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Metal

About: Metal is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 21084 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 484137 citation(s). The topic is also known as: metals.
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Journal ArticleDOI
25 Apr 1997-Catalysis Today
Abstract: The adsorption properties and reactivities of gold are summarized in terms of their size dependency from bulk to fine particles, clusters and atoms. The catalytic performances of gold markedly depend on dispersion, supports, and preparation methods. When gold is deposited on select metal oxides as hemispherical ultra-fine particles with diameters smaller than 5 run, it exhibits surprisingly high activities and/or selectivities in the combustion of CO and saturated hydrocarbons, the oxidation-decomposition of amines and organic halogenated compounds, the partial oxidation of hydrocarbons, the hydrogenation of carbon oxides, unsaturated carbonyl compounds, alkynes and alkadienes, and the reduction of nitrogen oxides. The unique catalytic nature of supported gold can be explained by assuming that the gold-metal oxide perimeter interface acts as a site for activating at least one of the reactants, for example, oxygen. Some examples and future prospects in applications are also briefly described.

3,743 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
07 Feb 1996-Langmuir
Abstract: The use of optical measurements to monitor electrochemical changes on the surface of nanosized metal particles is discussed within the Drude model. The absorption spectrum of a metal sol in water is shown to be strongly affected by cathodic or anodic polarization, chemisorption, metal adatom deposition, and alloying. Anion adsorption leads to strong damping of the free electron absorption. Cathodic polarization leads to anion desorption. Underpotential deposition (upd) of electropositive metal layers results in dramatic blue-shifts of the surface plasmon band of the substrate. The deposition of just 0.1 monolayer can be readily detected by eye. In some cases alloying occurs spontaneously during upd. Alloy formation can be ascertained from the optical absorption spectrum in the case of gold deposition onto silver sols. The underpotential deposition of silver adatoms onto palladium leads to the formation of a homogeneous silver shell, but the mean free path is less than predicted, due to lattice strain in t...

3,285 citations


Book
01 Jan 1994-
Abstract: 1. Introduction 2. Geometric structure of metal-oxide surfaces 3. Surface lattice vibrations 4. Electronic structure of non-transition metal-oxide surfaces 5. Electronic structure of transition metal-oxide surfaces 6. Molecular adsorption on oxides 7. Interfaces of metal oxides with metals and other oxides References Index.

2,502 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
15 Aug 2003-Science
TL;DR: It is reported here that for the class of nanostructured gold– or platinum–cerium oxide catalysts, which are active for the water-gas shift reaction, metal nanoparticles do not participate in the reaction.
Abstract: Traditional analysis of reactions catalyzed by supported metals involves the structure of the metallic particles. However, we report here that for the class of nanostructured gold- or platinum-cerium oxide catalysts, which are active for the water-gas shift reaction, metal nanoparticles do not participate in the reaction. Nonmetallic gold or platinum species strongly associated with surface cerium-oxygen groups are responsible for the activity.

2,398 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
20 Jul 1995-Nature
Abstract: THE unique role that gold plays in society is to a large extent related to the fact that it is the most noble of all metals: it is the least reactive metal towards atoms or molecules at the interface with a gas or a liquid. The inertness of gold does not reflect a general inability to form chemical bonds, however—gold forms very stable alloys with many other metals. To understand the nobleness of gold, we have studied a simple surface reaction, the dissociation of H2 on the surface of gold and of three other metals (copper, nickel and platinum) that lie close to it in the periodic table. We present self-consistent density-functional calculations of the activation barriers and chemisorption energies which clearly illustrate that nobleness is related to two factors: the degree of filling of the antibonding states on adsorption, and the degree of orbital overlap with the adsorbate. These two factors, which determine both the strength of the adsorbate-metal interaction and the energy barrier for dissociation, operate together to the maxima] detriment of adsorbate binding and subsequent reactivity on gold.

2,175 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202213
2021412
2020536
2019576
2018582
2017530

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Masatake Haruta

11 papers, 1.4K citations

Maria Flytzani-Stephanopoulos

9 papers, 3.3K citations

Israel E. Wachs

9 papers, 1.5K citations

Ingemar Lundström

8 papers, 397 citations

Alfons Baiker

7 papers, 798 citations