnological approaches are paving the way for healthy propagation and rapid multiplication of valuable geno types and improved plants, which augment advantages such as non-seasonal, almost year-round production and conservation of germplasm for better international exchange.
Abstract: Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is commercially the most important fruit crop of India, accounting for > 54% of the total mango produced worldwide. Over 30 different varieties of mango are grown, the most important one is Alphonso, which is rated best in the world. It is known for its strong aroma, intense peel coloration, delicious taste, and high nutritive value (due to its high content of vitamin C, β-carotene and minerals). The chemical composition of mango pulp varies with the location of cultivation, variety, and stage of maturity. There is an increase from 1 to 14% in the starch content during fruit development, and towards the end of maturity, both reducing and non-reducing sugars are found to be increasing. The fruit ripening process involves a series of physiological, biochemical, and organoleptic changes that lead to the development of a soft, edible, ripe fruit with desirable qualities. Ethylene, a plant growth hormone, regulates many aspects of fruit development and cell metabolism, including ini...

313 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023229
2022460
2021126
2020164
2019160
2018142