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About: Microstrip is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 40132 publications have been published within this topic receiving 468190 citations. The topic is also known as: Microstripline.

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01 Jan 2001
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a general framework for coupling matrix for Coupled Resonator Filters with short-circuited Stubs (UWB) and Cascaded Quadruplet (CQ) filters.
Abstract: Preface to the Second Edition. Preface to the First Edition. 1 Introduction. 2 Network Analysis. 2.1 Network Variables. 2.2 Scattering Parameters. 2.3 Short-Circuit Admittance Parameters. 2.4 Open-Circuit Impedance Parameters. 2.5 ABCD Parameters. 2.6 Transmission-Line Networks. 2.7 Network Connections. 2.8 Network Parameter Conversions. 2.9 Symmetrical Network Analysis. 2.10 Multiport Networks. 2.11 Equivalent and Dual Network. 2.12 Multimode Networks. 3 Basic Concepts and Theories of Filters. 3.1 Transfer Functions. 3.2 Lowpass Prototype Filters and Elements. 3.3 Frequency and Element Transformations. 3.4 Immittance Inverters. 3.5 Richards' Transformation and Kuroda Identities. 3.6 Dissipation and Unloaded Quality Factor. 4 Transmission Lines and Components. 4.1 Microstrip Lines. 4.2 Coupled Lines. 4.3 Discontinuities and Components. 4.4 Other Types of Microstrip Lines. 4.5 Coplanar Waveguide (CPW). 4.6 Slotlines. 5 Lowpass and Bandpass Filters. 5.1 Lowpass Filters. 5.2 Bandpass Filters. 6 Highpass and Bandstop Filters. 6.1 Highpass Filters. 6.2 Bandstop Filters. 7 Coupled-Resonator Circuits. 7.1 General Coupling Matrix for Coupled-Resonator Filters. 7.2 General Theory of Couplings. 7.3 General Formulation for Extracting Coupling Coefficient k. 7.4 Formulation for Extracting External Quality Factor Qe. 7.5 Numerical Examples. 7.6 General Coupling Matrix Including Source and Load. 8 CAD for Low-Cost and High-Volume Production. 8.1 Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Tools. 8.2 Computer-Aided Analysis (CAA). 8.3 Filter Synthesis by Optimization. 8.4 CAD Examples. 9 Advanced RF/Microwave Filters. 9.1 Selective Filters with a Single Pair of Transmission Zeros. 9.2 Cascaded Quadruplet (CQ) Filters. 9.3 Trisection and Cascaded Trisection (CT) Filters. 9.4 Advanced Filters with Transmission-Line Inserted Inverters. 9.5 Linear-Phase Filters. 9.6 Extracted Pole Filters. 9.7 Canonical Filters. 9.8 Multiband Filters. 10 Compact Filters and Filter Miniaturization. 10.1 Miniature Open-Loop and Hairpin Resonator Filters. 10.2 Slow-Wave Resonator Filters. 10.3 Miniature Dual-Mode Resonator Filters. 10.4 Lumped-Element Filters. 10.5 Miniature Filters Using High Dielectric-Constant Substrates. 10.6 Multilayer Filters. 11 Superconducting Filters. 11.1 High-Temperature Superconducting (HTS) Materials. 11.2 HTS Filters for Mobile Communications. 11.3 HTS Filters for Satellite Communications. 11.4 HTS Filters for Radio Astronomy and Radar. 11.5 High-Power HTS Filters. 11.6 Cryogenic Package. 12 Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Filters. 12.1 UWB Filters with Short-Circuited Stubs. 12.2 UWB-Coupled Resonator Filters. 12.3 Quasilumped Element UWB Filters. 12.4 UWB Filters Using Cascaded Miniature High- And Lowpass Filters. 12.5 UWB Filters with Notch Band(s). 13 Tunable and Reconfigurable Filters. 13.1 Tunable Combline Filters. 13.2 Tunable Open-Loop Filters without Via-Hole Grounding. 13.3 Reconfigurable Dual-Mode Bandpass Filters. 13.4 Wideband Filters with Reconfigurable Bandwidth. 13.5 Reconfigurable UWB Filters. 13.6 RF MEMS Reconfigurable Filters. 13.7 Piezoelectric Transducer Tunable Filters. 13.8 Ferroelectric Tunable Filters. Appendix: Useful Constants and Data. A.1 Physical Constants. A.2 Conductivity of Metals at 25 C (298K). A.3 Electical Resistivity rho in 10-8 m of Metals. A.4 Properties of Dielectric Substrates. Index.

4,774 citations

31 Oct 2000
TL;DR: Feeding Techniques and Modeling, Design and Analysis of Microstrip Antenna Arrays: Parallel and Series Feed Systems, and Theory and Design of Active Integrated Micro Strip Antenna Amplifiers.
Abstract: Microstrip Radiators: Various Microstrip Antenna Configurations. Feeding Techniques and Modeling. Applications. Radiation Field. Surface Waves and Photonic Band-Gap Structures. Analytical Models for Microstrip Antennas: Transmission Line Model. Cavity Model. Generalized Cavity Model. Multi-port Network Model (MNM). Radiation Fields. Aperture Admittance. Mutual Admittance. Model for Coaxial Probe in Microstrip Antennas. Comparison of Analytical Models. Full-Wave Analysis of Microstrip Antennas: Spectral Domain Full-Wave Analysis. Mixed-Potential Integral Equation Analysis. Finite-Difference Time Domain Analysis.Rectangular Microstrip Antenna: Models for Rectangular Patch Antenna. Design Considerations for Rectangular Patch Antennas. Tolerance Analysis of Rectangular Microstrip Antennas. Mechanical Tuning of Patch Antennas. Quarter-wave Rectangular Patch Antenna. Circular Disk and Ring Antennas: Analysis of a Circular Disk Microstrip Antenna. Design Considerations for Circular Disk Antennas. Semicircular Disk and Circular Sector Microstrip Antennas. Comparison Of Rectangular And Circular Disk Microstrip Antennas. Circular Ring or Annular Ring Microstrip Antenna. Circular Sector Microstrip Ring Antenna. Microstrip Ring Antennas of Non-Circular Shapes. Dipoles and Triangular Patch Antennas: Microstrip Dipole and Center-Fed Dipoles. Triangular Microstrip Patch Antenna. Design of an Equilateral Triangular Patch Antenna. Microstrip Slot Antennas: Microstrip-Fed Rectangular Slot Antennas. CPW-Fed Slot Antennas. Annular Slot Antennas. Tapered Slot Antennas (TSA). Comparison of Slot Antennas with Microstrip Antennas. Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas and Techniques: Various Types of Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. Singly-Fed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. Dual-Orthagonal Feed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. Circularly Polarized Traveling-Wave Microstrip-Line Arrays. Bandwidth Enhancement Techniques. Sequentially Rotated Arrays. Broad-Banding of Microstrip Antennas: Effect of Substrate Parameters on Bandwidth. Selection of Suitable Patch Shape. Selection of Suitable Feeding Technique. Multi-Moding Techniques. Other Broadbanding Techniques. Multifrequency Operation. Loaded Microstrip Antennas and Applications: Polarization Diversity Using Microstrip Antennas. Frequency Agile Microstrip Antennas. Radiation Pattern Control of Microstrip Antennas. Loading Effect of a Short. Compact Patch Antennas. Planar Inverted F Antenna. Dual-Frequency Microstrip Antennas. Dual-Frequency Compact Microstrip Antennas. Active Integrated Microstrip Antennas: Classification of Active Integrated Microstrip Antennas. Theory and Design of Active Integrated Microstrip Antenna Oscillators. Theory and Design of Active Integrated Microstrip Antenna Amplifiers. Frequency Conversion Active Integrated Microstrip Antenna Theory and Design. Design and Analysis of Microstrip Antenna Arrays: Parallel and Series Feed Systems. Mutual Coupling. Design of Linear Arrays. Design of Planar Arrays. Monolithic Integrated Phased Arrays.

3,612 citations

11 Nov 2005
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors define Metamaterials (MTMs) and Left-Handed (LH) MTMs as a class of two-dimensional MTMs.
Abstract: Preface. Acknowledgments. Acronyms. 1 Introduction. 1.1 Definition of Metamaterials (MTMs) and Left-Handed (LH) MTMs. 1.2 Theoretical Speculation by Viktor Veselago. 1.3 Experimental Demonstration of Left-Handedness. 1.4 Further Numerical and Experimental Confirmations. 1.5 "Conventional" Backward Waves and Novelty of LH MTMs. 1.6 Terminology. 1.7 Transmission Line (TL) Approach. 1.8 Composite Right/Left-Handed (CRLH) MTMs. 1.9 MTMs and Photonic Band-Gap (PBG) Structures. 1.10 Historical "Germs" of MTMs. References. 2 Fundamentals of LH MTMs. 2.1 Left-Handedness from Maxwell's Equations. 2.2 Entropy Conditions in Dispersive Media. 2.3 Boundary Conditions. 2.4 Reversal of Doppler Effect. 2.5 Reversal of Vavilov- Cerenkov Radiation. 2.6 Reversal of Snell's Law: Negative Refraction. 2.7 Focusing by a "Flat LH Lens". 2.8 Fresnel Coefficients. 2.9 Reversal of Goos-H anchen Effect. 2.10 Reversal of Convergence and Divergence in Convex and Concave Lenses. 2.11 Subwavelength Diffraction. References. 3 TLTheoryofMTMs. 3.1 Ideal Homogeneous CRLH TLs. 3.1.1 Fundamental TL Characteristics. 3.1.2 Equivalent MTM Constitutive Parameters. 3.1.3 Balanced and Unbalanced Resonances. 3.1.4 Lossy Case. 3.2 LC Network Implementation. 3.2.1 Principle. 3.2.2 Difference with Conventional Filters. 3.2.3 Transmission Matrix Analysis. 3.2.4 Input Impedance. 3.2.5 Cutoff Frequencies. 3.2.6 Analytical Dispersion Relation. 3.2.7 Bloch Impedance. 3.2.8 Effect of Finite Size in the Presence of Imperfect Matching. 3.3 Real Distributed 1D CRLH Structures. 3.3.1 General Design Guidelines. 3.3.2 Microstrip Implementation. 3.3.3 Parameters Extraction. 3.4 Experimental Transmission Characteristics. 3.5 Conversion from Transmission Line to Constitutive Parameters. References. 4 Two-Dimensional MTMs. 4.1 Eigenvalue Problem. 4.1.1 General Matrix System. 4.1.2 CRLH Particularization. 4.1.3 Lattice Choice, Symmetry Points, Brillouin Zone, and 2D Dispersion Representations. 4.2 Driven Problem by the Transmission Matrix Method (TMM). 4.2.1 Principle of the TMM. 4.2.2 Scattering Parameters. 4.2.3 Voltage and Current Distributions. 4.2.4 Interest and Limitations of the TMM. 4.3 Transmission Line Matrix (TLM) Modeling Method. 4.3.1 TLM Modeling of the Unloaded TL Host Network. 4.3.2 TLM Modeling of the Loaded TL Host Network (CRLH). 4.3.3 Relationship between Material Properties and the TLM Model Parameters. 4.3.4 Suitability of the TLM Approach for MTMs. 4.4 Negative Refractive Index (NRI) Effects. 4.4.1 Negative Phase Velocity. 4.4.2 Negative Refraction. 4.4.3 Negative Focusing. 4.4.4 RH-LH Interface Surface Plasmons. 4.4.5 Reflectors with Unusual Properties. 4.5 Distributed 2D Structures. 4.5.1 Description of Possible Structures. 4.5.2 Dispersion and Propagation Characteristics. 4.5.3 Parameter Extraction. 4.5.4 Distributed Implementation of the NRI Slab. References. 5 Guided-Wave Applications. 5.1 Dual-Band Components. 5.1.1 Dual-Band Property of CRLH TLs. 5.1.2 Quarter-Wavelength TL and Stubs. 5.1.3 Passive Component Examples: Quadrature Hybrid and Wilkinson Power Divider. Quadrature Hybrid. Wilkinson Power Divider. 5.1.4 Nonlinear Component Example: Quadrature Subharmonically Pumped Mixer. 5.2 Enhanced-Bandwidth Components. 5.2.1 Principle of Bandwidth Enhancement. 5.2.2 Rat-Race Coupler Example. 5.3 Super-compact Multilayer "Vertical" TL. 5.3.1 "Vertical" TL Architecture. 5.3.2 TL Performances. 5.3.3 Diplexer Example. 5.4 Tight Edge-Coupled Coupled-Line Couplers (CLCs). 5.4.1 Generalities on Coupled-Line Couplers. TEM and Quasi-TEM Symmetric Coupled-Line Structures with Small Interspacing: Impedance Coupling (IC). Non-TEM Symmetric Coupled-Line Structures with Relatively Large Spacing: Phase Coupling (PC). Summary on Symmetric Coupled-Line Structures. Asymmetric Coupled-Line Structures. Advantages of MTM Couplers. 5.4.2 Symmetric Impedance Coupler. 5.4.3 Asymmetric Phase Coupler. 5.5 Negative and Zeroth-Order Resonator. 5.5.1 Principle. 5.5.2 LC Network Implementation. 5.5.3 Zeroth-Order Resonator Characteristics. 5.5.4 Circuit Theory Verification. 5.5.5 Microstrip Realization. References. 6 Radiated-Wave Applications. 6.1 Fundamental Aspects of Leaky-Wave Structures. 6.1.1 Principle of Leakage Radiation. 6.1.2 Uniform and Periodic Leaky-Wave Structures. Uniform LW Structures. Periodic LW Structures. 6.1.3 Metamaterial Leaky-Wave Structures. 6.2 Backfire-to-Endfire (BE) Leaky-Wave (LW) Antenna. 6.3 Electronically Scanned BE LW Antenna. 6.3.1 Electronic Scanning Principle. 6.3.2 Electronic Beamwidth Control Principle. 6.3.3 Analysis of the Structure and Results. 6.4 Reflecto-Directive Systems. 6.4.1 Passive Retro-Directive Reflector. 6.4.2 Arbitrary-Angle Frequency Tuned Reflector. 6.4.3 Arbitrary-Angle Electronically Tuned Reflector. 6.5 Two-Dimensional Structures. 6.5.1 Two-Dimensional LW Radiation. 6.5.2 Conical-Beam Antenna. 6.5.3 Full-Space Scanning Antenna. 6.6 Zeroth Order Resonating Antenna. 6.7 Dual-Band CRLH-TL Resonating Ring Antenna. 6.8 Focusing Radiative "Meta-Interfaces". 6.8.1 Heterodyne Phased Array. 6.8.2 Nonuniform Leaky-Wave Radiator. References. 7 The Future of MTMs. 7.1 "Real-Artificial" Materials: the Challenge of Homogenization. 7.2 Quasi-Optical NRI Lenses and Devices. 7.3 Three-Dimensional Isotropic LH MTMs. 7.4 Optical MTMs. 7.5 "Magnetless" Magnetic MTMs. 7.6 Terahertz Magnetic MTMs. 7.7 Surface Plasmonic MTMs. 7.8 Antenna Radomes and Frequency Selective Surfaces. 7.9 Nonlinear MTMs. 7.10 Active MTMs. 7.11 Other Topics of Interest. References. Index.

2,750 citations

01 Jun 1979
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a quasi-static analysis of an Enclosed Microstrip and a Slot-Coupled Microstrip Line, as well as a fullwave analysis of Discontinuity Inductance Evaluation.
Abstract: Microstrip Lines I: Quasi-Static Analyses, Dispersion Models, and Measurements -Introduction. Quasi-Static Analyses of a Microstrip. Microstrip Dispersion Models. Microstrip Transitions. Microstrip Measurements. Fabrication. Microstrip Lines II: Fullwave Analyses, Design Considerations, and Applications - Methods of Fullwave Analysis. Analysis of an Open Microstrip. Analysis of an Enclosed Microstrip. Design Considerations. Other Types of Microstrip Lines. Microstrip Applications. Microstrip Discontinuities I: Quasi-Static Analysis and Characterization -Introduction. Discontinuity Capacitance Evaluation. Discontinuity Inductance Evaluation. Characterization of Various Discontinuities. Compensated Microstrip Discontinuities. Microstrip Discontinuities II: Fullwave Analysis and Measurements - Planar Waveguide Analysis. Fullwave Analysis of Discontinuities. Discontinuity Measurements. Slotlines -Introduction. Slotline Analysis. Design Considerations. Slotline Discontinuities. Variants of Slotline. Slotline Transitions. Slotline Applications. Defected Ground Structure (DGS) -Introduction. DGS Characteristics. Modeling of DGS. Applications of DGS. Coplanar Lines: Coplanar Waveguide and Coplanar Strips -Introduction. Analysis. Design Considerations. Losses in Coplanar Lines. Effect of Tolerances. Comparison with Microstrip Line and Slotline. Transitions. Discontinuities in Coplanar Lines. Coplanar Line Circuits. Coupled Microstrip Lines -Introduction. General Analysis of Coupled Lines. Characteristics of Coupled Microstrip Lines. Measurements on Coupled Microstrip Lines. Design Considerations for Coupled Microstrip Lines. Slot-Coupled Microstrip Lines. Coupled Multiconductor Microstrip Lines. Discontinuities in Coupled Microstrip Lines. Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW) -Introduction. Analysis Techniques of SIW. Design Considerations. Other SIW Configurations. Transitions Between SIW and Planar Transmission Lines. SIW Components and Antennas. Fabrication Technologies and Materials.

2,182 citations

15 Jan 2002
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present an overview of the most recent advances in regular-size Dual-Frequency Antennas and their application in a wide range of applications, including: 1.1 Introduction.
Abstract: Preface. 1. Introduction and Overview. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Compact Microstrip Antennas. 1.3 Compact Broadband Microstrip Antennas. 1.4 Compact Dual-Frequency Microstrip Antennas. 1.5 Compact Dual-Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 1.6 Compact Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 1.7 Compact Microstrip Antennas with Enhanced Gain. 1.8 Broadband Microstrip Antennas. 1.9 Broadband Dual-Frequency and Dual-Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 1.10 Broadband and Dual-Band Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 2. Compact Microstrip Antennas. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Use of a Shorted Patch with a Thin Dielectric Substrate. 2.3 Use of a Meandered Patch. 2.4 Use of a Meandered Ground Plane. 2.5 Use of a Planar Inverted-L Patch. 2.6 Use of an Inverted U-Shaped or Folded Patch. 3. Compact Broadband Microstrip Antennas. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Use of a Shorted Patch with a Thick Air Substrate. 3.3 Use of Stacked Shorted Patches. 3.4 Use of Chip-Resistor and Chip-Capacitor Loading Technique. 3.5 Use of a Slot-Loading Technique. 3.6 Use of a Slotted Ground Plane. 4. Compact Dual-Frequency and Dual-Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Some Recent Advances in Regular-Size Dual-Frequency Designs. 4.3 Compact Dual-Frequency Operation with Same Polarization Planes. 4.4 Compact Dual-Frequency Operation. 4.5 Dual-Band or Triple-Band PIFA. 4.6 Compact Dual-Polarized Designs. 5. Compact Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Designs with a Cross-Slot of Unequal Arm Lengths. 5.3 Designs with a Y-Shaped Slot of Unequal Arm Lengths. 5.4 Designs with Slits. 5.5 Designs with Spur Lines. 5.6 Designs with Truncated Corners. 5.7 Designs with Peripheral Cuts. 5.8 Designs with a Tuning Stub. 5.9 Designs with a Bent Tuning Stub. 5.10 Compact CP Designs with an Inset Microstrip-Line Feed. 6. Compact Microstrip Antennas with Enhanced Gain. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Compact Microstrip Antennas with High-Permittivity Superstrate. 6.3 Compact Microstrip Antennas with Active Circuitry. 7. Broadband Microstrip Antennas. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Use of Additional Microstrip Resonators. 7.3 Microstrip Antennas with an Air Substrate. 7.4 Broadband Slot-Loaded Microstrip Antennas. 7.5 Broadband Microstrip Antennas with an Integrated Reactive Loading. 7.6 Broadband Microstrip Antennas with Reduced Cross-Polarization Radiation. 8. Broadband Dual-Frequency and Dual-Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Broadband Dual-Frequency Microstrip Antennas. 8.3 Broadband Dual-Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 9. Broadband and Dual-Band Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Broadband Single-Feed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 9.3 Broadband Two-Feed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 9.4 Broadband Four-Feed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 9.5 Dual-Band Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. Index.

1,734 citations

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