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Methyl isobutyl ketone

About: Methyl isobutyl ketone is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 2071 publications have been published within this topic receiving 26976 citations. The topic is also known as: Hexone & Isobutyl methyl ketone.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated the selectivity of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in a batch mode in the presence of a series of dealuminated H-form mordenites as catalysts, at 165°C, and in a solvent mixture consisting of water and methyl isobutyl ketone.
Abstract: Dehydration of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural was performed in a batch mode in the presence of a series of dealuminated H-form mordenites as catalysts, at 165°C, and in a solvent mixture consisting of water and methyl isobutyl ketone (1:5 by volume). Under the operating conditions used, the reaction was not controlled by external or internal diffusional limitations. Fructose conversion and selectivity to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural were found to depend on acidic and structural properties of the catalysts used as well as on the micropore vs. mesopore volume distribution of those catalysts. A maximum in the rate of conversion of fructose was observed for the H-mordenite with a Si/Al ratio of 11. A maximum in the selectivity to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural was observed only for H-mordenites with a low mesoporous volume. The high selectivity obtained (>90%) was correlated with the shape selectivity properties of H-mordenites (bidimensional structure), and particularly with the absence of cavities within the structure allowing further formation of secondary products. The influence of the microporosity vs. mesoporosity on the selectivity to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural was also studied, the formation of mesopores upon dealumination procedures being damaging to obtain a high selectivity. A significant increase in the selectivity (10%) was also obtained by simultaneous extraction of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural with methyl isobutyl ketone circulating in a countercurrent manner in a continuous catalytic heterogeneous pulsed column reactor. Finally, taking into account the most recent results reported in the literature and our own results, it is possible to revise the mechanism of the dehydration of fructose.

376 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, three chemical families were investigated to stabilize the viscosity of biocrude during long-term storage and showed the ability to drastically reduce the aging rate of bi-products.
Abstract: The initial development of additives to stabilize the viscosity of biocrude during long-term storage has produced dramatic results. The additives investigated were ethyl acetate, methyl isobutyl ketone and methanol, acetone, methanol, acetone and methanol, and ethanol. These additives represent three chemical families, which all demonstrated the ability to drastically reduce the aging rate of biocrude, as defined by the increase in viscosity with time. Accelerated aging tests were run at 90 °C to screen the additives. The additives not only lowered the initial viscosity at 40 °C by half but also reduced the aging rate of a hot gas filtered pyrolysis oil made from hybrid poplar (NREL run 175) by factors of 1−18 compared to the original pure oil. With the best additive, methanol, at a 10 wt % level in the pyrolysis oil, the modified biocrude was still a single-phase liquid and still met the ASTM No. 4 diesel fuel specification for viscosity even after 96 h exposure to 90 °C. Based on the aging rate at 90 °C...

371 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jul 1967-Talanta
TL;DR: A technique has been developed for the determination of "soluble" cobalt, copper, iron, lead, nickel and zinc in saline waters by simultaneous extraction of their complexes with ammonium pyrollidine dithiocarbamate into methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) and subsequent analysis by atomic-absorption spectrophotometry.

285 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a procedure for analysis and pretreatment of natural-water samples to determine very low concentrations of Al is described which distinguishes the rapidly reacting equilibrium species from the metastable or slowly reacting macro ions and colloidal suspended material.

283 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202314
202230
202137
202045
201972
201872