About: Membrane protein is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 30216 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1742089 citation(s). The topic is also known as: membrane protein & membrane protein of cell.
19 Jan 2001-Journal of Molecular Biology
TL;DR: A new membrane protein topology prediction method, TMHMM, based on a hidden Markov model is described and validated, and it is discovered that proteins with N(in)-C(in) topologies are strongly preferred in all examined organisms, except Caenorhabditis elegans, where the large number of 7TM receptors increases the counts for N(out)-C-in topologies.
Abstract: We describe and validate a new membrane protein topology prediction method, TMHMM, based on a hidden Markov model. We present a detailed analysis of TMHMM's performance, and show that it correctly predicts 97-98 % of the transmembrane helices. Additionally, TMHMM can discriminate between soluble and membrane proteins with both specificity and sensitivity better than 99 %, although the accuracy drops when signal peptides are present. This high degree of accuracy allowed us to predict reliably integral membrane proteins in a large collection of genomes. Based on these predictions, we estimate that 20-30 % of all genes in most genomes encode membrane proteins, which is in agreement with previous estimates. We further discovered that proteins with N(in)-C(in) topologies are strongly preferred in all examined organisms, except Caenorhabditis elegans, where the large number of 7TM receptors increases the counts for N(out)-C(in) topologies. We discuss the possible relevance of this finding for our understanding of membrane protein assembly mechanisms. A TMHMM prediction service is available at http://www.cbs.dtu.dk/services/TMHMM/.
23 Oct 1987-Science
TL;DR: Together, the adhesion proteins and their receptors constitute a versatile recognition system providing cells with anchorage, traction for migration, and signals for polarity, position, differentiation, and possibly growth.
Abstract: Rapid progress has been made in the understanding of the molecular interactions that result in cell adhesion. Many adhesive proteins present in extracellular matrices and in the blood contain the tripeptide arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) as their cell recognition site. These proteins include fibronectin, vitronectin, osteopontin, collagens, thrombospondin, fibrinogen, and von Willebrand factor. The RGD sequences of each of the adhesive proteins are recognized by at least one member of a family of structurally related receptors, integrins, which are heterodimeric proteins with two membrane-spanning subunits. Some of these receptors bind to the RGD sequence of a single adhesion protein only, whereas others recognize groups of them. The conformation of the RGD sequence in the individual proteins may be critical to this recognition specificity. On the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane, the receptors connect the extracellular matrix to the cytoskeleton. More than ten proved or suspected RGD-containing adhesion-promoting proteins have already been identified, and the integrin family includes at least as many receptors recognizing these proteins. Together, the adhesion proteins and their receptors constitute a versatile recognition system providing cells with anchorage, traction for migration, and signals for polarity, position, differentiation, and possibly growth.
01 Oct 1986-
TL;DR: This paper discusses the physical properties of polypeptides, the structure of which has been determined Crystallographically to High Resolution and its role in the biosynthesis of Proteins.
Abstract: Chemical Properties of Polypeptides Biosynthesis of Proteins Evolutionary and Genetic Origins of Protein Sequences Physical Interactions that Determine the Properties of Proteins Conformational Properties of Polypeptide Chains The Folded Conformations of Globular Proteins Proteins in Solution and in Membranes Interactions with Other Molecules Enzyme Catalysis Degradation Appendix: References to Protein Structures Determined Crystallographically to High Resolution
01 Jan 1991-
TL;DR: Part 1 BASIC STRUCTURAL PRINCIPLES: The Building Blocks and Motifs of Protein Structure and Part 2 STRUCTURE, FUNCTION and ENGINEERING: Structure, Function and Engineering.
Abstract: PART 1 BASIC STRUCTURAL PRINCIPLES 1. The Building Blocks 2. Motifs of Protein Structure 3. alpha-Domain Structures 4. alpha/ss Structures 5. ss Structures 6. Folding and Flexibility 7. DNA Structures PART 2 STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND ENGINEERING 8. DNA Recognition in Procaryotes by Helix-Turn-Helix Motifs 9. DNA Recognition by Eukaryotic Transcription Factors 10. Specific Transcription Factors Belong to a Few Families 11. An Example of Enzyme Catalysis: Serine Proteinases 12. Membrane Proteins 13. Signal Transduction 14. Fibrous Proteins 15. Recognition of Foreign Molecules by the Immune System 16. The Structure of Spherical Viruses 17. Prediction, Engineering, and Design of Protein Structures 18. Determination of Protein Structures
07 Feb 1992-Cell
TL;DR: It is shown that a protein with a glycosylphosphatidyl inositol (GPI) anchor can be recovered from lysates of epithelial cells in a low density, detergent-insoluble form, supporting the model proposed by Simons and colleagues for sorting of certain membrane proteins to the apical surface after intracellular association with glycosphingolipids.
Abstract: We show that a protein with a glycosylphosphatidyl inositol (GPI) anchor can be recovered from lysates of epithelial cells in a low density, detergent-insoluble form. Under these conditions, the protein is associated with detergent-resistant sheets and vesicles that contain other GPI-anchored proteins and are enriched in glycosphingolipids, but do not contain a basolateral marker protein. The protein is recovered in this complex only after it has been transported to the Golgi complex, suggesting that protein-sphingolipid microdomains form in the Golgi apparatus and plasma membrane and supporting the model proposed by Simons and colleagues for sorting of certain membrane proteins to the apical surface after intracellular association with glycosphingolipids.