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Metal powder

About: Metal powder is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 15840 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 115193 citation(s). The topic is also known as: bronze powder.

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Journal ArticleDOI
John Banhart1
Abstract: The possibilities for manufacturing metal foams or other porous metallic structures are reviewed. The various manufacturing processes are classified according to the state of matter in which the metal is processed — solid, liquid, gaseous or ionised. Liquid metal can be foamed directly by injecting gas or gas-releasing blowing agents, or by producing supersaturated metal–gas solutions. Indirect methods include investment casting, the use of space-holding filler materials or melting of powder compacts which contain a blowing agent. If inert gas is entrapped in powder compacts, a subsequent heat treatment can produce cellular metals even in the solid state. The same holds for various sintering methods, metal powder slurry foaming, or extrusion and sintering of polymer/powder mixtures. Finally, electro-deposition or metal vapour deposition also allow for the production of highly porous metallic structures. The various ways for characterising the properties of cellular metals are reviewed in second section of this paper. Non-destructive as well as destructive methods are described. Finally, the various application fields for cellular metals are discussed. They are divided into structural and functional applications and are treated according to their relevance for the different industrial sectors.

3,005 citations

01 Jan 1967

493 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Porous Ti compacts for biomedical applications are successfully fabricated in the porosity range from 50 to 371 vol% by controlling sintering conditions and Ti powder sizes Young’s modulus and bending strength at the porosity of around 30 vol% are found to be similar to those of human cortical bone

485 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In this study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and extensive spray tests were performed for detailed analyses of the cold spray process. The modeling of the gas and particle flow field for different nozzle geometries and process parameters in correlation with the results of the experiments reveal that adhesion only occurs when the powder particles exceed a critical impact velocity that is specific to the spray material. For spherical copper powder with low oxygen content, the critical velocity was determined to be about 570 m/s. With nitrogen as the process gas and particle grain sizes from 5–25 µm, deposition efficiencies of more than 70% were achieved. The cold sprayed coatings show negligible porosity and oxygen contents comparable to the initial powder feedstock. Therefore, properties such as the electrical conductivity at room temperature correspond to those of the bulk material. The methods presented here can also be applied to develop strategies for cold spraying of other materials such as zinc, stainless steel, or nickel-based super-alloys.

474 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Understanding laser interaction with metal powder beds is critical in predicting optimum processing regimes in laser powder bed fusion additive manufacturing of metals. In this work, we study the denudation of metal powders that is observed near the laser scan path as a function of laser parameters and ambient gas pressure. We show that the observed depletion of metal powder particles in the zone immediately surrounding the solidified track is due to a competition between outward metal vapor flux directed away from the laser spot and entrainment of powder particles in a shear flow of gas driven by a metal vapor jet at the melt track. Between atmospheric pressure and ∼10 Torr of Ar gas, the denuded zone width increases with decreasing ambient gas pressure and is dominated by entrainment from inward gas flow. The denuded zone then decreases from 10 to 2.2 Torr reaching a minimum before increasing again from 2.2 to 0.5 Torr where metal vapor flux and expansion from the melt pool dominates. The dynamics of the denudation process were captured using high-speed imaging, revealing that the particle movement is a complex interplay among melt pool geometry, metal vapor flow, and ambient gas pressure. The experimental results are rationalized through finite element simulations of the melt track formation and resulting vapor flow patterns. The results presented here represent new insights to denudation and melt track formation that can be important for the prediction and minimization of void defects and surface roughness in additively manufactured metal components.

420 citations

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