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Methyl acrylate

About: Methyl acrylate is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 6678 publications have been published within this topic receiving 100683 citations. The topic is also known as: Methoxycarbonylethylene & Methyl ester of acrylic acid.


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Journal ArticleDOI
S. Havriliak1, S. Negami1
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors measured and analyzed the complex dielectric behavior of the α-dispersions for five polymers [i.e., polycarbonate and polyisophthalate esters of bisphenol A, isotactic poly-(methyl methacrylate), poly(methyl acrylate) and a copolymer of phenyl methacellitrile] and found that the usual methods of analysis cannot be used to represent the data.
Abstract: The α-dispersion in many polymer systems is the process to be associated with the glass transition temperature where many physical properties undergo drastic changes. We have measured and analyzed the complex dielectric behavior of the α-dispersions for five polymers [i.e., polycarbonate and polyisophthalate esters of bisphenol A, isotactic poly-(methyl methacrylate), poly(methyl acrylate), and a copolymer of phenyl methacrylate and acrylonitrile] and have found that the usual methods of analysis cannot be used to represent the data. However, it is possible to represent the relaxation process as the sum of two dispersions but there is no evidence to support this contention. An empirical expression is proposed to represent the data. This expression which takes the form of appears to be a general representation for the three known dispersions, i.e., Debye, circular arc, and skewed semicircle. The complex dielectric constants calculated with the aid of this expression and the parameters for each polymer system which was determined graphically were found to be in excellent agreement with the experimental complex dielectric constants. This method of representation was extended to sixteen α-dispersions reported in the literature always with excellent results.

1,503 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the effects of reaction conditions and catalyst structure on the copolymerization reaction were rationalized, and the effect of the acrylate comonomer at the ends of branches as −CH2CH2C(O)OMe groups was analyzed.
Abstract: Mechanistic aspects of palladium-catalyzed insertion copolymerizations of ethylene and α-olefins with methyl acrylate to give high molar mass polymers are described. Complexes [(N∧N)Pd(CH2)3C(O)OMe]BAr‘4 (2) or [(N∧N)Pd(CH3)(L)]BAr‘4 (1: L = OEt2; 3: L ⋮ NCMe; 4: L ⋮ NCAr‘) (N∧N ≡ ArNC(R)−C(R)NAr, e.g., Ar ⋮ 2,6-C6H3(i-Pr)2, R ⋮ H (a), Me (b); Ar‘ ⋮ 3,5-C6H3(CF3)2) with bulky substituted α-diimine ligands were used as catalyst precursors. The copolymers are highly branched, the acrylate comonomer being incorporated predominantly at the ends of branches as −CH2CH2C(O)OMe groups. The effects of reaction conditions and catalyst structure on the copolymerization reaction are rationalized. Low-temperature NMR studies show that migratory insertion in the η2-methyl acrylate (MA) complex [(N∧N)PdMe{H2CCHC(O)OMe}]+ (5) occurs to give initially the 2,1-insertion product [(N∧N)PdCH(CH2CH3)C(O)OMe]+ (6), which rearranges stepwise to yield 2 as the final product upon warming to −20 °C. Activation parameters (ΔH⧧ = ...

857 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, three multidentate amines, tetramethylethylenediamine (TMEDA), N,N,NN, N',N' and N'N' were used as new ligands in the copper mediated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of styrene, methyl acrylate and methyl methacrylate.
Abstract: Three multidentate amines, tetramethylethylenediamine (TMEDA), N,N,N‘,N‘,N‘‘-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine (PMDETA) and 1,1,4,7,10,10-hexamethyltriethylenetetramine (HMTETA) have been successfully used as new ligands in the copper mediated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of styrene, methyl acrylate and methyl methacrylate. All the polymerizations were well controlled with a linear increase of molecular weights (Mn) with conversion and relatively low polydispersities throughout the reactions. Compared to the 2,2‘-bipyridine (bipy) based ligands, most multidentate amines are less expensive and the polymerization mixtures are less colored. In particular, the use of the tridentate PMDETA and the tetradentate HMTETA as the ligands resulted in faster polymerization rates for styrene and methyl acrylate than those using bipy as the ligand. This may be in part attributed to the fact that the coordination complexes between copper and the simple amines have lower redox potentials than the copper−bipy co...

428 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Diels-Alder cycloaddition reaction between methyl acrylate and cyclopentadiene has been investigated in a number of air and moisture stable ionic liquids as discussed by the authors.

377 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, multifunctional initiators derived from cyclotriphosphazenes, cyclosiloxanes and organic polyols were used in the synthesis of styrenic and (meth)acrylic star polymers by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP).
Abstract: Multifunctional initiators, derived from cyclotriphosphazenes, cyclosiloxanes, and organic polyols, were used in the synthesis of styrenic and (meth)acrylic star polymers by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Conditions were identified in each system which provided linear first-order kinetics for polymers with narrow, monomodal molecular weight distributions. Molecular weight measurements relative to linear polystyrene standards showed that the star polymers had lower molecular weights than theoretically predicted. Triple detection SEC measured on poly(n-butyl acrylate) samples demonstrated that the absolute molecular weight matched the theoretical valuethe smaller relative chain length was due to lower hydrodynamic volumes of the star-branched polymers relative to linear analogues. Kinetic arguments were used to demonstrate that each alkyl halide moiety bound to the initiators was participating in ATRP. Well-defined poly(methyl acrylate) stars of molecular weights Mn > 500 000 and low polydispe...

364 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202326
202272
202169
2020129
2019172
2018210