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Michelia

About: Michelia is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 198 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1565 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Magnolia sect. Michelia.


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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2004-Blumea
TL;DR: A new system of Magnolioideae (Magnoliaceae) is given, based on the latest available data on DNA and morphology, and new combinations and name changes in Malesian Magnolia are given.
Abstract: A new system of Magnolioideae (Magnoliaceae) is given, based on the latest available data on DNA and morphology. New combinations and name changes in Malesian Magnolia are given as well as some corrections in previously published names.

127 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A molecular phylogeny of Magnoliaceae was constructed to reveal phylogenetic relationships of taxa by sequencing the trnK intron, psbA-trnH, and atpB-rbcL intergenic spacer regions of chloroplast DNA from 25 Magnolia, two Michelia, and two Liriodendron taxa.
Abstract: (disjuncts), however, have similar chemical profiles. A molecular phylogeny of Magnoliaceae was constructed to reveal phylogenetic relationships of taxa by sequencing the trnK intron (including the matK coding region), psbA-trnH, and atpB-rbcL intergenic spacer regions of chloroplast DNA from 25 Magnolia, two Michelia, and two Liriodendron taxa. The psbA-trnH spacer region showed twice the sequence divergence (0.0157) of the trnK intron (0.0073) or the matK coding region (0.0077). The strict consensus tree constructed from the combined data set (ca. 3,700 bp) indicated the genus Magnolia was polyphyletic containing Michelia species as ingroup. The clade of Magnolia liliifera var. obovata, M. coco, and M. delavayi formed the first branch. Among the remaining species, two additional large clades were recognized, i.e., one comprised of American evergreen Magnolia species and another of subgenus Yulania. The relationship among sect. Rytidospermum taxa was not clearly resolved. Parsimonious mapping of the floral scent chemical characters was performed onto the molecular phylogenetic tree to discuss evolutionary trends of the floral scent chemistries.

106 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The molecular data strongly suggest that a taxonomic realignment of infrafamilial delimitations and compositions should be considered in the Magnoliaceae.
Abstract: The ndhF sequences of 99 taxa, representing all sections in extant Magnoliaceae, were analyzed to address phylogenetic questions in the family. Magnolia macrophylla and M. dealbata, North American species of Magnolia section Rytidospermum, are placed at the base in the subfamily Magnolioideae although its supporting value is low. In the remaining taxa, several distinctive lineages are recognized: (1) Magnolia, the biggest genus in the family, is not monophyletic; (2) Michelia, including section Maingola of Magnolia subgenus Magnolia, is closely related with Elmerrillia and sections Alcimandra and Aromadendron of Magnolia subgenus Magnolia; (3) the associates of Michelia are grouped with Magnolia subgenus Yulania and section Gynopodium of Magnolia subgenus Magnolia; (4) Pachylarnax forms a clade with sections Manglietiastrum and Gynopodium of Magnolia; (5) a well-supported Manglietia clade is recognized; (6) Caribbean species of section Theorhodon of Magnolia subgenus Magnolia, which are section Splendentes sensu Vazquez-Garcia, are closely allied with New World members of Magnolia subgenus Talauma; and (7) section Rytidospermum of Magnolia subgenus Magnolia and subgenus Talauma are polyphyletic. The separated clades in the molecular tree are considerably different from traditional taxonomic dispositions in the family. The molecular data strongly suggest that a taxonomic realignment of infrafamilial delimitations and compositions should be considered.

105 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Five sesquiterpene lactones were isolated from Michelia champaca root bark One of these, michampanolide (2,7-dihydroxy-3,7-dimethyl-11-methylene-13-oxatricyclo[8,3,0,0,3,b]tridecan-12-one), possessed a new skeleton, while two others, 8-acetoxyparthenolide and magnograndiolide, were isolated for the first time from M champaca

62 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The genus Michelia (Magnoliaceae) consists of about 30 species. Michelia alba is an evergreen tree, especially distributed in Taiwan and China. Michelia species have been used by indigenous peoples for the treatment of cancer. For example, Michelia champaca has been used in India for the treatment of abdominal tumors and M. hypoleuca and M. officinalis for carcinomatous sores and leukemia, respectively, in China [1]. Previous phytochemical studies on this species isolated, from the roots and flowers of M. alba, ushinsunine, oxoushinsunine, salicifoline, michelalbine, limonene, benzyl acetate, linalool, nerol, hydroxycitronellal, benzaldehyde, benzyl benzoate, and methyl eugenol [2, 3]. To further understand the chemotaxonomy and to continue searching for novel agents from Magnoliaceous plants, the leaves of M. albawere chosen for the first time for phytochemical investigation. In this paper, we report the isolation of 21 pure substances. The compounds included four aporphines, (-)-anonaine ( 1) [4], (-)-norushinsunine ( 2) [5], (-)-ushinsunine ( 3) [5], and (-)-N-acetylanonaine ( 4) [6]; two oxoaporphines, liriodenine ( 5) [5] and oxoxylopine ( 6) [7]; three sesquiterpene lactones, michelenolide ( 7) [8], costunolide ( 8) [8], and 11,13-dehydrolanuginolide ( 9) [9]; one amide, N-trans-feruloyltyramine ( 10) [10]; one lignan, (+)-syringaresinol ( 11) [11]; three benzenoids, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde ( 12) [12], 4-hydroxybenzoic acid ( 13) [12], and methylparaben ( 14) [12]; two steroids, β-sitosterol and stigmasterol [13]; three aliphatic compounds, palmitic acid [14], stearic acid [15], and linoleic acid [16]; and two chlorophylls, pheophorbide a [17] and aristophyll-C [18]. In addition to 3 and 5, all of these compounds were isolated for the first time from this source.

60 citations

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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20214
202014
20199
20189
20178
20167