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Mode volume

About: Mode volume is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 5941 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 122954 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jul 1997-Optics Letters
TL;DR: An effective-index model confirms that an all-silica optical fiber made by embedding a central core in a two-dimensional photonic crystal with a micrometer-spaced hexagonal array of air holes can be single mode for any wavelength.
Abstract: We made an all-silica optical fiber by embedding a central core in a two-dimensional photonic crystal with a micrometer-spaced hexagonal array of air holes. An effective-index model confirms that such a fiber can be single mode for any wavelength. Its useful single-mode range within the transparency window of silica, although wide, is ultimately bounded by a bend-loss edge at short wavelengths as well as at long wavelengths.

2,784 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
05 Jul 2012-Nature
TL;DR: A successful alliance between nanoelectronics and nano-optics enables the development of active subwavelength-scale optics and a plethora of nano-optoelectronic devices and functionalities, such as tunable metamaterials, nanoscale optical processing, and strongly enhanced light–matter interactions for quantum devices and biosensing applications.
Abstract: The ability to manipulate optical fields and the energy flow of light is central to modern information and communication technologies, as well as quantum information processing schemes However, because photons do not possess charge, a way of controlling them efficiently by electrical means has so far proved elusive A promising way to achieve electric control of light could be through plasmon polaritons—coupled excitations of photons and charge carriers—in graphene In this two-dimensional sheet of carbon atoms, it is expected that plasmon polaritons and their associated optical fields can readily be tuned electrically by varying the graphene carrier density Although evidence of optical graphene plasmon resonances has recently been obtained spectroscopically, no experiments so far have directly resolved propagating plasmons in real space Here we launch and detect propagating optical plasmons in tapered graphene nanostructures using near-field scattering microscopy with infrared excitation light We provide real-space images of plasmon fields, and find that the extracted plasmon wavelength is very short—more than 40 times smaller than the wavelength of illumination We exploit this strong optical field confinement to turn a graphene nanostructure into a tunable resonant plasmonic cavity with extremely small mode volume The cavity resonance is controlled in situ by gating the graphene, and in particular, complete switching on and off of the plasmon modes is demonstrated, thus paving the way towards graphene-based optical transistors This successful alliance between nanoelectronics and nano-optics enables the development of active subwavelength-scale optics and a plethora of nano-optoelectronic devices and functionalities, such as tunable metamaterials, nanoscale optical processing, and strongly enhanced light–matter interactions for quantum devices and biosensing applications

1,630 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 Aug 2003-Optics Letters
TL;DR: It is shown that the micrometer-long silicon-on-insulator-based nanotaper coupler is able to efficiently convert both the mode field profile and the effective index, with a total length as short as 40 microm, during compact mode conversion between a fiber and a submicrometer waveguide.
Abstract: We propose and demonstrate an efficient coupler for compact mode conversion between a fiber and a submicrometer waveguide. The coupler is composed of high-index-contrast materials and is based on a short taper with a nanometer-sized tip. We show that the micrometer-long silicon-on-insulator-based nanotaper coupler is able to efficiently convert both the mode field profile and the effective index, with a total length as short as 40 microm. We measure an enhancement of the coupling efficiency between an optical fiber and a waveguide by 1 order of magnitude due to the coupler.

959 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The observation of critical coupling in a high- Q fused-silica microsphere whispering-gallery mode resonator coupled to a fiber taper opens up a range of new applications in fields as diverse as near-field sensing and quantum optics.
Abstract: We present the observation of critical coupling in a high-Q fused-silica microsphere whispering-gallery mode resonator coupled to a fiber taper Extremely efficient and controlled power transfer to high-Q (∼10^7) resonators has been demonstrated Off-resonance scattering loss was measured to be less than 03% On-resonance extinction in transmitted optical power through the fiber coupler was measured as high as 26 dB at the critical coupling point This result opens up a range of new applications in fields as diverse as near-field sensing and quantum optics

907 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 Aug 1997-Optics Letters
TL;DR: It is shown that high-Q whispering-gallery modes in fused-silica microspheres can be efficiently excited by an optical fiber taper and is believed to be the most efficient excitation of a high- Q microcavity resonance by a monomode optical fiber yet demonstrated.
Abstract: We show that high-Q whispering-gallery modes in fused-silica microspheres can be efficiently excited by an optical fiber taper. By adjusting the taper diameter to match the ropagation constant of the mode in the taper with that of the resonant mode of interest, one can couple more than 90% of the light into the sphere. This represents a significant improvement in excitation efficiency compared with other methods and is, we believe, the most efficient excitation of a high- Q microcavity resonance by a monomode optical fiber yet demonstrated.

899 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202138
202049
201944
201851
2017259
2016415

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Andreas Tünnermann

60 papers, 1.8K citations

Jens Limpert

39 papers, 1.3K citations

David J. Richardson

37 papers, 1K citations

Siddharth Ramachandran

30 papers, 1K citations

Cesar Jauregui

24 papers, 495 citations