About: Melampsora is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 400 publications have been published within this topic receiving 7573 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
10 May 2011
TL;DR: The dramatic upregulation of transcripts coding for SSPs, secreted hydrolytic enzymes, and transporters in planta suggests that they play a role in host infection and nutrient acquisition.
TL;DR: This work uses the Linum marginale—Melampsora lini plant‐pathogen system and a hierarchical spatial structure to investigate patterns of local adaptation within a metapopulation characterised by epidemic dynamics and frequent extinction of pathogen populations.
Abstract: The potential for local adaptation between pathogens and their hosts has generated strong theoretical and empirical interest with evidence both for and against local adaptation reported for a range of systems. We use the Linum marginale-Melampsora lini plant-pathogen system and a hierarchical spatial structure to investigate patterns of local adaptation within a metapopulation characterised by epidemic dynamics and frequent extinction of pathogen populations. Based on large sample sizes and comprehensive cross-inoculation trials, our analyses demonstrate strong local adaptation by Melampsora to its host populations, with this effect being greatest at regional scales, as predicted from the broader spatial scales at which M. lini disperses relative to L. marginale. However, there was no consistent trend for more distant pathogen populations to perform more poorly. Our results further show how the coevolutionary interaction between hosts and pathogens can be influenced by local structure such that resistant hosts select for generally virulent pathogens, while susceptible hosts select for more avirulent pathogens. Empirically, local adaptation has generally been tested in two contrasting ways: (1) pathogen performance on sympatric versus allopatric hosts; and (2) sympatric versus allopatric pathogens on a given host population. In situations where no host population is more resistant or susceptible than others when averaged across pathogen populations (and likewise, no pathogen population is more virulent or avirulent than others), results from these tests should generally be congruent. We argue that this is unlikely to be the case in the metapopulation situations that predominate in natural host-pathogen interactions, thus requiring tests that control simultaneously for variation in plant and pathogen populations.
TL;DR: Analysis of published data of the Solanum:Phytopthora and Linum:Melampsora systems proved that gene-for-gene relationships are in fact operative in these systems and that Flor's hypothesis—that for each specific locus in the host determining resistance and susceptibility there is a specific and related loci in the parasite which determines virulence and avirulence—is correct.
Abstract: Theoretical consideration of the origin of gene-for-gene relationships led to the conclusion that such relationships, postulated by Flor for the Linum:Melampsora system, should occur as a general r
TL;DR: This study demonstrates the diversity of responses of phytophages in response to interspecific hybridization, and support for the Additive hypothesis, Dominance hypothesis, and Hybrid Susceptibility hypothesis is found.
Abstract: We studied the morphology, molecular genetics, and hebivory of two species of willows (Salix sericea and S. eriocephala) and their interspecific hybrids to test four alternative hypotheses concerning the effects of hybridization on plant resistance. Individually marked plants were identified using morphological traits in the field and measurements of stipule and leaf pubescence were made and compared using Canonical Discriminant Function Analysis. DNA was extracted from the leaves of a sample of the marked plants and RAPD-PCR analysis was performed to establish the genetic status of parental and hybrid plants. RAPD band analysis generally verified the genetic status of parental plants. Hybrid plants were usually correctly identified in the field with a few exceptions. However, the hybrid plants were a heterogeneous group of plants made up of most plants that appear to be F1s and a few plants that appear to be backcrosses to S. sericea. Morphological variables were useful for distinguishing S. sericea from S. eriocephala and hybrids, but were not as dependable in distinguishing between S. eriocephala and hybrids. We compared the densities of 11 herbivore species and the infection by a leaf rust pathogen (Melampsora sp.) on the leaves and stems of two parents and the hybrids in the field. We found support for the Additive hypothesis (3 species), the Dominance hypothesis (2 species) and the Hybrid Susceptibility hypothesis (7 species, 6 herbivores and the Melampsora rust). We found no evidence for the Hybrid Resistance hypothesis. Guild membership was not a good predictor of similar responses of species to hybrid versus parental plants. A Canonical Discriminant Function Analysis showed discrete separation of the taxa based on herbivore densities, illustrating different community structures on hybrid and parental plants. This study demonstrates the diversity of responses of phytophages in response to interspecific hybridization.
TL;DR: The predicted warming would be favourable to most of the studied species, especially those for which winter survival is a limiting factor linked to low temperatures, and for species such as Mycosphaerella pini, the favourable effect of warming will be counterbalanced by the negative effect of a decrease in summer rainfall, leading to a stable or decreased impact of these pathogens by the end of the century.
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to explore possible effects of climate change on the geographic range or local impact of several forest-pathogenic fungi. To this aim, (i) the parameters of species' responses to climatic variables were determined, in two types of models (specific statistical models and the generic model CLIMEX); (ii) these models were used to make simulations under a future climatic scenario based on a general circulation model of climate, which was regionalized over France. A range of pathogens commonly reported in Europe were studied: Melampsora larici-populina, Melampsora allii-populina, and Melampsora medusae, causal agents of poplar rust; Mycosphaerella pini, an agent of red-band disease of pines; Melampsora pinitorqua, an agent of pine-twisting rust; Cryphonectria parasitica, an agent of chestnut blight; Phytophthora cinnamomi, causal agent of ink disease on European chestnut (Castanea sativa) and oaks; and Sphaeropsis sapinea and Biscogniauxia mediterranea, which are opportunistic ...
Related Topics (5)