scispace - formally typeset

Topic

MNIST database

About: MNIST database is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 6212 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 327921 citation(s). The topic is also known as: MNIST dataset.
Papers
More filters

Proceedings Article
03 Dec 2012-
Abstract: We trained a large, deep convolutional neural network to classify the 1.2 million high-resolution images in the ImageNet LSVRC-2010 contest into the 1000 different classes. On the test data, we achieved top-1 and top-5 error rates of 37.5% and 17.0% which is considerably better than the previous state-of-the-art. The neural network, which has 60 million parameters and 650,000 neurons, consists of five convolutional layers, some of which are followed by max-pooling layers, and three fully-connected layers with a final 1000-way softmax. To make training faster, we used non-saturating neurons and a very efficient GPU implementation of the convolution operation. To reduce overriding in the fully-connected layers we employed a recently-developed regularization method called "dropout" that proved to be very effective. We also entered a variant of this model in the ILSVRC-2012 competition and achieved a winning top-5 test error rate of 15.3%, compared to 26.2% achieved by the second-best entry.

73,871 citations


Dissertation
Alex Krizhevsky1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 2009-
Abstract: In this work we describe how to train a multi-layer generative model of natural images. We use a dataset of millions of tiny colour images, described in the next section. This has been attempted by several groups but without success. The models on which we focus are RBMs (Restricted Boltzmann Machines) and DBNs (Deep Belief Networks). These models learn interesting-looking filters, which we show are more useful to a classifier than the raw pixels. We train the classifier on a labeled subset that we have collected and call the CIFAR-10 dataset.

14,902 citations


Posted Content
TL;DR: This work shows that it can significantly improve the acoustic model of a heavily used commercial system by distilling the knowledge in an ensemble of models into a single model and introduces a new type of ensemble composed of one or more full models and many specialist models which learn to distinguish fine-grained classes that the full models confuse.
Abstract: A very simple way to improve the performance of almost any machine learning algorithm is to train many different models on the same data and then to average their predictions. Unfortunately, making predictions using a whole ensemble of models is cumbersome and may be too computationally expensive to allow deployment to a large number of users, especially if the individual models are large neural nets. Caruana and his collaborators have shown that it is possible to compress the knowledge in an ensemble into a single model which is much easier to deploy and we develop this approach further using a different compression technique. We achieve some surprising results on MNIST and we show that we can significantly improve the acoustic model of a heavily used commercial system by distilling the knowledge in an ensemble of models into a single model. We also introduce a new type of ensemble composed of one or more full models and many specialist models which learn to distinguish fine-grained classes that the full models confuse. Unlike a mixture of experts, these specialist models can be trained rapidly and in parallel.

8,473 citations


Proceedings Article
20 Mar 2015-
TL;DR: It is argued that the primary cause of neural networks' vulnerability to adversarial perturbation is their linear nature, supported by new quantitative results while giving the first explanation of the most intriguing fact about them: their generalization across architectures and training sets.
Abstract: Several machine learning models, including neural networks, consistently misclassify adversarial examples---inputs formed by applying small but intentionally worst-case perturbations to examples from the dataset, such that the perturbed input results in the model outputting an incorrect answer with high confidence. Early attempts at explaining this phenomenon focused on nonlinearity and overfitting. We argue instead that the primary cause of neural networks' vulnerability to adversarial perturbation is their linear nature. This explanation is supported by new quantitative results while giving the first explanation of the most intriguing fact about them: their generalization across architectures and training sets. Moreover, this view yields a simple and fast method of generating adversarial examples. Using this approach to provide examples for adversarial training, we reduce the test set error of a maxout network on the MNIST dataset.

7,946 citations


Posted Content
06 Nov 2014-arXiv: Learning
TL;DR: The conditional version of generative adversarial nets is introduced, which can be constructed by simply feeding the data, y, to the generator and discriminator, and it is shown that this model can generate MNIST digits conditioned on class labels.
Abstract: Generative Adversarial Nets [8] were recently introduced as a novel way to train generative models. In this work we introduce the conditional version of generative adversarial nets, which can be constructed by simply feeding the data, y, we wish to condition on to both the generator and discriminator. We show that this model can generate MNIST digits conditioned on class labels. We also illustrate how this model could be used to learn a multi-modal model, and provide preliminary examples of an application to image tagging in which we demonstrate how this approach can generate descriptive tags which are not part of training labels.

6,062 citations


Network Information
Related Topics (5)
Deep learning

79.8K papers, 2.1M citations

91% related
Convolutional neural network

74.7K papers, 2M citations

90% related
Artificial neural network

207K papers, 4.5M citations

86% related
Robustness (computer science)

94.7K papers, 1.6M citations

86% related
Feature extraction

111.8K papers, 2.1M citations

85% related
Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202215
20211,092
20201,218
20191,176
2018923
2017568