Topic

# Mereotopology

About: Mereotopology is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 161 publications have been published within this topic receiving 8759 citations.

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01 Jan 1992

TL;DR: An interval logic for reasoning about space is described, which supports a simpler ontology, has fewer functions and relations, yet does not su er in terms of its useful expressiveness.

Abstract: We describe an interval logic for reasoning about space. The logic simpli es an earlier theory developed by Randell and Cohn, and that of Clarke upon which the former was based. The theory supports a simpler ontology, has fewer de ned functions and relations, yet does not su er in terms of its useful expressiveness. An axiomatisation of the new theory and a comparison with the two original theories is given.

2,210 citations

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TL;DR: A novel theory of topological spatial relations between sets is developed in which the relations are defined in terms of the intersections of the boundaries and interiors of two sets, and it is shown that these relations correspond to some of the standard set theoretical andTopological spatial Relations between sets such as equality, disjointness and containment in the interior.

Abstract: Practical needs in geographic information systems (GIS) have led to the investigation of formal and sound methods of describing spatial relations. After an introduction to the basic ideas and notions of topology, a novel theory of topological spatial relations between sets is developed in which the relations are defined in terms of the intersections of the boundaries and interiors of two sets. By considering empty and non-empty as the values of the intersections, a total of sixteen topological spatial relations is described, each of which can be realized in R 2. This set is reduced to nine relations if the sets are restricted to spatial regions, a fairly broad class of subsets of a connected topological space with an application to GIS. It is shown that these relations correspond to some of the standard set theoretical and topological spatial relations between sets such as equality, disjointness and containment in the interior.

1,541 citations

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01 Jan 1987

TL;DR: In this article, Simons surveys and criticizes previous theories, especially the standard extensional view, and proposes a more adequate account which encompasses both temporal and modal considerations in detail, and shows that mereology, the formal theory of part and whole, is essential to ontology.

Abstract: The relationship of part to whole is one of the most fundamental there is, yet until now there has been no full-length study of this concept. This book shows that mereology, the formal theory of part and whole, is essential to ontology. Peter Simons surveys and criticizes previous theories, especially the standard extensional view, and proposes a more adequate account which encompasses both temporal and modal considerations in detail. This has far-reaching consequences for our understanding of such classical philosophical concepts as identity, individual, class, substance and accident, matter, form, essence, dependence, and integral whole. It also enables the author to offer new solutions to longstanding problems surrounding these concepts, such as the Ship of Theseus Problem and the issue of mereological essentialism. The author shows by his use of formal techniques that classical philosophical problems are amenable to rigorous treatment, and the book represents a synthesis of issues and methods from the analytical tradition and from the older continental realist tradition of Brentano and the early Husserl. The book is aimed at philosophers, logicians, and linguists.

1,082 citations

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28 Aug 1991TL;DR: A new formalism is presented to reason about topological relations based upon the nine intersections of boundaries, interiors, and complements between two objects that is applicable as a foundation for an algebra over topological Relations.

Abstract: A new formalism is presented to reason about topological relations. It is applicable as a foundation for an algebra over topological relations. The formalism is based upon the nine intersections of boundaries, interiors, and complements between two objects. Properties of topological relations are determined by analyzing the nine intersections to detect, for instance, symmetric topological relations and pairs of converse topological relations. Based upon the standard rules for the transitivity of set inclusion, the intersections of the composition of two binary topological relations are determined. These intersections are then matched with the intersections of the eight fundamental topological relations, giving an interpretation to the composition of topological relations.

650 citations

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01 Jan 1999

TL;DR: Casati and Achille C. Varzi as mentioned in this paper address some of the fundamental issues in the philosophy of spatial representation and propose a unified framework for spatial representation understood quite broadly as a theory of the representation of spatial entities.

Abstract: Thinking about space is thinking about spatial things. The table is on the carpet; hence the carpet is under the table. The vase is in the box; hence the box is not in the vase. But what does it mean for an object to be somewhere? How are objects tied to the space they occupy? In this book Roberto Casati and Achille C. Varzi address some of the fundamental issues in the philosophy of spatial representation. Their starting point is an analysis of the interplay between mereology (the study of part/whole relations), topology (the study of spatial continuity and compactness), and the theory of spatial location proper. This leads to a unified framework for spatial representation understood quite broadly as a theory of the representation of spatial entities. The framework is then tested against some classical metaphysical questions such as: Are parts essential to their wholes? Is spatial co-location a sufficient criterion of identity? What (if anything) distinguishes material objects from events and other spatial entities? The concluding chapters deal with applications to topics as diverse as the logical analysis of movement and the semantics of maps.

332 citations