Abstract: The construction and the fundamental studies of a repetitive flash x‐ray generator having a simple diode with an energy‐selective function are described. This generator consisted of the following components: a constant high‐voltage power supply, a high‐voltage pulser, a repetitive high‐energy impulse switching system, a turbo molecular pump, and a flash x‐ray tube. The circuit of this pulser employed a modified two‐stage surge Marx generator with a capacity during main discharge of 425pF. The x‐ray tube was of the demountable‐diode type which was connected to the turbo molecular pump and consisted of the following major devices: a rod‐shaped anode tip made of tungsten, a disk cathode made of graphite, an aluminum filter, and a tube body made of glass. Two condensers inside of the pulser were charged from 40 to 60 kV, and the output voltage was about 1.9 times the charging voltage. The peak tube voltage was primarily determined by the anode‐cathode (A‐C) space, and the peak tube current was less than 0.6 kA. The peak tube voltage slightly increased when the charging voltage was increased, but the amount of change rate was small. Thus, the maximum photon energy could be easily controlled by varying the A‐C space. The pulse width ranged from 40 to 100 ns, and the x‐ray intensity was less than 1.0 μC/kg at 0.3 m per pulse. The repetitive frequency was less than 50 Hz, and the effective focal spot size was determined by the diameter of the anode tip and ranged from 0.5 to 3.0 mm in diameter.