Molecular orbital theory
About: Molecular orbital theory is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4537 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 251469 citation(s). The topic is also known as: molecular orbital method & MO theory.
01 Mar 1972-Journal of Chemical Physics
Abstract: Two extended basis sets (termed 5–31G and 6–31G) consisting of atomic orbitals expressed as fixed linear combinations of Gaussian functions are presented for the first row atoms carbon to fluorine. These basis functions are similar to the 4–31G set [J. Chem. Phys. 54, 724 (1971)] in that each valence shell is split into inner and outer parts described by three and one Gaussian function, respectively. Inner shells are represented by a single basis function taken as a sum of five (5–31G) or six (6–31G) Gaussians. Studies with a number of polyatomic molecules indicate a substantial lowering of calculated total energies over the 4–31G set. Calculated relative energies and equilibrium geometries do not appear to be altered significantly.
01 Jan 1954-
Abstract: Molecular theory of gases and liquids , Molecular theory of gases and liquids , مرکز فناوری اطلاعات و اطلاع رسانی کشاورزی
01 Jan 1954-
Clemens C. J. Roothaan1•Institutions (1)
01 Apr 1951-Reviews of Modern Physics
01 Sep 1980-Journal of the American Chemical Society
Abstract: From the information contained in the (exact or approximate) first-order density matrix, we describe a method for extracting a unique set of atomic hybrids and bond orbitals for a given molecule, thereby constructing its “Lewis structure” in an a priori manner. These natural hybrids are optimal in a certain sense, are efficiently computed, and seem to agree well with chemical intuition (as summarized, for example, in Bent’s Rule) and with hybrids obtained by other procedures. Using simple INDO-SCF-MO wave functions, we give applications of the natural hybrid orbital analysis to molecules exhibiting a variety of bonding features, including lone pairs, multiple bonds, strained rings, and “bent bonds”, multiple resonance structures, hydrogen bonds, and three-center bonds. Three examples are described in greater detail: (i) “orbital following” during ammonia umbrella inversion, (ii) the dimerization of water molecules, and (iii) the hydrogen-bridged bonds of diborane.